APPENDIX B
1995 SURVEY COVER LETTERS AND QUESTIONNAIRE



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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States APPENDIX B 1995 SURVEY COVER LETTERS AND QUESTIONNAIRE

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States This page in the original is blank.

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States 1995 S&E Advance Letter on NSF Office of the Director Letterhead May 10, 1995 Dr. John Respondent 132 Elm St. Maplewood, PA 15324 Dear Dr. Respondent: In a few days, Dr. Bruce Alberts, Chairman of the National Research Council, will ask you to help with the 1995 Survey of Doctorate Recipients. Since 1973, we have sponsored this important biennial survey of people who earned doctorates in the United States. It helps government, businesses, and academic institutions do a better job of ensuring sufficient numbers of highly educated personnel in a variety of fields. We have asked the National Research Council to conduct this survey for us to take advantage of their experience in issues involving human resources. The letter from Dr. Alberts will explain more about this survey and our reasons for contacting you. I would greatly appreciate your participation in this important effort. Sincerely, Neal Lane Director

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL LETTERHEAD SCIENTISTS & ENGINEERS WAVE 1 LETTER May 17, 1995 Dr. John Respondent 132 Elm St. Maplewood, PA 15324 Dear Dr. Respondent: I am writing to ask for your help with the 1995 Survey of Doctorate Recipients. This is an important biennial study of highly educated and trained persons, sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Energy, and conducted by the National Research Council. You have been chosen for this study as part of a scientifically selected sample of individuals holding doctoral degrees. Your response is needed whether or not you are employed, living in the United States, or working in your field of degree. The results of this study will be used by government and academic institutions to make decisions in such areas as graduate student support and R&D funding; to anticipate surpluses or shortages in personnel; and to study the relationship between graduate education and career outcomes. Results from earlier studies have been used to identify trends in faculty composition, in time spent teaching and doing research, and in characteristics of academic and nonacademic employment. Please complete the enclosed survey form and return it in the postage-paid envelope as soon as possible. The information you provide is voluntary and will be kept strictly confidential. Findings will be reported only in the form of statistical summaries. If you have any questions about the survey, please call 1-(800)-248-8649 between 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. We would be happy to talk with you. Thank you for your help. We look forward to receiving your questionnaire. Sincerely, Bruce Alberts Chairman Enclosure

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States May 1995 A few days ago, we sent you a questionnaire for the 1995 Survey of Doctorate Recipients. If you have already completed and returned it, we thank you very much. The survey will help the federal government and others to ensure a sufficient supply of personnel trained to the doctoral level in a variety of fields. The information you provide is very important to the accuracy and success of the survey. If you have not yet had time to complete the questionnaire, please do so as soon as possible. If you need another copy of the questionnaire, please call toll free between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., EDT, on 1-(800)-248-8649. Sincerely, Susan B. Mitchell Project Director

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL LETTERHEAD SCIENCE & ENGINEERING WAVE 2 LETTER July 12, 1995 Dr. John Respondent 132 Elm St. Maplewood, PA 15324 Dear Dr. Respondent: About 6 weeks ago, we asked you to participate in a nationwide survey of doctorate recipients sponsored by the National Science Foundation. To the best of my knowledge, we have not yet received your completed Survey of Doctorate Recipients questionnaire. In case you did not receive the questionnaire or have misplaced it, we are enclosing a replacement copy. We are writing to you again to stress the significance that your response has for the overall accuracy of the results and the usefulness of the survey. We know that the experiences of people with doctoral degrees vary. To understand these differences, we need your response even if you are retired, not working, or working in a field not related to your doctoral degree. The survey provides timely information for businesses, government, and educational institutions. It helps these groups understand where and in what fields doctorate recipients work and where we should place priorities in a time of limited resources. We want to assure you that federal law requires us to keep your answers confidential. We cannot release information that allows identification of any individual’s answers. We would be happy to talk to you about any questions or concerns you might have about the survey. Please feel free to call a member of my staff toll free between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Eastern Daylight Time, on 1-(800)-248-8649 (or 334-3152 if calling from Washington, D.C.). Sincerely, Susan Mitchell Project Director Enclosure

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States INSTRUCTIONS Thank you for taking the time to complete this questionnaire. Directions for filling it out are provided with each question. Because not all questions will apply to everyone, you may be asked to skip certain questions. In order to get comparable data, we will be asking you to refer to the week of April 15, 1995 (e.g., April 9-15, 1995), when answering most questions. Follow all “SKIP” instructions AFTER marking a box. If no “SKIP” instruction is provided, you should continue to the NEXT question. Either a pen or pencil may be used. When answering questions that require marking a box, please use an “X”. If you need to change an answer, please make sure that your old answer is either completely erased or clearly crossed out. Thanks again for your help, we really appreciate it.

