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THE GROWTH OF WORLD POPULATION



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The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training THE GROWTH OF WORLD POPULATION

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The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training The Growth of World Population Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE AND PUBLIC POLICY NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Publication 1091 NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES—NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL Washington, D.C., 1963

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The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training Library of Congress Card Catalog Number 63–60059

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The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training The problem of uncontrolled population growth emerges as one of the most critical issues of our time since it influences the welfare and happiness of all the world’s citizens. It commands the attention of every nation and society; the problem is no less grave for the technically advanced nations than for the less developed. If we are to meet this challenge, we must make use of the knowledge that science and technology can bring to bear on the social, cultural, and bio-medical questions involved. I hope that this report of the Committee on Science and Public Policy of the National Academy of Sciences will serve as a stimulus to thought and action. It is addressed not only to other scientists but to people generally, since all must bear the ultimate responsibility. Frederick Seitz, President National Academy of Sciences Washington, D.C. April, 1963

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The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training Panel on Population Problems William D.McElroy, CHAIRMAN, The Johns Hopkins University Willard Allen, The Washington University Bernard Berelson, The Population Council Ansley Coale, Princeton University Harold Dorn, National Institutes of Health Clement L.Markert, The Johns Hopkins University Warren Nelson, The Population Council Albert Tyler, California Institute of Technology Committee on Science and Public Policy George B.Kistiakowsky, CHAIRMAN, Harvard University Philip H.Abelson, Carnegie Institution of Washington Lawrence R.Blinks, Stanford University H.W.Bode, Bell Telephone Laboratories Frank Brink, Jr., The Rockefeller Institute Melvin Calvin, University of California Leo Goldberg, Harvard University A.L.Lehninger, The Johns Hopkins University Donald B.Lindsley, University of California Saunders Mac Lane, University of Chicago William W.Rubey, University of California H.L.Shapiro, American Museum of Natural History Richard E.Shope, The Rockefeller Institute T.M.Sonneborn, Indiana University Alvin M.Weinberg, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Robert E.Green, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, National Academy of Sciences The Committee acknowledges with gratitude financial support by The Population Council. It also expresses its appreciation of the assistance of Robert Hume, publications editor of the Academy-Research Council.

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The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training Foreword The Committee on Science and Public Policy of the National Academy of Sciences, aware of the increasing public concern over the effects of uncontrolled population growth, brought together in the fall of 1962 a panel of distinguished scientists to review and summarize the findings of others on population growth and its consequences. In the report that follows, the panel has analyzed and evaluated the existing situation, identified the immediately critical problems, and suggested a course of action. Because of the nature of the problem, the report deals not only with its bio-medical aspects but with social and economic factors as well. A reading of the report leaves no doubt about the importance and urgency of the subject. Here as elsewhere science and technology can play a major role in the realization of human expectations of future improvement. On behalf of the National Academy of Sciences and members of the panel, the Committee on Science and Public Policy presents this report to the public with the hope that it will contribute to a broader understanding of the consequences of rapid population growth and, through a recommended course of action, to its eventual control. George B.Kistiakowsky, Chairman Committee on Science and Public Policy

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