2

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT

Employment Status

This chapter presents the employment status of science and engineering doctorates in 1995, describing the proportions who were employed full-time, employed part-time, or not employed (including those seeking employment, those retired, and all others not working). Those who held postdoctoral appointments were included as either full-time employed or part-time employed as appropriate.

  • In 1995, 84 percent of science and engineering doctorates were employed full-time. By field of doctorate, full-time employment rates ranged from a high of 97 percent in computer sciences to a low of 81 percent in psychology (see Table 4 ).

  • Just over 5 percent of the science and engineering doctorates were employed part-time. Part-time employment was highest for psychology doctorates (12 percent) and lowest for doctorates in computer sciences (1 percent).

FIGURE 3. Science and engineering Ph.D.s, by field and employment status, 1995.



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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States 2 EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT Employment Status This chapter presents the employment status of science and engineering doctorates in 1995, describing the proportions who were employed full-time, employed part-time, or not employed (including those seeking employment, those retired, and all others not working). Those who held postdoctoral appointments were included as either full-time employed or part-time employed as appropriate. In 1995, 84 percent of science and engineering doctorates were employed full-time. By field of doctorate, full-time employment rates ranged from a high of 97 percent in computer sciences to a low of 81 percent in psychology (see Table 4 ). Just over 5 percent of the science and engineering doctorates were employed part-time. Part-time employment was highest for psychology doctorates (12 percent) and lowest for doctorates in computer sciences (1 percent). FIGURE 3. Science and engineering Ph.D.s, by field and employment status, 1995.