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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY i9 general geology of various specific districts. The Survey, in coopera- tion with the United States Geological Survey, made a study of the granites of Connecticut, and did considerable work on the under- ground water resources. PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORK A new study of the minerals of Connecticut is now completed. A study of the bed-rock geology of the eastern highlands is nearing completion, and good progress has been made in the similar study of the western highlands. A study of the shore-line changes was made, and a paper is being prepared on the mammals of Connecticut. Studies are in progress on various subjects in botany, entomology, and zoology. PREVIOUS SURVEY ORGANIZATIONS There have been no previous Survey organizat.io:as. DELAWARE There is no official State Geological Survey, and no infor~na.tion is available regarding the duties and functions usually undertaken and performed by such an organization. FLORIDA Ink The Florida State Geological Surrey was created by the Legislature of 1907. The official headquarters are in Tallahassee, where the Survey office and museum are located in the recently erected State Building, known as the Martin Building. SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES As specified by law, the Survey is required to investigate the mineral and other deposits of value, surface and subterranean water supplies, soils, and other natural resources. The State Geologist is also required to make an annual report to the Governor and to make a. collection of specimens illustrating the geological and mineral features of the State. ORGANIZATION The Survey is an independent department, with no governing board, hut under the direct; super~-isiol1 of the Governor. The present State Geologist, Hern~.an Gunl;er, was appointed by the Governor on Septem * Information furnished by Herman Gunter, State Geologist, March, 1932. :`
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20 THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND ber 27, 1927. The State Geologist gives. his full time to Survey work. His salary is fixed by law, and is payable monthly. The non-technical st.aft is. composed of one clerical assistant employed by the State Geologist by and with the approval of the Governor. The full-time technical staff includes two assistant geologists, and one mu- seum and field assistant. These persons are employed by the State Geolo- gist with the approval of the Governor and without intervention of the Civil Service Commission, the term of service being at the pleasure of the State Geologist,, who is authorized by law to " appoint subject to the ap- proval of the Governor such assistance as he may find necessary to enable him to successfully, and with reasonable dispatch, accomplish the object of the Survey " The salaries of the full-time staff range from $900 to $2700 per year. There is also a, fund of $1800 available annually for the employment of temporary assistants, which is used for special investigations, and in employment of various specialists. No advanced college students or professors are in the employ of the Survey. APPROPRIATIONS The financial support of the Geological Survey is entirely from the General Revenue fund. No appropriations are contingent upon coopera.- tion or upon any other factor, and there is no support from royalties. Appropriations for the four years covered by the last two bienniums are as follows: 1927-28 192~29 1929-30 930-31 $23,850 23,850 25,350 25,350 Appropriations for the current biennium, from July 1, 1931 to June 30, 1933, amounted to $24,800 annually, but a reduction amounting to approximately twenty per cent was effected by a provision that during the current biennium annual expenditures shall not exceed $20,160. It is estimated that the expenditures of the Survey are distributed approximately as follows: Administrative and routine clerical...... Topographic .................................... Geologic work ... Geographic work ...... Other items . ...... Printing and engraving Per cent ............ 25 ......... none .............. 15 20 00