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DOCTORATES CONFERRED INT THE SCIENCES BY AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES 1928-1929 COMPILED FOR THE RESEARCH INFORMATION SERVICE NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL BY CALLIE HULL AND CLARENCE I. WEST This is the tenth year in which the Research Information Service has compiled the information concerning doctorates conferred in the sciences by American universities. Statistics before ~g~g-~o are those taken from reports of other compilers. It is interesting to see the steady increase in the number of doctorates each year from 330 in 1919-20 to 1025 in 19~8-~9. In the first list compiled by the Research Information Service thirty-one universities reported. In the present list there are sixty-one universities. These additional ones have been included from time to time as the attention of TABLE I DOCTORATES CONFERRED Chemistry .... Psychology ~ . . Physics . . Zoology Botany . . Mathematics Geology .... Physiology . . ~ . rtnglneerlng Pathology . . Agriculture Bacteriology Anatomy .... Public Health Anthropology Geography . . Astronomy . . Metallurgy . . Archaeology Meteorology Paleontology Mineralogy Totals 20 2 I ACCORDING 2 3 4 o o o o IOOI34 3826 2028 3837 4930 I9I6 I7II I38 63 3I 83 7I9 34 . . 4 5 5 2 o o o o 922 I50 32 57 39 37 20 22 IS 4 27 9 IS s . . o 3 4 I o 2 I o 330 336 455 TO S UBJECT S ,23 I85 46 54 45 64 28 34 20 5 21 IO 32 IO . . 3 7 6 2 o o 2 I 924 25I 5r 58 42 57 32 4I I7 s I2 II I2 5 . . 3 3 7 o o 2 I 575 61 I 252627'28,29 2502572702783IO S I607466I I2 59769278roI 7r55708991 6969536r76 244746446r 2527423S4S 1743352837 2I IIO2834 54I63I27 I6I9I93I27 202 I202926 4III3rrrS .344r5 2535I3 I3I II47I2 37938 3IO4I38 OOOO2 OOOO2 I7OIa 442O~ 640748796842IO25

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TABLE II DOCTORATES CONFERRED ACCORDING TO UNIVERSITIES '2 T '22 42 61 IS 32 21 28 26 3I 33 36 I6 I6 22 24 8 Is 27 22 25 HI 7 I2 7 20 I9 28 Chicago .............. Wisconsin ............. Johns Hopkins ........ Columbia ............. Cornell .............. Minnesota ........... California .................. Ohio State ................. Yale ............... Harvard ................... Iowa .............. Michigan .................. Illinois .............. Iowa State ........... Stanford ............. Princeton ............ Pennsylvania ............... Calif. Inst. Tech... Mass. Inst. Tech.. Cincinnati New York . Clark ..... Kansas . . . Indiana .... Fordham . . . Maryland . . Pittsburgh Washington Brown ..... Texas ..................... Washington Univ., St. Louis. Catholic ................... Michigan State ............. George Washington ......... Northwestern .............. Virginia ................... Duke .... Nebraska Rice ..... Rutgers . . Colorado Missouri ................... North Carolina ............. Pennsylvania State ......... Rensselaer ................. Western Reserve ........... N. Y. State Col. Forestry.... Radcliffe .... St. Louis .. American . . . Bryn Mawr . Georgetown Mass. Agric. Notre Dame ................ Syracuse . . . Tulane .... Arizona .... Boston ...... Marquette . . . Oregon ..... Purdue .... Rochester . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........... . . ~ . . , . . , . . ................ Totals 4 5 IO 8 5 5 I O 8 7 2 2 2 4 4 6 I I 5 I I O I I 2 2 0 0 a 4 0 0 3 3 I I 0 0 9 2 0 0 I O . . O 4 I I 7 I2 9 2 8 5 3 6 o 3 2 o 7 2 3 o o o 8 7 2 ,23 7I 44 58 58 4I I7 27 2I 34 3I I2 IS 33 . . 8 9 8 o II 3 IO 8 2 5 2 o 7 o 3 I 8 I o IS 2 I '24 75 4I 44 57 60 23 20 20 22 35 I6 25 20 9 I4 I7 I2 9 I8 4 2 3 2 5 o I I 3 o 2 3 o 6 3 . . 5 I '25 59 64 36 SI 39 23 3I 33 4I 25 I9 I5 32 I2 I5 IS I2 8 I8 7 6 4 8 2 5 8 3 8 o o 3 I 6 2 s . . 7 2 . . I 4 o . . I 2 I 2 O I I O 2 I o 2 3 2 I O I I O . . o S I 2 I ,26 '27 78 86 53 55 5 44 49 62 43 62 30 29 38 42 25 30 38 34 35 42 28 24 32 30 44 3I I4 I3 I7 I7 I2 I8 I4 27 IS 8 I3 I8 8 5 7 4 7 7 8 8 7 5 2 I 6 3 7 II I I 4 4 I 3 5 7 6 5 4 2 4 4 4 6 S 8 . . . 2 I 3 I 7 3 I 2 . . 2 .. .. - 3 I 2 . . 2 o . . O I 0 0 O 2 0 0 _ , _ _ __ _ _ _ 330 336 455 575 6I I 640 748 796 (2) I 2 2 3 4 '28 7O 60 56 46 67 4I 37 25 38 33 32 52 36 26 I7 I7 I8 I8 I3 I II s 5 8 2 6 I3 5 5 o 2 8 2 2 8 3 . . 3 3 9 3 2 4 4 7 . . 2 I 3 3 o '29 99 66 62 6I 60 53 5O 48 47 4O 38 38 34 28 26 25 24 22 20 I4 13 II IO 9 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 6 6 s s s 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 I I I I I I I o o o o o o .. .. OI 00 32 I2 IO 00 I 0 I 3 ~ _ 842 I 025

