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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 31 PUBLICATIONS The Florida State Geological Survey has issued 22 annual reports, 7 bulletins, and 13 press bulletins. These publications include, in addi- tion to purely geologic or geographic reports, such subjects as water- supplies, soils, mineral resources, and paleontology. The Survey is hampered in the matter of publication by the reduction provided in the appropriation for the current biennium. If that twenty per cent were restored, publication of valuable data could be effected. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE loll A bulletin containing data on road-building materials of Florida, and a statistical table showing the amount of improved roads built by the counties of the State to the close of 1910 was published in 1911. Press bulletins were issued on the following subjects: extinct land animals of Florida, production of phosphate rock during 1912, the utility of well records, the value to science of the fossil animal remains found embedded in the earth, clay tests for paving brick, a survey of mineral resources, phosphate production reports for 1913, 191?, 1918, and 1920. Sixteen annual reports were published on geological subjects, water resources, and soil investigations. PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORX The Survey is now conducting a detailed study of the microfauna of a series of formations of western Florida of Miocene age, and carrying this study into peninsular Florida. Work is also being done on the correlation of well samples, the clays of Florida, particularly the higher grade white- clays, and on vertebrate paleontology. The Survey is cooperating with the United States Geological Survey in work on the ground and surface waters of the State. PREVIOUS SURVEY ORGANIZATIONS Dr. J. Most. was the first State Geologist of Florida in 1887. This Survey was short lived, as no appropriation was made for its continuance in the Legislature of 1887. GEORGIA * The former name of the organization, " Geological Survey of Georgia," was changed to " Department of Forestry and Geological Development, Division of Geology'' during the last session of the Legislature. The * Information furnished bY S. W. McCallie, State Geologist, March, 1932.

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22 THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND organization was. established in July 1890. Offices are located at Atlanta; the mail, telegraphic, and express address is 43o State Capitol, Atlanta, (Georgia.. SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES The duties and activities of the Survey are clearly set. forth in the following extract from, " Historical Sketch of the Geological Survey of Georgia " (Geol. Surv. Gal,' Bull. 39, 1922~: "It is the duty of the State Geologist to give his attention to the administration of the Survey; to visit all parts of the Sta.te, so as to make himself familiar with the needs of each section; to supervise the work of his assistants, including all reports submitted by them for pub- lication; to undertake such field work as his time will permit, and to perform such other duties as properly pertain to his office. IJnder his direction and control the corps of the Survey shall proceed to make a careful and complete geological, mineralogical, and physical survey of the State; to enter upon record, to be kept for that purpose in his office, an accurate statement of the extent of all water-powers, roads, springs, and water courses, and the climate, topography, and the general physical character of the country, and to locate the belts of ores, useful minerals, and building materials; to report characteristics and composition of soils and the deposits of marls and phosphates; to collect, analyze and classify specimens of minerals, rocks, ores, fossils, and soils and enter the same on record; to cause to be preserved in a museum specimens illustrating the geology, mineralogy, soils, and whatever else may be discovered in the mineral or geological resources of Georgia, having scientific or eco- nomic value; and he shall make a report of the survey of every county of this Sta.te accompanied with all necessary maps and illustrations. " It shall also be the duty of said State Geologist to make a survey of the water courses, ponds, lakes, and swamp regions of Georgia, and sub- mit, in the report provided for, a topographical map showing the loca- tion, extent, means, and plans of drainage, and also an estimate of the cost of said drainage of the ponds, lakes, and swamps of Georgia. The State Geologist shall also make an estimate of the value and extent of the lands to be reclaimed by said drainage." ORGANIZATION The Governor of Georgia, with the consent of the Sta.te Commission of :Forestry and (geological Development, appoints the State Geologist. The Commission consists of six members plus the Governor of Georgia. who is Chairman and President of the Commission. Upon the expiration of the respective terms of such members, the Governor appoints succes- sors to serve for a period of six years. The meetings of the Commission are held quarterly at the State Capitol and at such other times and places as may be directed in writing by the President. No compensation is paid

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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 23 to members, but they are reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred while on meetings of the Commission. On February 18,1908, S. TV. McCallie was appointed State Geologist. iJllder the new organization he is to hold office four years, or until Janu- ary 1, 1936, at an annual salary fixed by the State and payable monthly. He has two assistant geologists on his staff, also a combination clerk and stenographer. The Survey is not connected with any university, college, or other organization. APPROPRIATIONS The Survey is supported by annual appropriations which since 1928 have been as follows: 928 ................................ lg29 ......... 930 ....... lg31 ....... 1932 ...... ......... $15,000 ......... 15,000 ......... 20,000 . 20,000 ......... 15,000 It is estimated that approximately 49 per cent of the Survey funds is expended on administrative and routine clerical work, while 50 per cent is spent on geologic work, and one per cent on other items. Ap- proximately 43 per cent of the area of the State has been covered with satisfactory topographic maps. PUBLICATIONS This Department has published 32 bulletins on economic geology, eight on water resources and drainage, three on public roads and road materials, one on the coastal plain of Georgia, and one on physical geography of Georgia (45 bulletins in all). The appropriation should be at least double the amount it now is. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 1911 Since 1911 there has been completed the work on: the mineral springs of the State; the limestones and marls of the coastal plain; the limestone and cement materials of northern Georgia; the asbestos, talc, and soap- stone deposits of the State; the feldspar and mica deposits; the bauxite and fullers' earth; a part of the pyrites deposits; the slate deposits; the manganese deposits; the barytes deposits; the sand and gravel de- posits; and on the water power and a,,ricultural drainage. The work on the brown iron ores is in progress.