TABLE 39 Work or Research Activities Outside the United States by Science and Engineering Ph.D.s Since Earning the Doctorate, by Field of Doctorate, 1995 (in percent)

 

Field of Doctorate

 

All Fields

Computer Sciences

Mathematical Sciences

Chemistry

Physics and Astronomy

Earth/Atmospheric/Marine Sciences

Agricultural/Environmental Sciences

Biological Scien- Sciences

Health Sciences

Social Sciences

Psychology

Engineering

Total Population (No.) *

542,100

6,600

25,100

61,300

38,700

16,500

22,400

109,700

16,900

75,700

82,100

86,900

Conducted Foreign Work/Research

38.4

34.1

39.4

38.2

44.6

59.2

49.5

35.1

29.1

52.0

19.6

40.6

Did Not Conduct Foreign Work/Research

61.6

65.9

60.6

61.8

55.4

40.8

50.5

64.9

70.9

48.0

80.4

59.4

Total Conducting Foreign Work/Research

 

Outside the U.S.

207,900

2,200

9,900

23,400

17,300

9,700

11,100

38,500

4,900

39,400

16,100

35,300

Length of Last Trip

 

Less Than One Week

21.6

21.1

21.0

27.7

19.8

15.0

18.6

19.7

31.5

13.2

24.8

30.2

7 to 30 days

43.1

45.8

38.4

38.9

42.4

54.0

55.0

40.4

42.2

44.7

42.0

42.5

1 to 6 months

18.6

18.9

22.3

14.0

18.9

20.4

12.0

20.3

14.8

26.0

17.0

13.0

More than 6 months

16.7

14.1

18.3

19.3

19.0

10.7

14.4

19.6

11.4

16.1

16.2

14.4

Total Not Conducting Foreign Work/Research

 

Outside the U.S.

334,100

4,300

15,200

37,900

21,400

6,700

11,300

71,300

12,000

36,300

66,000

51,600

Reasons for Not Conducting

 

Work/Research **

 

Not Relevant to Career

38.7

27.4

36.0

41.9

41.0

34.9

28.7

32.9

30.2

42.3

44.7

39.4

No Interest

20.7

21.3

28.1

21.5

20.0

16.7

18.4

19.0

18.7

15.1

25.2

20.3

No Time

35.6

46.8

34.3

28.2

31.6

32.5

33.5

37.9

37.8

37.5

40.7

31.5

Unable to Identify Host Institution

17.3

24.0

20.4

15.3

16.9

18.6

18.4

13.8

21.2

16.7

17.1

21.8

Concerns About Losing Place in Job Market

16.1

17.1

11.9

16.7

19.2

10.1

15.0

17.5

13.6

11.2

17.6

16.5

Unaware of Funding Sources

31.3

39.2

31.0

24.3

28.2

33.8

34.2

29.5

37.8

30.6

35.3

32.2

Lack of Foreign Language Skills

15.5

14.8

13.8

12.8

11.8

12.0

20.4

13.7

17.3

17.3

20.5

13.7

Family-Related Reasons

36.5

41.9

39.8

30.6

34.3

29.7

36.7

41.4

41.5

36.7

39.3

29.7

Other Reasons

10.8

7.6

9.8

12.4

11.4

12.8

15.8

10.1

10.5

12.2

7.5

13.1

NOTE: Numbers are rounded to the nearest hundred; therefore, subcategories may not add to total.

SOURCE: National Research Council/National Science Foundation, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1995.



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