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Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West 3 the compilers was called to the fact that the institutions granted doc- torates. In many cases the information for previous years was not given, so that the statistics for these are not complete. The list of subjects has been kept as it was in order that the statistics might have some comparative value. It has been necessary, however, to add Public Health, as scattering the theses of Doctors of Public Health throughout the compilation gave no indication of the work in this field. The Registrars and Deans of the universities have cooperated in a most gracious way, and the Research Information Service wishes to express appreciation at this time. Since ~926 the compilations have appeared in the Reprint and Cir- cular Series of the National Research Council (Numbers 75? 80 and 86~. Before that time they were published in Science and in School and Society. AGRICULTURE Illinois: ARTHUR CHESTER DAHLBERG, Variations in the creaming of raw milk and their influence during pasteurization." FRANI; ALFRED GOUGLER, " The marketing of Illinois eggs with special reference to factors influencing quality." HERBERT ARTHUR LUNT, " The vertical distribution of total and exchangeable calcium and magnesium in relation to the acidity of some Illinois soils under various treatments." WILLIAM REYNOLDS PADEN, " Erect of crop succession and soil type upon the number and activity of micro- organisms in two types of soils. FRANK PAUL SANMANN, Some factors influencing the volume of foam on milk." Cods VEATCH, " Vigor in soybeans as affected by hybridity and inhibition of pubescence." Iowa State College: HARRY HUMFELD, "The determination of the availability of certain plant food constituents by electrodialysis." M. R. IRWIN, " The inheritance of resistance to the danysz bacillus in the rat. MERLE TRUMAN JENKINS, Correlation studies with inbred and crossbred strains of maize. ELBERT BRUNNER REY- NOLDS, " A chemical and microbiological study of lufkin fine type sandy loam in relation to productiveness. MAYNARD GOLDMAN SNELL, " Specific effects of feeding different amounts of potassium iodide and salt on the character of word nrr~rl',~tinn mf hr~;~^ ewes and their lambs." ~ ~- rip ~^ ~ -~1~ Maryland: G. HAINES' MA study of fertility and related conditions in the guinea pig." A. F. MASON, " A physiological study of the effects of different nitrogen carriers on the nitrogen nutrition of orchard plants." Ad. H. UPSEALL. 'C The propagation of apples by means of root cuttings."

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4 Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West Michigan State College: fOEN FRANKLIN FONDER, The effect of soil type upon the calcium and magnesium content and other physi- ological characters of several important legumes." CHARLES EDWIN KELLOGG, " A study of the profiles of the soils in Bayfield County, Wisconsin." LAWRENCE C. KAPP, " The approximate size of soil particles at which the heat of wetting is manifested and its use in differentiating colloidal from non-colloidal soil material." iAMES TYSON, " The influence of soil conditions and fertilizer treatments on the growth, chemical composition, and enzyme activities of sugar beets." Ohio State: LILBURN ALLEN, " The relation between the fineness of limestone and its rate of solution, III. EARL ELMER BARNES, " A method for determining size-frequency distribution in the silt and clay separates of soils. FREDERICK J. SALTER, The carbon- nitrogen ratio in relation to the accumulation of organic matter in soils. RALPH ARCHIBALD INGALLS, ' Relation of H ion on concen- tration of plant tissue fluids to the distribution of iron and its ability to function in plants." ALWYN C. SESSIONS, " The effect of culture solutions on growth and nitrogen fractions of oat plants at different stages of their development.? ARTHUR L. STAHL, " The absorption of nitrogen, the forms PHI+ and NO3- by plants in solution cultures." Wisconsin: MARION CONNER FORD, Distribution, solubitlity and nature of the phosphates in certain Kentucky soils." ALVIN REES MIDGELEY, " Movement, fixation and availability of phosphates in relation to permanent pasture fertilization." BYRON HENRY THOMAS, " A comparison of certain cereals and cereal by-products in the production of rickets." ANATOMY Chicago: NORMAND Louts HOERR, The cells of the suprarenal cortex in the guinea pig, their reaction to injury and their replacement." YU TAO LOO, " On projection fibres on the forebrain of the Vir- ginian opossum. JOSEPH ELDRIDGE MARKEE, Some specific vas- cular changes in the uterus of mammals." EMORY ROSS STRAUSER, " On the relation of changes in blood coagulability to protein shock." Kansas: DAVID SCHULTZ PANKRATZ, " The cranial nerve components of the toadfish (Opsanus tau)." Michigan: JOSEPH MAGEE MURRAY, A study of the histological structure of mouse ovaries, following exposure to Roentgen ray irradiation." ESTHER BLICK SANDERS, " A consideration of certain bulbar, midbrain and cerebellar centers and fiber tracts in birds."

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Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West 5 Minnesota: DONALD DUNCAN, " Studies of degeneration in the periph- eral nerves of normal mammals." KEENE OLIVER HALDEMAN, " The role of bone marrow in the formation of bile pigment." SIEGFRIED F. HERMANN, Experimental considerations of prob- lems ire peritonitis." rOHN ARNOLD URGER, '` The effect of vitamin E deficiency upon intrauterine development and the changes in the mammary gland of the albino rat." Northwestern: LESLIE WILLARD DOWD, " The development of the dentate nucleus in the pig." Washington University (St. Louis): CECIL MARVIN CHARLES, The cavum nasi of the American negro." Yale: ERNEST VAN CAMPENHOUT, The problem of the origin and development of the sympathetic nervous system." WILLIAM MATETAS SHANKLIN, " The central nervous system of Chameleon ~~lgaris." ANTHROPOLOGY Califc rnia: RONALD LEROY OLSON, " Unilateral institutions in native North America." Chicago: WILTON MARION KROGMAN, A study of growth changes in the skull and face of anthropoids with reference to man." PAUL SIDNEY MARTIN, " The kiva, a survival of an ancient house type." ROBERT REDFIELD, " A plan for the study of Tepoztlan, Mexico." Columbia: ISAP,EL GORDON CARTER, ' Reduction of variability in an in- bred population. THERESA MAYER DURLACH, ' The relationship systems of the Tlingit, Haida arid Tsimshian." ERNA GUNTHER, " A further analysis of the first Salmon ceremony." MARGARET MEAD, "An inquiry into the question of cultural stability in Polynesia. RUTH OTIS SAWTEEE, Ossification and growth of chil- dren from one to eight years of age." ERICH SCHMIDT, " Time-rela- tions of prehistoric pottery types of southern Arizona." Harvard: ARTHUR RANDOLPH KELLY, The physical anthropology of a Mexican population in Texas: A study in race mixture." GEORGE DEE WILLIAMS, Race mixture in Yucatan. FREDERICK ROELKER Wu~s~N, " Cultural development in the Shari Basin: A study in African archaeology." ARCHEOLOGY Johns Hopkins: GEORGE EMMANUEL MYLONAS, The neolithic settle- ment at Olynthus. HELEN H. TANZER, The common people of Pompeii: A study of the Graffiti."

