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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 3 The larger maps are folded and enclosed in stout manila envelopes ap- propriately labeled. The reports, when authorized by the Committee on Survey Publica tions (a committee composed of the Governor, the Secretary of State. and the State Geologist), are printed by the State Printers and paid for by ~` any moneys in the treasury." This provides for prompt printing of such reports as can be assembled, and is one of the finest provisions of the Survey. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 1911 The principal accomplishment of the Survey during recent years has been the preparation and publication of a general report on the Geology of the State, and a new geologic map. The actual cost of this work was approximately 1?;2l,Q00. A general report on the petroleum possibilities of the State, prepared at a cost of approximately $9,000 is now ready for distribution. PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORK Cooperative work with the United States Geological Survey is under way on iron ores. This work is in charge of E. F. Burchard, of the United States Geological Survey. An extended program has been launched to cover the ceramic resources of Alabama, and work on coal is well under way. Considerable time and money is being devoted to; the Museum, some S5,000 specimens having been assembled within the last year. PREVIOUS SURVEY ORGANIZATION The Geological Survey of Alabama was officially authorized January 2, 1848, and Michael Tuomey was named State Geologist. The Civil War interrupted the work for a short time, and a new organization, with the late Dr. Eugene A. Smith as State Geologist, was effected early in 1873. Doctor Smith served as State Geologist for fifty-three years. ARIZONA 9' The Arizona Bureau of Mines, which is also in edect the State Geological Survey, although such is not its official title, was created by an Act of the Legislature in 1915. It is a Department of the College of * Information furnished by G. M. Butler, Director, March, 1932.

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4 THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND Mines and Engineering, University of Arizona, and its offices and labora- tories are located on the University campus. Its mail, telegraph, and express address is Arizona Bureau of Mines, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona. SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES The Act creating the Bureau is so broad as to permit it to do prac- tically anything that will tend to promote the mineral industries of the State. ORGANIZATION Being a University Department, the Bureau is under the executive control of the President of the University and of the Board of Regents, but the Regents make little or no attempt to fix Bureau policies. Their principal function is to approve the budgets prepared by the Director of the Bureau, and the President of the University, and to ratify appoint- ments of Bureau employees selected by the officials just. named. The executive officer of the Bureau, who holds the title of Director, is G. PI. Butler, who was appointed to the Directorship by the Board of Regents on recommendation of the President of the University. His tenure of once is indefinite, and he has held the Directorship since July, 1918. He is ex officio State Geologist, and also Dean of the College of Mines and Engineering of the University. He devotes about. two-thirds of his time to matters relating to the Bureau, and he draws an annual salary which is fixed by the Board of Regents on recommendation of the President. The Bu.rea.u at present employs' on. full time one person. in a clerical position, one mining engineer who devotes most of his time to extension work, and three geologists, or assistant geologists. It also employs on part time an additional mining engineer and two metallurgists, and pro- vides the funds for two research. fellowships in metallurgy. Leaving the Director out of consideration, the salaries paid to full-time employees range from $2000 a year for an Assistant Geologist to more than $4500 a year. In addition, field expenses of all employees are paid. The ap- pointment to positions with the Bureau is usually for an indefinite term of service, and is made by the Board of Regents on recommendations of the Director and the President. None of the employees is under Civil Service. During the summer months the Bureau often utilizes the ser- vices of members of the geological faculty of the University. A limited number of field assistantships are sometimes available to students doing graduate work in geology at the University.

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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY APPROPRIATIONS For several years, the income of the Bureau has been entirely derived from the appropriations granted to it by the Board of Regents of the University. These appropriations are made each year and are not con- tinuing. For the past five years, the amounts made available for the support of the Bureau have been, in round numbers, approximately as follows: 927-28 ..................... 928-29 929-30 930~1 931-32 ................. $26,000 27,000 30,000 39~600 ............. 2s,300 The Bureau is not required to pay any thin" for quarters, heat and janitor service. ,, light, No attempt. has been made to ascertain exactly what proportion of the funds available hats been devoted to the different lines of work in which the Bureau engages, but considerably more than half is doubtless de- voted to geologic work, including printing of the reports. The Bureau is not required to handle mine inspection, oil and gas well inspection, review of mineral land values, water investigation, soil surveys, archa.e- ology, forestry, or the testing of road materials, some of these matters being under the jurisdiction of other departments of the University. PUBLICATIONS The Arizona Survey has published approximately eighty reports on various geological and mineralogical subjects. These comprise a bulletin on the general geology of the State, bulletins descriptive of the geology and mineral resources of definite areas and specific mining districts, reports on particular minerals throughout the State, etc. The Bureau has also, in cooperation with the United States Geological Survey, col- lected the data and published a base map of Arizona, a topographic map of the State, and a geologic map of the State, all on a scale of about eight miles to the inch. This does not include the State Safety Bulletin which was of no permanent value, and was discontinued several years ago. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 19;11 Since the Bureau was established in 1915, its principal accomplish- ments have been the thorough investigation and development of the D. G. Chilson process for locating sulfide ore bodies, covering which the University now holds a patent. This work is the basis of that type of