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I [Level and Porno of Support
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This part of our report is devoted to description of the sources, levels, and forms of support of research and higher education in the mathematical sciences by the federal government and by private foundations. There will be some discussion of industrial laboratories, but no attempt will be made to assess quantitatively the contribu- tions by industry or by the universities. The overwhelming portion of the support considered here has its source in the federal government. The objectives of this support range widely from the immediate results sought by the supporting agency to the maintenance of lines of communication with leading mathematicians, so that potential applications of mathematics to agency problems will continue to be identified and exploited as early as possible. Although the National Science Foundation is not ordinarily thought of as a mission-oriented agency, its direct mission of supporting the advance of the main lines of scientific research as developed within the mathematical sciences is actually the most vital science mission of all. Appropriate forms of support must accomodate themselves to a variety of objectives, to the varying relations between supply and demand of research manpower, and to the size and structure of the science activities in educational institutions.