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6 Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West ASTRONOMY California: Louts BERMAN-, "A spectrophotometric study of certain planetary nebula." CHARLES .lOH~ KRIEGER, " A determination of magnitudes, spectral types, and color indices in the Sc?/ltu~t cloud." HARRISON S HEPLER MENDENHALL, A spectrographic study of Beta Cephei. NORMAN WYMAN STORER, A photometric study of the continuous spectra of giant and dwarf stars." Chicago: Yu CHE CHANG, A study of the orientation of the orbit- planes of sixteen visual binary systems having determinate incli- nations." Michigan: MARIAN ALBERTA HAWKS, A study of the variation in wave length of individual lines, with spectral class from F to K." LAURA ELIZABETH HILL MCLAUGHLIN, A micro-photometric study o f the spectrum o f Beta Lyrae. FRANCES LOUISE SEYDEL, " A study of the spectrum and orbit of Upsilon Sagittarii." BACTERIOLOGY California: OSCAR BROWN TVILLIAMS, " Studies on the heat resistance of bacterial spores." Chicago: JANET MACFARLANE BOURN, Incidence of Pfeiffer s bacil- lus in throats during epidemic and interepidemic periods in Chicago.'' GEORGE WILLIAM STUPPY, The production and prevention of pneumonia and other pneumococcus infections. Experiments on the rabbit and on monkeys (~acac~ts rhesus and Cebus cap?'cinus)." ADA H EI~IZABETE VERDER, Effect of diets deficient in vitamin A or B on resistance to paratyphoid-enteritidis organisms." Columbia: HELEN PURDY BEALE, Immunologic reactions with tobacco mosaic virus. RICHARD WARNER LINTON, Mobilization and transfer of clasmatocytes." Cornell: GEORGES ABDALLAH K~-AYSI, The cytology and micrm chemistry of mycobacterium tuberculosis. CARL SEVERIN PEDRR- SON, " A study of the organisms of spoiled tomato products." RUTH ALICE BOAK, " The etiology and diagnosis of undulant fever in the United States." Iowa State College: NORMAN SHIRLEY GOLDING, Some factors affecting the growth of Penicilli?~'n roq?'efortii in cheese." HAROLD MACY, " Some of the factors influencing the growth of molds in butter." DANIEL HANS NELSON, " I. Some effects of manganese sulphate and manganese chloride on Vitrification. II. The isolation of some Vitrifying organisms." VISHRAM HARI PATIL, " Pro- teolysis by Streptococcus lactis.''

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Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull arid Blest ~ Kansas: Louts H. BALLY, " Studies in experimental anaphylaxis." CLARA NIGG, Studies on isohemagglutination. Massachusetts Institute of Technolo~v: - PHILIP KNIGHT BATES " Factors affecting the growth of surface colonies of bacteria." Ohio State: WILLIAM CARL BEAVER, A study of the thermophilic and thermotolerant organisms, including their role in nature and a key for their classification." Pennsylvania: MARGARET MAY DIEHM, A study on the nature of ' pin-point ' colonies in raw and pasteurized milk." MARY JARDINE EVANS, " A study ore Hemophilus inl57uenzae." Stanford: PAUL tAY BEARD, " Studies on the adaptation of the bac- teriophage." Washington: ERNEST CLE3IENT ANGST, ' Some new agar-digesting bacteria." Wisconsin: HUGH R. STILES, " Studies in fermentation." Yale: PHILIP BISHO{P COWLES, " Cellulose decomposition by anaerobic bacteria. FREDERICK NVILLIAM FABIAN, ' The influence of cations upon bacterial viability at various hydrogen ion concentrations." TAMES EVERARD FULLER, The influence of combined nitrogen on the growth and nitrogen fixation of azotobacter." EDWARD WIN_ FIELD 1MORRISON, " Selected properties and responses of bacterial spores." BOTANY California: LUTHER DENT DAVIS, " Some carbohydrate and nitro gen constituents of alternate bearing sugar prunes associated with fruit-bud formation. GEORGE HOWELL HARRIS, Studies on tree root activities, root respiration and some factors which influence it." EDNA LILLIAN IIOLLINGSHEAD, A lethal factor in Crepis effec- tive only in an interspecific hybrid. HELEN RUTH MONOSMITE, " An investigation of the histological development and inheritance of male sterility in a clone of ~llliuv~ cepa L." MICHAEL S. NAVASHIN, " Chromatin mass and cell volumes in related species." IRMA WEBBER, " Pleistocene woods from the coast of California." Catholic: DIARY JOSEPH THERESE GEIGER, A study of the origin and development of the cormlet of gladiolus." Chicago: BERTRA M DONALD BARCLAY, The origin and development of tissues in the stem of Selag:nella wile Bak." DORR RAY- MOND BARTOO, " Origin and development of tissues in root of Schizoea rupe*tr?s. HARRY FRANK CLEME.NTS, HOUr1Y varia- tions in the carbohydrate content of leaves and petioles." DOROTHY GLADSTONE DOWNIE, " Male gametophyte of 1~qcrocycas caloco~a."

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Doctorates Conferred ire the Sciences: Hail and West HARRIET GEORGE, " Studies in the germination of the seeds of native herbaceous plants. ARTHUR RICKENBAUGH GERHART, Respira- tion in strawberry fruits. CONSTANCE ENDICOTT HARTT, Potas- sium deficiency in sugar carte. HARRY COLSON HEATH, The use of potash shale from Cartersville, Georgia, as a source of potassium for growing plants." M. DORISSE HOWE, " The origin of the ad- ventitious root, leaf and secondary root of Cerato pteris thalic- froides. KATHLEEN- LOUISE HULE, Studies in resistance and susceptibility of Zen quays L. to Puccini sorghi Schw. physiologic form I. MARION ALVIN iOHNSON, Origin and development of tissues in the stem of Equisetu??t scirpo~d es. WARD L. MIELER, The staminate flower of Echinocystis lobata. EDITH STEVENS, " Some cytological features of the life hi~torv of (~n.~.o.c~'r'~qrM.q'~. . . . . it. .1 ~v~v~vperq--v~rgt~v~anae. Cincinnati: JOH N GUSTAV SEGELKEN, The plant ecology of the Hazelwood Botanical Preserve. RODERICK SPRAGUE, A study of some leguminous ~scochv~rt~.'' Columbia: WALTER SAMUEL ElSENMENGER, Toxicity, additive ef- fects and antagonism of salt solutions as indicated by growth of wheat roots. ALBERT ED\VIN HITCHCOCK, Eft ect of peat moss and sand on rooting response of cuttings." WILLARD MERRITT PORTERFIELD, fR., A study of the grand period of growth in bamboo. ROGER P. WODEHOUSE, ' The phylogenetic value of pol- len-grain characters." Cornell: CHESTER ARTHUR ARNOLD, The genus Callixylon from the upper devonian of central and western New York." PAUL RUFUS BURKHOLDER, " Studies in the phytoplankton of the Cayuga Lake Basin. GEORGE GORDON SHOE, A preliminary study of the in- heritance of certain morphological characters." EDWIN ROBERT PARKER, " Variations in yield of fruit trees in relation to the plan of a future experiment." Harvard: JOHN MILTON FOGG, iR., " The flora of the Elizabeth Islands, Massachusetts. WELLINGTON SHANG HSU, "A reexamina- tion of the Cratc'ugo,aespili. WILLIAM HAYES SAWYER, JR., Studies on the Ento1~0phtho,cacew. FREDERICK KROEBER SPAR ROW, iR., "A comparative study of certain species of Pythiu77n".'' Illinois: VICTOR WENDELL KEELEY, The effect of certain hydrocar- bon oils on the respiration of foliage and dormant twigs of the apple (Pyres Talus). MATHI:LDE HANNAH KRENZ, Tem- perature change as affecting respiration in plants." WALTER HERMAN MICEAELS, Respiration of the shoot as affected by temperature changes on the root." ~ ~..v~~r~ wev~vvv~v

