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lo THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORM Projects now being carried on by the Arkansas Geological Survey are as follows: (1) ~ study of the stra.tigraphy and structure of the Gulf Coastal Plain of southern and eastern Arkansas; (2) a study of the underground water conditions of the rice district of eastern Arkansas, in cooperation with the United States Geological Survey, the Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of Arkansas, and interested individuals; (3) a study of the zinc and lead district of northern Arkansas, in cooperation with the IJnited States Geological Survey; (4) a study of the porosity of the sandstones and shales of the Paleozoic area of Arkansas; (5) a study of the cinnabar region in Pike, Howard, and Clark counties, Ar- kansas; (6) a study of the black limestone region of northern Arkansas; (~) a compilation of a list of elevations of Arkansas; and (8) a compila- tion of a stream-gaging report for the years 1929-1930. PREVIOUS SURVEY ORGANIZATIONS From 1857 to 1860, D. D. Owen was State Geologist; under his direc- tion, two reports were published. From 1871 to 1875 Ad. :F. Roberto, George Haddock, William C. Hazeldine, Arnols Syberg were successively State Geologists. One report was published by George Haddock in 1872. From 1887 to 1893 John C. Branner was State Geologist, and during his administration, fourteen volumes were published. From 1907 to 1923, the Professor of Geology at the University of Arkansas acted as State Geologist. During this time, A. X. Purdue, N. F. Drake, and G. 13:. Cady served successively under the law as ex officio State Geolo- gist.s, arid devoted a portion of their time to the State work. During the administration of A. H. Purdue, three reports were published. CALIFORNIA * The California. State Mining Bureau had its beginning through legisla- tive statute approved April 16, 1880, continuing under that title (though twice amended, 1893 and 1913, as to organization details) until July-, 1927, when it was made the Division of Mines and Mining (amended 1929, to read "Division of Hines.") under the State Department of Natural Resources. The offices. are located in the Ferry Building, San Francisco, with district branch offices at Sacramento, Los Angeles, alla Bedding. * Information furnished by Walter W. Bradley, State Mineralogist, March, 1932.
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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 11 SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES The duties of the State Mineralogist as set forth by statute are as fol- lows: " to make, facilitate, and encourage special studies of the mineral resources and mineral industries of the State to collect statistics con- cerning the occurrence and production of the economically important minerals and the methods pursued in making their valuable constituents available for commercial use; to make a collection of typical geological and mineralogical specimens, especially those of' economic and com- mercial importance to provide a. library of books, reports, drawings, bearing upon the mineral industries and sciences of mineralogy and geology, and arts of mining and metallurgy-open to public inspection at reasonable hours; to maintain, in effect, a bureau of information con- cerning the mineral industries of this State to issue from time to time such bulletins as he may deem advisable concerning the statistics and technology of the mineral industries of this State." In 1915, there was created, under the supervision of the State ~ineralo- gist, the department of Petroleum and Gas. This subdivision exercises a regulatory function governing the drilling and maintenance of oil and gas wells, particularly with reference to protection of the oil strata from encroachment and damage by water. By executive order signed May 29, 1929, this' "department" was transferred from the Division of Mines and created a separate Division of Oil and Gas, under the Depart- ment of Natural Resources. In 1920, the Ore Buyers License Act, commonly referred to as the " High Grade Bill,'' was enacted; it provides for the licensing of persons and firms buying, treating, and dealing in gold- and silver-laearing ma- terials This act is administered by the State Mineralogist, and by con- trolling the avenues through which gold is handled, is designed to reduce the stealing and disposal of high-grade ores. :For the biennium, July 1, 1929-June 30, 1931 (and repeated for the current biennium, 1931-1933), there was added to the appropriation for the Division of Mines, a " Special Item for Geological Survey " of $22,000; as a result there has been set up within the division, a " Geo- logical Branch; " and work has been begun upon a coordinated and com- prehensive geological survey of California. ORGANIZATION The board of trustees provided for in the Act of 1880 and continued by the 1893 amendment, was abolished in 1913, at which time the term of office of the State Mineralogist was changed from four years to " at the 2
