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OCR for page R11
Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 SENSITIVITY OF THE SPACE PROGRAM TO WEATHER ELEMENTS Historical Perspective, 10 Weather Factors Important for Space Operations, 12 Climatology of Critical Weather Elements, 16 1 9 2 ORGANIZATION OF WEATHER SUPPORT SERVICES 20 Weather Observations, 22 Weather Analysis and Forecasting, 24 Applied Research, 25 3 OBSERVING SYSTEMS Upper-air Soundings, 28 Boundary Layer and Surface Weather, 30 Precipitation, 32 Lightning, 33 Cloud Electric Fields, 35 Other Weather Elements, 35 4 ANAI,YSIS AND FORECASTING SYSTEMS Data Acquisition and Display, 38 X1 27 37
OCR for page R12
Local Objective Analyses, 39 Interactive Forecast Systems, 40 Mesoscale Forecast Models, 41 IMPLEMENTATION OF APPLIED RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND TRAINING, AND EXPERIMENTAL FORECASTING Applied Research and Forecast Facility (ARFF), 44 Observing Systems and Technique Development (OSTD), 48 Forecaster Education and Training, 49 Cooperative Applied Meteorology Program (CAMP), 49 Weather Support Advisory Committee, 51 APPENDIXES A Letter from NASA to the Academy Requesting Establishment of Pane! B List of Attendees and Participants C Recommendations from the Report of the Space Shuttle Weather Forecasting Advisory Pane! D Proposed Weather Factors Governing Launch Commit Criteria and Flight Rules ·- X11 43 55 57 59 62