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Doctorates Conferred ill the Sciences: Hull and West g Iowa State College: THOMAS STEPHEN BUIE, Fruiting habit of the cotton plant. ARTHUR HAM NER EDDINS, Pathogenicity and cul- tural behavior of Ustilago zeal from different localities." ROBERT GATLIN REEVES, " A morphological and cytological study of the early stages of sexual reproduction in alfalfa." RALPH THOMAS STEWART, " Inheritance of certain seed-coat color in soybeans (;Soja maxi." Johns Hopkins: PAUL ACQUARONE, " Studies in the M?~sc~cea~. II. The anatomy of the root, and its bearing on the relationship of the genera." Maryland: A. J. MOYER, " Studies of the growth responses of fungi to boron, manganese and zinc." M. N. POPE, " Catalase activity in relation to the growth curve of barley." C. L. SMITH, " A com- parative study of respiratory responses in vegetables after periods of cold storage." Massachusetts Agricultural College: CLARENCE CORNELIUS V]:~r- CENT, " A study of the results of crossing varieties of apples." Michigan: JOHN EUGENE SASS " The cytological basis for homo- thallism and ~eterothallism in the ~gar~cacece." THOMAS Escrow WETER, " A comparison of the meiotic prophases in Oenothera lamarckiana and Oenothera hooker)." Michigan State College: GUY WEBB ADRIANCE, Factors influenc- ing fruit in the pecan. EDGAR CECIL TULLIS, " Study on the epidemiology of the fire blight." Minnesota: HOWARD WILFRED JOHNSoN, Storage roots of the Jerusalem artichoke." ARTHUR NOBLE WILCOX, " Tonne factors influencing the longevity and viability of pollen." Missouri: WENDEL RUSSELL TASCHER, Effects of X-ray treatments on the seeds of certain crop plants." Nebraska: WILLIAM EDWARD BRUNER, Structure of the vegetation of Oklahoma. THEODORE LINDSAY STEIGER, Structure of prairie vegetation." New York State College of Forestry: HARVEY JON N MACALONEY, "The white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi Peck) its biology and control." Ohio State: HELEN JEAN BROWN, The green algal of the coastal plain region of the United States. ESTHER MARTHA MITCHELE, A microchemical study of hemicelluloses of endosperms and cotyle- dons." Pennsylvania: Wry CHRISTIAN LE VAN, The effect of metals on the respiration of Lupine b?is."

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To Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West Stanford: Was PIERRE DURUZ, " Coryneum of apricots and its control. BERT ALEXANDER RUDOLPH, Verticili?~,n hcz~ro~nycos~s. ETHEL IDA SANEORN, The Hepaticce and Anthocerotes of western Oregon." Washington: LENA ARMSTRONG HARTGE, Nereocystis. Washington University (St. Louis): EVERETT FO&G DARTS, Some chemical and physiological studies on the nature and transmission of infectious chlorosis in variegated plants. MILDRED ESTHER ~LIATHIAS, " A monograph of Cy~i:opterus including a critical study of related genera. ROBERT EVERARD WOODSON, A critical study of the ~pocynoide~.'' Wisconsin: HERBERT SPENCER JACKsON, " Present evolutionary ten- dencies and the origin of life cycles in the Uredinales.', RUTH HUTCHINSON LINDSAY, ' The chromosomes of some dioecious ~4ngiosper~ns. ELIZABETH FLORENCE MCCOY, A cytological and histological study of the root nodules of the bean, Phc~seolus zrul- gar~s L. ELAI NE MARGARET YOU NG, Physiological and cyto- logical studies in Monascus." Yale: PERCY MUNSON BARR, '` The effect of soil moisture on the estate lishment of spruce reproduction in British Columbia." ALBERT ATKINSON DUNLAP, Physiological effects of virus diseases upon certain seed plants." RUSH PORTER MARSHALL, " Some effects of the season of wounding on callus-formation of tree wounds." WALTER HUBER MEYER, D~an~eter distribution in even-aged forest stands. WALLACE EARL WHITE, Natural reproduction of white pine in Cheshire County, New Hampshire." GEORGE LORENZO INGRAM ZUNDEL, Taxonomic studies of the Ustilag~nales. CHEMISTRY Brown: CECIL LANGFORD BROWN, " The preparation and properties of the diphenyl germanyl group. HARRY EATOUGH, Reactions of triphenyl tin and of triphenyl silicon derivatives." Elves FREEMAN PARMENTER, A study of the oxides of potassium. JOHN ADRIAN RIDDERHOF, " A liquid ammonia calorimeter and some heats of reaction in liquid ammonia." Bryn Mawr: EMMA MARGARET DIETZ, Higher benzologues of phe- nanthrenequinone and anthraquinone." California: CHARLES DOUGLAS BARNES, The mechanism of the re- arrangement of acetylchloroaminobenzene." NORVAL FOSTER BURK, " The state of aggregation of some proteins." LESTER LARSEN HIRST, " A method of measuring the vapor pressure of mercury

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Doctorates Conferred ill file Sciences: Hull arid West or over amalgams at room temperature." HERRICK LEE JOHNSTON, " The entropies of nitric oxide and of oxygen from heat capacity measurements at low temperatures as bearing on the third law of thermodynamics. HAMLINE MONROE KVAL~-ES, Investigations with the mass spectrograph." REID THOMPSON MILNER, " The third law of thermodynamics applied to a solid solution of silver bromide and silver chloride. ROBERT CHARLES MITHOFF, The reaction of hexaphenylethane with oxygen. WILLIAM EARL ROSEVEARE, The reaction between potassium oxalate and mercuric chloride." DONALD MILTON SMITH, The effect of oxygen upon the rate of the reaction between ethylene and chlorine." FRANK HAROLD SPEDDING, " Line absorption spectra in solids in the visible and ultra-violet regions of the spectrum. LEONA ESTHER YOUNG, "The calomel and silver chloride electrodes in acid and neutral solutions. The activity coefficients of aqueous hydrochloric acid and the single potential of the deci-molal calomel electrode." California Institute of Technology: ROBERT TROUTMAN DILLON, Research on the normal butenes. WILLIAM BERRARD HINCKE, " Equilibrium between aluminum carbide and nitrogen at high tem- perature. H. DARWIN KIRSCHMAN, ' Analytical studies by poten- tiometric methods." WILLIAM GOULD YOUNG, " Research on the normal butenes." Catholic: JOHN REGEI HILL, " The oxidation-reduction potential of the manganese dioxide-manganous ion electrode." EDWARD RICHARD WERM, " Manganous oxalate as a primary standard and a study of the Volhard method for the determination of manganese." Chicago: SAMUEL BRODY, " The kinetics of growth and senescence.', NICHOLAS DIMITRIUS CHERONIS, ' The transformation of a-bro- mobutyric acid into ,8-bromobutyric acid. JOHN WILLIAM CHIT_ TUM, " The C4-saccharinic acids. VII. The resolution of dl-i, 2- dihydroxybutyric acid of notating point 74-75 C." JOSEPH FRED ERICK CHITTUM, The heat of dilution of aqueous solutions of sodium chloride." JOHN- ELTON- COLE, " The action of phenyl- magnesium bromide on acetophenoneoxin~e. A, ,8-Diphenyl-~B-hy- droxyethylamine." DAVID STATUS GANS, " I. The direct determina- tion of adsorption at the ;,as-liquid interface. II. The surface tension of aqueous solutions of para-toluidine. III. Vaporization and sur- face formation in relation to orientation." DELL S. GARBY, " Arsenic derivatives of phenylaminoacetic acid. II. BERNHARD GINSBERG, " The spreading of liquids, polymolecular layers and studies in the drop weight method f or surface tension measurement." HENRY NELSON HARKINS " Acid-base and salt equilibrium in the blood.