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States JOB CATEGORIES LIST This list is ordered ALPHABETICALLY. The titles in bold type are broad job categories. To make sure you have found the BEST code, please review ALL broad categories before making your choice. If you cannot find the code that BEST describes your job, use the “OTHER” code under the most appropriate broad category in bold print. If none of the codes fit your job, use Code 500. 010 Artists, Broadcasters, Editors, Entertainers, Public Relations Specialists, Writers   Biological/Life Scientists 021 Agricultural and food scientists 022 Biochemists and biophysicists 023 Biological scientists (e.g., botanists, ecologists, zoologists) 024 Forestry, conservation scientists 025 Medical scientists (excluding practitioners) 026 Technologists and technicians in the biological/life sciences 027 OTHER biological/life scientists   Clerical/Administrative Support 031 Accounting clerks, bookkeepers 032 Secretaries, receptionists, typists 033 OTHER administrative (e.g., record clerks, telephone operators) 040 Clergy and Other Religious Workers Computer Occupations   (Also see 173) *** Computer engineers (See 087, 088 under Engineering) 051 Computer programmers (business, scientific, process control) 052 Computer system analysts 053 Computer scientists, except system analysts 054 Information systems scientists or analysts 055 OTHER computer, information science occupations *** Consultants (select the code that comes closest to your usual area of consulting) 070 Counselors, Educational and Vocational   (Also see 236)   Engineers, Architects, Surveyors 081 Architects *** Engineers (Also see 100-103) 082 Aeronautical, aerospace, astronautical engineer 083 Agricultural engineer 084 Bioengineering and biomedical engineer 085 Chemical engineer 086 Civil, including architectural and sanitary engineer *** Engineers (continued) 087 Computer engineer - hardware 088 Computer engineer - software 089 Electrical, electronic engineer 090 Environmental engineer 091 Industrial engineer 092 Marine engineer or naval architect engineer 093 Materials or metallurgical engineer 094 Mechanical engineer 095 Mining or geological engineer 096 Nuclear engineer 097 Petroleum engineer 098 Sales engineer 099 Other engineers *** Engineering Technologists and Technicians 100 Electrical, electronic, industrial, mechanical 101 Drafting occupations, including computer drafting 102 Surveying and mapping 103 OTHER engineering technologists and technicians 104 Surveyors 110 Farmers, Foresters & Fishermen   Health Occupations 111 Diagnosing/Treating Practitioners (e.g., dentists, optometrists, physicians, psychiatrists, podiatrists, surgeons, veterinarians) 112 Registered nurses, pharmacists, dieticians, therapists, physician assistants 236 Psychologists, including clinical 113 Health Technologists & Technicians (e.g., dental hygienists, health record technologists/technicians, licensed practical nurses, medical or laboratory technicians, radiologic technologists/technicians) 114 OTHER health occupations 120 Lawyers, Judges 130 Librarians, Archivists, Curators Managers, Executives, Administrators   (Also see 151-153) 141 Top and mid-level managers, executives, administrators (people who manage other managers) *** All other managers, including the self-employed - Select the code that comes closest to the field you manage

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Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States   Management-Related Occupations   (Also see 141) 151 Accountants, auditors, and other financial specialists 152 Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists 153 OTHER management related occupations   Mathematical Scientists 171 Actuaries 172 Mathematicians 173 Operations research analysts, modeling 174 Statisticians 175 Technologists and technicians in the mathematical sciences 176 OTHER mathematical scientists   Physical Scientists 191 Astronomers 192 Atmospheric and space scientists 193 Chemists, except biochemists 194 Geologists, including earth scientists 195 Oceanographers 196 Physicists 197 Technologists and technicians in the physical sciences 198 OTHER physical scientists *** Research Associates/Assistants   (Select the code that comes closest to your field)   Sales and Marketing 200 Insurance, securities, real estate, and business services 201 Sales Occupations - Commodities Except Retail (e.g., industrial machinery/equipment/supplies, medical and dental equipment/supplies) 202 Sales Occupations - Retail (e.g., furnishings, clothing, motor vehicles, cosmetics) 203 OTHER marketing and sales occupations   Service Occupations, Except Health   (Also see 111-114) 221 Food Preparation and Service (e.g., cooks, waitresses, bartenders) 222 Protective services (e.g., fire fighters, police, guards) 223 OTHER service occupations, except health   Social Scientists 231 Anthropologists 232 Economists 233 Historians, science and technology 234 Historians, except science and technology 235 Political scientists 236 Psychologists, including clinical (Also see 070) 237 Sociologists 238 OTHER social scientists 240 Social Workers   Teachers/Professors 251 Pre-Kindergarten and kindergarten 252 Elementary 253 Secondary - computer, math, or sciences 254 Secondary - social sciences 255 Secondary - other subjects 256 Special education - primary and secondary 257 OTHER precollegiate area *** Postsecondary 271 Agriculture 272 Art, Drama, and Music 273 Biological Sciences 274 Business Commerce and Marketing 275 Chemistry 276 Computer Science 277 Earth, Environmental, and Marine Science 278 Economics 279 Education 280 Engineering 281 English 282 Foreign Language 283 History 284 Home Economics 285 Law 286 Mathematical Sciences 287 Medical Science 288 Physical Education 289 Physics 290 Political Science 291 Psychology 292 Social Work 293 Sociology 294 Theology 295 Trade and Industrial 296 OTHER health specialties 297 OTHER natural sciences 298 OTHER social sciences 299 OTHER Postsecondary   Other Professions 401 Construction trades, miners and well drillers 402 Mechanics and repairers 403 Precision/production occupations (e.g., metal workers, woodworkers, butchers, bakers, printing occupations, tailors, shoemakers, photographic process) 404 Operators and related occupations (e.g., machine set-up, machine operators and tenders, fabricators, assemblers) 405 Transportation/material moving occupations 500 Other Occupations (Not Listed)

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