TABLE 9 Occupation of Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Sector, 1995 (in percent)

 

Employment Sector

Occupation

Total

Educational Institution

Private For-Profit Company

Self-Employed

Private Not-for-Profit Organization

Government

Other Employer

Employed Population (No.)

484,800

234,900

146,700

28,600

23,800

48,000

2,700

Scientists

38.3

24.6

44.1

67.8

57.5

59.3

58.9

Computer Scientists

2.9

0.6

7.3

1.9

2.9

1.5

1.5

Math Scientists

1.2

0.6

1.6

0.8

2.8

2.7

1.8

Chemists

4.4

1.2

10.6

1.6

2.2

3.7

3.4

Physicists

2.5

2.2

2.3

1.0

4.1

4.7

0.7

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Scientists

2.1

1.4

2.2

1.5

2.7

5.8

0.6

Agricultural/Environmental Scientists

1.8

1.5

1.8

1.6

0.9

3.7

1.6

Biological Scientists

9.8

10.4

8.0

2.7

13.4

15.3

4.1

Health Scientists

2.6

2.0

2.4

6.1

5.0

3.1

5.4

Social Scientists

2.4

1.5

1.5

2.9

4.5

6.5

3.4

Psychologists

8.5

3.1

6.5

47.7

19.0

12.3

5.7

Engineers

8.8

2.4

20.5

6.1

5.9

8.1

6.0

Postsecondary Teachers of Science

24.8

51.0

0.0

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.0

Postsecondary Teachers of Engineering

3.2

6.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other Teachers/Professors

2.3

4.6

0.0

0.2

0.0

0.1

0.0

Top/Mid-Level Managers

12.7

8.0

19.3

1.9

20.5

17.7

21.0

Management-Related Occupations

4.6

1.6

7.6

4.9

6.8

8.4

10.2

Technologists

1.2

0.4

2.6

1.4

0.9

1.3

1.4

Other Occupations

4.1

0.9

5.8

17.6

8.2

4.9

2.5

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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