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36 Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hall and West Pennsylvania: FRANCIS MURRY CRIST, " A method of studying infra- sonic sounds with a determination of the efficiencies of various pick-up devices for their detection." NICHOLAS MINORSKY, " The electronic conduction and ionization in crossed electric and mag- netic fields. BENJAMIN B. WEATHERBY, ad, A determination of the wave-length of the K-line of carport." Pittsburgh: DIMITRY E. OLSHEVSKY, " Crystallization in magnetic and electric fields." Princeton: KENNETH TOMPKINS BAINBRIDGE, A search for ele- ment 87 by analysis of positive rays. ELLIOTT WARD CHENEY, " Measurement of index of refraction of gases at higher tem- peratures." CARL ERIC KEITH, " Recombination of argon ions and electrons." THOMAS JOSEPH KILMAN, " The uniform positive column of an electric discharge in mercury vapor." fOHN JACOB LIVINGOOD, The arc spectrum of platinum. JOH N BLANCHARD MILES, JR., " The dielectric constant and electric moment of some alcohol vapors. PHILIP 3/ICCORD MORSE, A theory of the electric discharge through gases. WAYNE BUCKLES NOTTINGHAM, ' Nor- mal arc characteristic curves: Dependence on absolute temperature of anode." St. Louis: MARIE KERNAGHAM, The surface tension of liquid metals by a modified flat drop method." Texas: LUDWIG WILHELM BLAU, " Torsion balances of short period." CHARLES PAUL BONER, " The measurements of capacitance and inductance in terms of frequency and resistance at radio fre- quencies." EUGENE ADAM PAULIN, " Some polarization phenomena of very short radio waves." Virginia: CHARLES ROZIER LARKIN, " On the electric birefringence of liquids. LELAND BRADLEY S NODDY, The time rate of f all of potential in a condensed discharge." Wisconsin: [OSEPH DONALD HANAWALT, The crystal structure of sputtered nickel films." LEO JAMES PETERS, " Theory of thermionic vacuum tube circuits. JULIAN HALE WEBB, Potential distribu- tion due to a buried sphere under the influence of a point electrode." Yale: GEORGE WASHINGTON GARDINER, Photoelectric efficiency of copper and silver." HENRY MARGENAU, " Dependence of ultra- violet reflection of silver on plastic deformation." RAYMOND JOHN SEEGER, " A critique of recent quantum theories." LUVILLE TAYLOR STEADMAN, " Wave-length measurements of gamma rays from radium and its products. GEORGE EDWARD TATE, The mag- netization of single crystals of iron in high fields."

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Doctorates Conferred: ir' the Sciences: Hull and West 37 PSYCHOLOGY California: MERLE HUGH ELLIOTT, Motivation and reward in rela tion to maze performance. ROBERT CHOATE TRYON, Individual differences at successive stages of learning." ELIZA RUTH VAL~N- TINE, " The effect of punishment for errors on the maze learning of the rat." Catholic: MARY ROSE MCDONOUGE, " The empirical analysis of char acter." Chicago: CLARENCE WILLIAM BROWN, ' The influence of the assimila- tive character of memory material on retention." NAI-Y~ CHENG, " The relation of retroactive effect to the degree of similarity." MATTIE CRUMPTON HARDY, " The effect of distribution of practice in learning stylus maze. WILLIAM CHARLES FREDERICK KRUEGER, " The effect of overlearning on retention." LAURENCE SPURGEON McLEoD, " A study of the interrelations of speed, accuracy and difficulty." MARION MONROE, " The drawings and color preferences of young children. RACHEL STUTSMAN, ' A scale of mental tests for pre-school children." LOG SENG TSAI, " Gradual 7vers?`s ab- rupt withdrawal of guidance in maze learning." ROLLAND HAYS WATERS, " The influence of tuition upon ideational learning.'" GEORGIANA ELNORA LIE, ' Whole z~ers?~s part methods of learn- ing as dependent upon practice." Clark: P. HARRY EWERT, "A study of the effect of inverted retinal stimulation upon spatially co-ordinated behavior." LUBERTA M. HARDEN, " The effect of emotional reactions upon retention." L)OROTHEA A. JOHANNSEN, A quantitative study of binocular color ~ ~ ~ T vision." Columbia: EDITH MARIE BURDICK, " A croup test of home environ ,, ~ ~ r Or. ~VWAKD ARROWS GREENE, The relative effectiveness of ~. ~ . . . . lecture and individual reading as methods of college teaching." EDNA LOUISE HAMILTON, " The effect of delayed incentive on the hunger drive in the white rat. HUGHBERT C. HAMILTON, The effect of incentives on accuracy of discrimination measured on the Galton bar. GEORGE WILFRIED HARTMANN, Precision and accuracy." MARION P. JENKINS, " The effect of segregation on the behavior of the white rat as measured by the obstruction method. ~ INTHROP NILES KELLOGG, An experimental com- parison of psychophysical methods. GEORGENE HOFFMAN SEWARD, " Recognition time as a measure of confidence." MINNA CHEVES WILKINS, " The effect of changed material on ability to do formal syllogistic reasoning."