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I') THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND pleasure of the Governor." In 1929, there was created the " State Mining Board," appointed by the Governor, which is to serve as a policy- making body for the Division of Mines. The chief of the Division is designated as " State Mineralogist '' and is appointed by the Director of the Department of Natural Resources. The present incumbent is Walter W. Bradley who has held office since August I, 1928. The staff of the Division of Mines. is appointed by the State Mineralo- gist under the regulations of the Civil Service Commission and at present includes: one chief geologist, four district mining engineers, one as- sistant mining engineer, one mineral technologist, one inspector under the ore buyers license act, one part-time geologist, one chief draftsman, one statistician and curator, and a librarian (junior engineer). The salaries of these employees range from $~50 to $400 per month. The clerical staff includes. one assistant shipping clerk, one geological clerk, and four stenographer-clerks. Salaries within this group range from $100 to $160 per month. Advanced college students or college professors are employed in vaca- tion time on the " part-time geologist " basis for field work, as a phase of cooperative work with the several universities (both Californian and Eastern). The Division of Mines, however, is. not connected officially with any other board or commission, except the State Department of Natural Resources, as already noted. APPROPRIATIONS The Division of Mines is supported by biennial legislative appropria- tions, the past two having been $131,118 and $136,000, respectively, for the current biennium ending June 30, 1933. To these appropriations there has been added a special item of $22,000 for the conduct of a compre- hensive geological survey of California. Approximately $40,000 per annum is spent on salaries, and $19,000 per annum on supplies, equip- ment (including automobiles), and traveling expenses. No topographic work is done by this division, California's contribution to that-coopera- tive item with the IJnited States Geological Survey being handled through the State Engineer in the Department of Public Works. No geographic work is handled, nor are soil surveys, water investigations, forestry, or archeology, which are under other supervision. Mine safety inspection service is under the Industrial Accident Commission. PUBLICATIONS Reports I-X, inclusive, were annual; XI-XVII, biennial (though there was a break of eighteen years between Reports XIII and XIV); XVIII-XXVII, annual. These, though mainly general reports, are in
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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 13 part specific and in part geological, on the mineral resources of the State and particular areas, dealing mostly with the economic and commercial developments. Beginning with Report XVIII (1922), the State Mineral- ogist's reports have been issued in monthly (1922-1923) and quarterly (since 1923) advance chapters under the title of " Mining in Cali- fornia," and have included a series of reports by counties (of which re- ports there are 58, and which were completed. in 1931~. Bulletins in- clude the annual statistics of mineral production, and a series. of reports on specific subjects or minerals. The total of these to date is 106, in- cluding, since 1911, the following: Petroleum, 3; Mining Laws, 4; also Geologic Formations of California Zenith map of State in twenty-three colors), Manga.nese and Chromium, Catalogue of Publications, Quick- silver (including Metallurgy), Magnesite, Platinum and Allied Metals, Commercial Minerals, Minerals of California (2 editions), Gold Placers, Geology and Ore Deposits of R.andsburg Quadrangle, Clay Resources and Ceramic Industry; Preliminary Reports on Manganese, Tungsten, Antimony, et al., metals during World War period; and on Clay In- dustry. The Division of Oil and Gas issues in pamphlet form, monthly, a " Summary of Operations California Oil Fields," which also con- tains special articles relative to oil-field practice, geology, and other phases of interest. Thus far activities and special reports, resulting from field work of the Geologic Branch, are being published in the quarterly chapters of the State Mineralogist's. Reports. The Bureau has. frequently been hampered by lack of sufficient funds for printing reports. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISH.MENTS SINCE 1811 The foregoing list of subjects covered in the bulletins published gives a comprehensive idea of the work accomplished since 1911. The Division of Mines cooperated with the University of California. on the Quicksilver bulletin, in the use of the metallurgical and ore-dressing laboratory for concentration tests, and on the geological field work for the Randsburg Quadrangle; with the United States Geological Survey on a re-survey of the geology of the Mother Lode Gold Belt.; with. Stanford. University in the use of the ceramic laboratory for clay testing for the Clay bulletin; and has cooperated with the geological departments of several universi- t.ies in California, and with Cornell, Columbia, Yale, in the East, and with oil companies, and railroad companies on geological survey activities.