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V11 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION TRENDS IN DOCTORATE RECIPIENTS Continued but Slowing Increase in Research Doctorate Awards Rate of Growth Trends in Baccalaureate, Master's, and Doctorate Degrees Doctorates per Institution Field of Doctorate Science and Engineering Fields Humanities, Education, and Professional Fields Gender Gender by Field Race/Ethnicity Race by Field Citizenship Country of Citizenship Institutions Citizenship by Field Time to Degree Financial Support Postgraduation Status and Plans Tables APPENDIXES A The Seven Basic Tables, 1996 B Trend Tables, 1986-1996 C TechnicaINotes D Survey of Earned Doctorates Questionnaire, 1995-96 Page 1 3 3 6 7 9 11 13 15 16 18 19 19 22 24 27 33 59 61 89 99 107
OCR for page R9
· . . V111 LIST OF FIGURES 3 4 6 7 14 15 Doctorates awarded by U.S. colleges and universities, 1956-1996 Annual growth or decline in doctorates awarded by U.S. colleges and universities, 1957-1996 Mean number of doctorates awarded by U.S. colleges and universities per institution, 1961-1996 Science and engineering doctorates awarded by broad field, 1966-1996 Education, humanities, and professional/other doctorates awarded by broad field, 1966-1996 Doctorate recipients, total and by gender, 1966-1996 Percentage of doctorates Tom U.S. colleges and universities earned by women, 1921-1996 ~U.S. citizen doctorate recipients, total and by gender, 1976-1996 9 Number of female doctorate recipients,by field, 1986, 1991, 1996 10 Minority Ph.D.s among U.S. citizens, by race/ethnicity, 1976-1996 1 Percentage of doctorates earned by U.S. minorities, 1976 and 1996 12 Percentage of doctorates earned by U.S. minorities, by broad field, 1996 13 Doctorate recipients by citizenship status, 1966-1996 Percentage of Ph.D.s who are permanent residents, by country of citizenship, 1990-1996 Leading countries of origin of non-U.S. citizen doctorate recipients, 1990-1996 Number of doctorate recipients by citizenship status and broad field, 1986, 1991, 1996 Percentage of doctorates earned by U.S. and non-U.S. citizens, by broad field, 1986, 1991, 1996 Median years to doctorate from baccalaureate award, 1971-1996 Median years to doctorate from baccalaureate award, by broad field, 1996 Primary sources of financial support for doctorate recipients, all fields, 1996 Primary sources of Uncial support for doctorate recipients, by broad field, 1996 Percentage of Ph.D.s with debt, total and by broad field, 1996 Percentage of Ph.D.s with deplete commitments for employment or study, or seeking employment or study for selected years, 1976-1996 Percentage of doctorate recipients with postgraduation commitments, by employment or study for selected years, 1976-1996 Percentage of non-U.S. citizen doctorate recipients with definite plans to remain in the United States after graduation, by visa status for selected years, 1976-1996 22 23 24 25 26 Employment sector of doctorate recipients with postgraduation commitments in the United States for selected years, 1976-1996 (U.S. citizens and permanent residents) Page 4 4 8 8 9 10 11 12 14 14 15 17 17 18 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 31