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38 Doctorates Conferred ire the Sciences: Hull and West Cornell: OSCAR DANIEL ANDERSON, An experimental study of orb servational attitudes. GRAYDON LAVERNE FREEMAN, The role of context in associative formation." ERNEST LEROY BAKER, " A study of the influence of certain factors upon scholastic achie~re- ment in college. FLORENCE WOOLSEY HAZZARD, A descriptive ac- count of odors. NVILLIAM THOMAS [AMES, ' A study of the ex- pression of bodily posture. ' iOHN GAMEWELL JENKINS, Per- ceptual determinants in plane designs." EMELINE REBECCA Mour', " An experimental study of 'thickness ' in vision and audition." WELLINGTON ALBERT THALMAN, ' An experimental study of the relationship between attensity and intensity." ANDREW LEON Windsor, "A study of unconditioned and conditioned salivary re- sponses in man." Harvard: HERBERT BARRY, JR., The measurement of individual dif - ferences in group suggestibility. CRAWFORD GOLDTH WAIT, The relation of eye-movements to visual imagery." HERBERT GU8NEE, " The effect of a visual stimulus on the perception of bodily motion in rotary oscillation. Ross ARM STRONG MCFARLAND, An ex- perimental study of the relationship between speed and mental ability." WILLIAM DO~-ALD TURNER, " Configurational tendencies in the successive-comparison judgment." Indiana: HANNAH M. BOOK, " A psychophysiological analysis of sex differences." FLORENCE CASE, " A quantitative personality study as an approach to the conditions of mental health among college students." Iowa: ESTHER NIAN CLEAVE BERNE, An experimental investigation of social behavior patterns in young children." LEO BERNARD FAGAN, " A clinico-experimental approach to the re-education of the speech stutterers. GEORGE HORACE GALLUP, An objective method for determining reader interest in the content of a news- paper." R. YORKE HERREN, " The effect of stuttering on voluntary movement." LONZO iONES, " A project in student personnel service, designed to facilitate each student's achievement at the level of his ability." WILLIAM SEVERT LARSON, " Measurement of musical talent for the prediction of success in instrumental music." OR\rAL RAY LATHAM, " Children's concepts concerning trespass as affected by training and environment." CLAIR VICTOR MANN, " ' New-type' tests in general engineering drawing and descriptive geometry." ELIZABETH SKELDING MOORE, The development of mental hygiene in young children through purposeful activity. ALFRED RONALD ROOT, " A study of pitch patterns and tonal movements in normal speech. ROBERT DANIEL SINCLAIR, A comparative study of

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Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West 39 those who report the experience of the divine presence and those who do not. RUTH UPDEGRAFF, The visual perception of dis- tance in young children; a comparative study." ARNOLD HENRY WAGNER, " An experimental study in control of the vocal vibrato." HAROLD MARSHALL WILLIAMS, The measurement of pitch con- trol of the voice in the melodic situation. CLARENCE WHITFORD YOUNG, " The relations of electromyographically measured reflex response latencies to length of reflex arc and to intelligence." Johns Hopkins: JULIA ELIZABETH HEIL HEINLEIN, Pref erential manipulation in children." CHARLOTTE RICE, " The orientation of plane figures as a factor in their perception by young children." GREGORY SCURAMM, " Direction of children's emotional move- ments." Michigan: Loss GARRETT, " A study of one hundred cases of psycho pathic personality." Each SPAY HANAWALT, " Whole and part methods in trial and error learning." Minnesota: OSCAR WILLIAM ALM, " The effect of habit interference upon performance in maze learning." RUTH ELLEN ATKINS, " The object fitting test: A strictly non-language intelligence test f or pre-school children. ALVIN CHRISTIAN EURICH ' An experi- mental study of the reading abilities and disabilities of college students. CARLYLE FERDINAND ~ACoBSEN, A study of cerebral function in learning." MARION PAYER JACOBSEN, " The quantita- tive determination of scholastic interests among college students." DOROTHEA AGNES MCCARTHY, The language development of the pre-schoo1 child, with special reference to sentence formation." VICTOR HERBERT Norm, " The influence of individual laboratory work and other factors upon achievement in general inorganic chemistry. AUSTIN HENRY TURKEY, Factors other than intelli- gence that affect success in the high school as indicated by teachers' marks." Ohio State: CHARLES SAMUEL CLUCAS, " Analysis and measurement of certain background factors conditioning in the study of history." MERVIN ARNOLD DUREA, " Fundamental considerations in mental hygiene. HAROLD ASAHEL EDGERS, Academic prognosis in the University." CLYDE ~/rALTER GLEASON, `` The delayed response as a preliminary step toward sleep." CLARENCE HOLMES GROWDON, A study of free associations. ALBANUS BLAINE KITZMILLER, " A study of certain vocabulary problems in high school science." ZOE EMILY LEATUERMAN, A further study of the maladjusted college student results. BERT ALLEN NASH, A statistical study

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40 Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West of the development of tests during the past twenty years." HANS JORDAN PETERSON, " Technical vocabulary and background-infor- mation in educational psychology. LESTER RAINES, The effect upon an audience of emotionally-toned literature, vocally expressed." MELVIN GILLISON RIGG, A psychological analysis of certain prow lems of learning involved in college English." Kuo-HuA SUN, " A study of visual and auditory reactions in infants." WILLARD L:EE N7ALENTINE, " A theoretical and experimental investigation of the assumptions involved in plotting learning curves." Pennsylvania: ADELAIDE FRANCES BROWN, The effect of homo- geneous and heterogeneous chromatic stimuli on the limen of the range of attention experiments. JOSEPH ANTHONY GENGERELLI, " Experiments on the casual factors in animal learning." rOHN FINTON FLUMES, " The effect of practice upon the upper limen for tonal discrimination.,' SIDNEY SANDERSON, " Intention in motor learning. JOH N CULPSERTSON SCOTT, Systolic blood-pressure fluctuations with sex, anger and fear." Princeton: JEAN FROIS-WITTMAN ., " The judgment of facial ex- pression. LAWRENCE HERMAN GAHAGAN, " On the absolute judg- ment of lifted weights; one initial standard followed by several successive comparison stimuli. THURMAN CARLISLE SCOTT, The retention and recognition of patterns in maze learning." Radcliffe: MARGARET VINCENT KENNEDY, The relation of speed and quality of work and its significance for individual differences." Stanford: HELEN PYE DAVIDSON, " An experimental study of bright, average and dull children at the four-year mental level." RICHARD WELLINGTON HUSBAND, Analysis of methods in human maze learning." DORTHA WILLIAMS [ENSEN, " Superior juvenilia in literature among the exceptionally bright." BARBARA BURKS RAM- SPERGER, -" The relative influence of nature and nurture upon mental development: A comparative study of foster parent-foster child resemblance and true parent-true child resemblance." Syracuse: GEORGE B. VETTER, " Factors of personality in social and political attitudes." Texas: BERTHA KATHLEEN DUNCAN, ~ Visual-vocal reaction time: Its relation to the reading process." Washington: Lucius OLIVER MCAFEE, " An experimental investiga- tion of the relation between ability shown in a special methods class and ability to produce changes in pupils in the training school." FRANCIS FOUNTAIN POWERS, A study of the content of the courses, some selected texts and journals in educational psychology."

