gies can be adopted directly. Efficient, modular, combinedcycle turbine technology for energy generation and computer numerically controlled machine tools for high quality manufacturing are good examples of potential leapfrogging technologies. The national symposium will be encouraged to select sentinel enterprises where the potential for leapfrogging exists and thus point the way to appropriate opportunities.

Adoption of a standard knowledge assessment methodology will also enable the World Bank to make comparisons among countries emphasizing the knowledge factor important to modern commerce and industry. A method for displaying the elements of the National Knowledge System which lends itself to international comparisons is presented in this report.

Perhaps the greatest benefit from a participatory process like knowledge assessment is the creation or strengthening of a national constituency for innovation, for better access to information, stronger institutions that promote assimilation of knowledge, and a climate that promotes diffusion and expanded utilization of knowledge for industry and society.

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