TABLE 12 Primary Work Activity of Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Field of Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

Primary Work Activity

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Employed Population (No.)

484,800

6,400

22,800

52,500

34,400

14,400

19,300

97,400

15,500

67,600

75,800

78,600

Applied Research

20.2

17.8

11.6

27.4

20.5

29.0

36.5

19.6

23.4

18.0

9.2

24.8

Basic Research

13.7

11.4

12.4

13.0

20.4

19.0

8.6

31.0

5.8

7.6

5.6

4.9

Development and Design

7.2

6.9

4.2

11.6

11.2

2.9

6.1

3.1

4.1

2.3

1.6

19.9

Computer Applications

4.4

23.9

11.3

3.2

10.3

4.3

2.6

1.5

0.8

2.2

1.5

8.3

Managing and Supervising

11.8

7.4

8.1

13.7

11.3

10.8

12.4

10.5

15.2

11.8

10.1

14.9

Professional Services

12.3

0.3

2.3

4.7

2.4

4.2

5.3

9.5

15.6

6.0

48.2

2.6

Teaching

22.1

28.3

44.2

16.0

16.4

21.6

14.1

17.4

26.4

42.1

17.1

16.1

Other Activities

8.4

4.0

6.0

10.5

7.5

8.2

14.5

7.4

8.7

9.9

6.7

8.4

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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