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Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West 4~ Wisconsin: FRANK LINCOLN DUANE HOLMES, An experimental study in individual vocal quality. SELMER CHRISTOPHER LARSON, " Studies in aptitude forecasting with the multiple regression equa- tion. JOHN RAYMOND MCCRORY, The accomplishment quotient- its various correlations and especially its reliability and its predic- tive value. ELEANOR OLMSTEAD MIMER, A study of the pre- school child's picture and story books." CLYDE ANSON MORLEY, " The reliability of the achievement quotient." GRIFFITH WYNNE WILLIAMS, " Some quantitative determinations of muscular phe- nomena in the hypnotic state." Yale: [UNIUS FLAGG BROWN, The visual perception of velocity. LOUIS HAROUS COHERENT, " Modification and refractory phase in the lid-reflex." THOMAS WILLIAM COOK, " Binocular and monocular relations in f oveal dark adaptation. ELIZABETH EVANS LORD, A study of the mental development of children with lesions in the central nervous system." JOHN MARSHALL MCGINNIS, " Eye move- ments and optic nystagmus in early infancy." RUTH WENDELL WASHBURN, " Smiling and laughing of infants in the first 5~ weeks of life." PUBLIC HEALTH Harvard: YE Ho, " A!licrobic dissociation of diphtheria bacillus and its relation to the carrier problem." Lo TING-AN, " Factors affecting the birth weight of the new-barn." Johns Hopkins: JAMES BAILEY BI~ACK, A comparative study of susceptibility to diphtheria in the white and negro races." H. JACK- SON DAVIS, " Blood pressure in old age, a statistical comparison." IR~GARD DRESEL, Studies on bacteriophage. WILLIAM McKIN- r~EY GAFAFER, " The climatology of infant diarrhea and enteritis, London, I876-I927; a biometric study. ROBERT HENRI HAZEMAN, On the error In the estimation of post censal population." YOSHIO KUSAMA, " A study of contact infection among the family associates of diphtheria cases in Baltimore, ~920-~924." C. V. NATARAJAN, " Cataphoresis experiments on various viruses." G~- RF.RT FRED OTTO. Studies on the f actors influencing the epidemi- olo~,y of Ascariasis in the United States. LLOYD ANCIL SPINDLER, " Field and laboratory studies on the factors influencing the dis- semination of certain human parasitic worms." VIVIAN ARTHUR VANVOLKENBURGEI, " A study of respiratory diseases prevail- ing in a group of families residing in Baltimore, Maryland, from October, ~9~8, to Starch, ~929."

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42 Doctorates Conferred ill the Sciences: Hull and West Massachusetts Institute of Technology: CLEON JOSEPH GENTZKOW, "An investigation of a tryptic digest medium." SIDNEY DAVID KRAMER, Rheumatic fever. Yale: LEE SJOERDS HUIZENGA, The eradication of leprosy as a public health problem." ZOOLOGY American: R. V. TRUITT, "Biological contributions to the de~relop- ment of the oyster industry in Maryland." Brown: PERCY LAURANCE BAILEY, fR., The influence of the nervous system on regeneration in Eisenic~ foet~da, Savigny." GLADYS ELIZA- BETH HOLMES, " The influence of the nervous system on regenera- tion in Berets Wrens, Sars." California: ENA ALIDA ALLEN, "Culture studies of Conncilw~ania d?ssimilts. HIEDEGARDE HOWARD, The avifauna of Emery~rille shellmound. WYATT WAGNER JONES, " The description and biology of Nepticula bra?~nella (~lepidoptera-nepticul~da~), a new species of leaf-miner or Prunes ilicifoli~ N;Valp., and the variety itegrifolia Sarg. JOHN MCALLISTER KATER, Morphology and division of Cihla~ydo~as with reference to the phylogeny of the flagellate neuromotor system." EDGAR LOCKE LAZIER, " The external ciliary mechanism of Teredo no.zlalis." JAMES ERIC LYNCH, " Studies on the fibrillar system of ciliates from the intestine of Slrongylocen- trot?~s. EARL CLEVELAND O ROKE, The morphology, transmis- sion and life history of Hce~noprote~us lothortyx, a blood parasite of the California valley quail." California Institute of Technology: ALBERT TITLEBAUM, Experi- mental production of double embryos." Chicago: RICHARD MASON FRAPS, Studies on respiration and gly- colysis in Planaria. I. Methods and certain basic factors in res- piration. [AMEs CLARKE GRAY, The development, histology and endocrine functions of the compensatory right gonad in the hen." OLGA THEODORE HESS, The effects of pure solutions of sodium, potassium and calcium chlorides on oxygen consumption of Pla- naru~ dorolocephala. WINIFRED HUGHES, The twinning con- ditions in swine. JAMES BOSWELE MITCHELL, JR., Experimen- tal studies on the hypophysis of the brown leghorn fowl." ORLANDO PARK, " The measurement of daylight in the Chicago area and its ecological significance. [ESSE MILTON SHA\TER, An ecological analysis of the bird fauna on a depositing creek bank."

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Doctorates Conf erred in the Sciences: Hull and West 43 Columbia: TSE-YIN CHEN, " On the development of imaginal buds in normal and mutant Drosophila ~:elanoga~-ter.'' HUGH HACK- LAND DARBY, " The effect of the hydrogen ion concentration on the sequence of protozoan f orms. HERBERT OLIVER ELFTMAN, " Functional adaptations of the pelvis in marsupials." AURA ED- WARD SEVERINGHAUS, Sex studies on Schist oso~na ja;ponicu~. MUTHAMMAH EVANGELINE THILLAYAMPALAM, Scoliodon. Cornell: EARL ORLO BUTCHER, " The development of the somite in the white rat, Mats Norz~egicus Albinus, and the fate of the myoto- men neural tube and gut in the tail. IRENE DOROTHY DOBROSCKY, " Morphology and cytology of the digestive system of Cicadula sexno tat a (Fallen), the insect carrier of aster yellows virus." ROBERT DANIEL HARWOOD, " An ecological study of forest-floor cover inhabitants." HARRISON FLINT LEWIS, " The natural history of the double-crested cormorant (Pholacrocorax auritus aerates (Lesson) ). JOSEPH REEDIFY STANFORD, Studies in siphonaptera ' Fleas ' with particular reference to those found on rodents." Harvard: FRAN K MORTON CARPENTER, The f ossil ants o f North America. EARL HOWARD HERRICK, The behavior of epidermal epithelium following wounds and skin grafts." RAYMOND LEECH TAYLOR, " The biology of the white pine weevil, Fissodes strobi (Peck), and a study of its insect parasites from an economic view- point. JOHN HENRY WELSH, JR., The mechanics of migration of the distal pigment in the eye of pal~monetes." iOHN NVALLACE WILSON, " The genitalia and wing venation of the Cucujidae and related families." Illinois: RALPH DURHAM BIRD, Biotic communities of the poplar savanna of central Canada." GEORGE EDWARD KING, " The larger glands in the working honeybee-a correlation of activity with age and with physiological functioning. WILBUR MARSHALL LUCK, " The effect of temperature upon infrabar and its heterozygotes." Iowa: KERMIT CHRISTENSEN, The development of the sex characters in Rana pipiens under normal and experimental conditions." Iowa State College: HALBERT MARION HARRIS, A monographic study of the hemipterous family Nabidce as it occurs in North America. GEORGE OSCAR HENDRICKSON, Studies on the insect fauna of Iowa prairies." Johns Hopkins: CLAUDE HEMAN BARLOW, The lif e cycle of the human intestinal fluke Fasciolopsis buski (Lankester)." FRANK .

