TABLE 29 Relevance of Most Recent Postdoc to Principal Job for Science and Engineering Ph.D.s, by Selected Field of Doctorate and Years Since Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

Years Since Doctorate and Relevance of Postdoc

All Fields

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Biological Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Total (No.) *

159,400

26,900

16,900

56,900

19,200

13,400

Subject Matter

84.5

77.2

77.0

87.5

92.6

82.0

Specific Skills

72.6

62.1

66.9

75.4

77.2

69.4

Contacts With Colleagues

79.6

72.0

75.6

81.9

86.5

77.4

Use of Equipment

58.4

61.9

56.3

69.5

46.2

52.4

General Approach

90.4

90.0

92.0

91.9

91.8

89.0

5 Years or Less

22,600

3,500

2,000

5,700

3,300

3,700

Subject Matter

90.7

89.1

84.2

90.6

98.2

87.1

Specific Skills

80.3

76.1

74.9

76.7

87.3

79.1

Contacts With Colleagues

86.3

83.2

75.0

86.7

96.5

82.8

Use of Equipment

64.9

76.6

73.3

72.5

49.8

61.3

General Approach

93.1

97.5

93.3

90.5

96.4

91.8

6-10 Years

30,300

4,700

2,800

11,500

3,800

3,100

Subject Matter

89.3

80.7

85.7

92.5

95.5

86.4

Specific Skills

80.9

71.7

80.3

83.0

86.4

79.5

Contacts With Colleagues

85.2

75.8

87.5

88.5

89.2

81.9

Use of Equipment

69.2

69.6

67.5

80.7

57.3

62.4

General Approach

93.0

92.4

95.6

94.5

90.0

95.0

11-15 Years

27,000

3,400

2,200

11,400

3,900

**

Subject Matter

87.1

83.6

77.5

89.8

92.3

**

Specific Skills

75.1

65.6

71.2

78.7

74.4

**

Contacts With Colleagues

81.8

73.4

80.5

83.9

83.4

**

Use of Equipment

62.2

63.5

65.0

72.9

48.7

**

General Approach

91.0

91.9

90.3

93.5

90.6

**

16-20 Years

25,400

3,200

2,900

10,300

3,400

1,500

Subject Matter

82.1

75.3

69.1

86.3

89.7

78.1

Specific Skills

71.1

58.6

65.7

75.1

72.0

64.1

Contacts With Colleagues

77.4

68.1

69.1

81.5

84.4

70.6

Use of Equipment

54.5

61.2

52.0

66.4

38.2

53.2

General Approach

90.4

89.7

92.9

92.5

90.6

86.2

21-25 Years

22,800

4,800

2,800

7,800

1,800

2,100

Subject Matter

77.5

67.6

69.8

83.0

85.7

74.6

Specific Skills

61.0

50.7

54.8

67.2

66.9

44.3

Contacts With Colleagues

72.2

60.7

73.4

75.1

82.8

72.4

Use of Equipment

49.4

52.8

48.5

61.2

39.7

31.5

General Approach

87.8

88.2

89.4

91.7

92.2

79.4

More than 25 Years

26,300

7,400

4,100

10,200

3,000

1,700

Subject Matter

80.0

73.3

77.9

82.1

90.8

77.3

Specific Skills

66.3

56.7

60.6

69.2

70.1

68.4

Contacts With Colleagues

74.6

72.6

71.4

75.1

80.7

68.7

Use of Equipment

49.8

55.5

44.0

61.0

38.0

39.7

General Approach

87.5

85.2

90.8

87.4

91.3

88.0

NOTE: Percentages represent those who said the aspect of postdoc training was “a great deal” or “somewhat” relevant to their principal job.

*Includes those who held at least one postdoc, but whose principal job was not a postdoc in April 1995.

**Too few cases to estimate.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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