TABLE 20 Most Important Reason for Science and Engineering Ph.D.s Working Outside Field of Degree, by Field of Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

Most Important Reason

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Total Working Outside Degree Field (No.)

37,600

*

2,100

5,700

5,100

*

*

6,900

*

5,100

3,100

6,600

Pay/Promotion Opportunities

21.8

*

30.7

26.7

19.7

*

*

20.6

*

22.8

20.0

21.8

Working Conditions

3.2

*

1.8

1.6

1.7

*

*

3.7

*

4.1

3.0

4.4

Job Location

3.9

*

4.5

4.3

2.2

*

*

3.0

*

5.0

1.8

5.5

Change in Career or Professional Interest

28.9

*

24.1

33.2

25.6

*

*

36.0

*

21.8

29.5

30.2

Family-Related Reasons

5.2

*

6.7

3.5

3.8

*

*

6.3

*

4.7

9.8

3.6

Job in Doctoral Field Not Available

26.9

*

23.7

21.2

37.0

*

*

22.3

*

32.4

22.2

24.0

Other Reason

10.1

*

8.5

9.5

10.0

*

*

8.1

*

9.2

13.7

10.5

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

*Too few cases to estimate.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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