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44 Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West GARY BROOKS, " Studies on the germ cell cycle of Tre~todes." LEONARD BERTRAND CAr ARK, Reactions to light in the beetle, Dinettes c&ss~'lis Aube.' WALTER EI~ZRA DOVE, Studies on the stability of ~4ncylostoma brc~ziliens; of dogs and cats in producing lesions of creeping eruption." PERCY LEROY JOHNSON, " Is binary fission the only method of reproduction in ~4q~?ba proteus?" VERNAL EARAr LIGHT, Photoreceptors in Mya arenarm L. with special reference to their distribution, structure and function." MERRITT PARDEE SARLES, Experimental studies on the dog and cat hookworms; ~lnc~losto~ caninu,~ and A 7'rr~zili~neq Kansas: KATHAr,EEN C`r'ARE DOERING, The genus Clasto ptera in America north of Mexico." 1 ~T . ~an _ _ At_ ~ ~ `~u~t:~ ensue or ~ ecnno~ogy: \_HARATES HENRY BLAKE, " A synopsis of the Crustacea entomostracc~ of New England." Michigan: CHARLES FRA~-CIS BYERS, " A contribution to the knowl- edge of taxonomy and ecology of Florida Odonata." W1AT-FRID TAYLOR DEMPSTER, Comparative morphological studies of the amphibian ear, with special reference to the endolymphatic organ." ADOAr-PH MURIE, " Distributional relationships and variability of two subspecies of Perols~yscus matriculates in the Glacier Park region. OLIVE GRIFFITH STTIT T. " V~n~t;onc Gina rPl~tir~nchir`e in the genus Pi~t~ophis." Minnesota: WALTER CARTER, " Ecological studies of E?`tettix t~ennel- [us Baker. FREDERICK GEORGE HOLDAWAY, Humidity as a factor ~_ ~v ~ ~^v^^v~^ w ~Aim in insect environment." JOHN ROBERT PARKER, " Some effects of temperature and moisture upon ]/lelanopl~`s q~:exicanus q~eri- canus Saussure and Can~n?~la bellucida Scudder (Orthoptera)." New York: HARRY ADOLPH CHARIPPER, A study of the thyroid and pituitary glands in Necks ~aculos?~s. CHARLES HERBERT WIL- LEY, " Studies on the lymph system of diagenetic trematodes." New York State College of Forestry: ~` Growth studies in Picea rubra Link." LOUIS WILLIAM REES, North Carolina: JAMES THEOPHILUS PENNEY, Cell behavior in the regeneration of sponges from dissociated cells." Ohio State: MARY EI-IZABETH CONRAD, The comparative tolerance of different species of protozoa for hydrogen ions." ROBERT ITEM BLE FLETCHER, A study of the insect fauna of Brazes County, Texas, with special reference to the Cicadellidce." ROBERT ARTHUR HEFTER, Studies of Para~?`lid: dipolpods. GEORGE SHEALY LANGFORD, " Some factors relating to the feeding habits of grass- hoppers with special reference to 17llela,~oplus bivattatus Say." Don CARLOS MOTE, " The ox warble flies Hypoder~na bores (De Greer,

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Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West 4: :776), and Hypodersl~a Neat (De Villers, ~789~." W~rA~ JAY SGHOENE, The leaf-hopper association on apple. JAY PETER- SON SLEESMAN, A study of the North American species of Euscelis and allied genera. FLOYD FRANKLIN SMITH, Biology and control of the black vine weevil. MARY ELIZABETH WALKER, " A revision of the order Phalangida of Ohio." Pennsylvania: WILLIAM PAUL NEWELL CANAVAN, The nematode parasites of vertebrates in the Philadelphia Zoological Garden and vicinity." MILTON- WALKER EDDY, " Recovery from immersion in water: An index of metabolism and the condition of the gonads in Drosophila melar~ogaster, Meigen and Pop~llia japonica, Newm.'' VERA KOEHRING, The neutral red reaction. OLIN EVERETT NEL- SEN, " The life cycle, differentiation of sex and testis development in the grasshopper, Delano pins d~erential~s. MIRIAM IRENE PEN UNPACKER, " The germ cells in the hermaphrodite gland of Polygyra appressa." TSON PEN SUN, " The influence of thyroid deficiency on the structure and epinephrin content of the adrenal gland of the albino rat (Mus noruegicus albinos)." ELIZABETH MARGUERITE YAGI E, " Water exchange through the egg membranes of Fundulus." Princeton: CLEVELAND PENDLETON- HICKMAN, The spermatogenesis of S?`ccinea ovalis Say, with especial reference to the components of the sperm." SAMUEL ESTES HILL, " The penetration of luminous bacteria by the ammonium salts of the lower fatty acids." CHARLES SAMUEL SEOUP, " The respiration of luminous bacteria and the effect of oxygen tension upon oxygen consumption." Stanford: JOSEPH CONRAD CHA5BERLIN, The comparative mor- phology of the arachnid order Chelonethida." HOWARD CALVIN DAY, " Studies on the contractile vacuole of spirostomum and para- mecium. HAROLD MESTRE, The green pigments of the plastic. DAVID SHEPHERD, " The Trichoptera of Waddell Creek and their relation to the food of Salvo irideus. DOUGLAS MERRITT WHITA_ KER. " Localization in the star-fish egg and fusion of blastule - trom egg fragments." Texas: BENJAMIN BEE HARRIS, The effects of the ageing of X-rayed male germ cells upon the frequency of sex-linked lethals in Droso- phila n~elanogaster." Washington University (St. Louis): ZOLA KATHARINE COOPER, A histological study of the integument of the armadillo, Tatus?a noue~cincta. ALFRED LIARTIN LUCAS, An investigation of the nervous system as a possible factor in the regulation of ciliary activity of the lamellibranch gill."

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46 Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences: Hull and West Wisconsin: WALTER RAWLINS HORLACHER, The inheritance of red- and-black color patterns in pigeons. JOSEPH HOLMES MARTIN, " An analysis of barring in the barred Plymouth Rock fowl." ABRAHAM HIEBERT WIEBE, The productivity of fish ponds the plankton." CHAO_F~A WU, " Cytological studies on the spinning glands of the larva of Gallerm ~nellonella: respective roles played by the nucleus, the mitochondria and the Golgi apparatus during secretion." Yale: VICTOR CHANDLER TWIT rY, " Correlation in development of structure associated with transplanted eyes."