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6 THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND geophysics known as the inductive process which. is the process first used by the Radiore Corporation and the Physical Exploration Corporation. The Bureau has published all of the bulletins mentioned above and has served thousands of prospectors and miners through the free identifica- tion of samples of rocks and minerals and by rendering advice as to what analyses or assays should be made. It has also made a great many assays and analyses at rates fixed by law, served as a general information bureau to the mineral industries of the State, prepared scores of magazine and newspaper articles bearing on these matters, and done much to edu- ate the prospectors through its extension work. PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORK At present, most of the resources of the Bureau are devoted to the preparation of detailed reports on the geology and mineral resources of promising mineralized areas, and it is hoped that it will be possible to continue to expand this work until practically the entire State is covered by such reports. The Bureau also plans to resume geophysical work as soon as possible and to expand investigations, already started in a small way, on the non-metallic resources of Arizona. PREVIOUS SURVEY ORGANIZATIONS Years ago, Dr. William P. Blake, who was Director of the School of Mines of the University of Arizona from 1896 to 1905, bore the title of Territorial Geologist and personally prepared a considerable number of reports which were published in the annual reports of the Governor. No Survey or Bureau existed in Arizona prior to 191b, however. ARKANSAS ,' The exact name of the present Geological Survey of Arkansas is " The Office of the State Geologist." It was created by Act b73 of the Acts of the General Assembly of Arkansas for 1923, which was approved on March 23, 1923. The offices of the Survey are located in Rooms 443-447 State Capitol, Little Rock, Arkansas. SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES According to Act 573 of the Acts of the General Assembly of Ar- kansas, 1923, the duties of the Office of the State Geologist are: (1) To * Information furnished by George C. Branner, State Geologist, March, 1932.

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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY ~ examine geologic structure; (2) to examine the various soils of the State; (3) to investigate the available water power of the streams of the State, and of the problems of flood control and land drainage; (~) to investigate methods of mining and mineral production; (~) to collect such specimens of rocks, ores, soils, fossils, organic remains and mineral compounds as well exemplify the geology, mineralogy and agronomy of the State; (6) to file names and addresses of individuals and corpora- tions interested in the development of mineral resources, and (~) of in- dividuals and companies who have deposits of minerals for development; (8) to prepare an accurate geologic map of the State; (9) to examine specimens of minerals submitted by citizens of the State; (10) to study the geology of the State in connection with the logs of oil and gas wells which are drilled; (11) to cooperate with the State Tax Department ifs investigations for tax purposes and inventory; and (12) to make a report on or before the first Monday of December of each year to the Governor. ORGANIZATION There is no governing board for the Office of State Geologist in Ar- kansas, and the office is not connected with any other department of the State government. The State Geologist is appointed by the Governor and is directly responsible to him. The title of the present executive, George C. Branner, is " The State Geologist." Mr. Brander was first appointed State Geologist on July 2, 1923, and has been reappointed for each succeeding biennium, by the Governor then in office. The term of once of the State Geologist is two years, with the provision that " the term shall expire at the same time as the term of State officials elected for biennial periods." The State Geologist gives his entire time to the work of the Survey. Compensation to him for services rendered is made by regular monthly salary, paid out of an appropriation made by the General Assembly for the support of the Office of State Geologist. All subordinates are appointed by the State Geologist. Act b73 of the Acts of the General Assembly of Arkansas for 1923 states that the State Geologist shall "appoint suitable assistants .... upon consultation with and approval of the Governor." The term of service of clerical sub- ordinates is not fixed. Their salaries are paid monthly. At the present ._ time there are four clerical subordinates and their salaries range from $80.00 to $135.00 per month. Part-time geologists are appointed by the State Geologist as their services are needed, and their term of service is according to agreement. At present no part-time geologists are employed. Other technical em

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THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND ployees are appointed by the State Geologist and serve for such time as their services are required. The Office of State Geologist is not connected with a University, col- lege, or with other State departments. APPROPRIATIONS The appropriations by the General Assembly of the State of Arkansas for the support of the Office of State Geologist for the last four final years are as follows: July 1, 192~June 30, 1929 July 1, l9~June 30, 1930 July 1, 1930 June 30, 1931 July 1, 1931-June 30, 1932 $61,180 55,600 55,600 35,000 The amounts received for the fiscal years 1928-1929 and 1929-1930 were contingent upon the provision of Act 142 of the Acts of the General Assembly of 1927, which provides for the support of the Office of State Geologist. This act provides for the levying of a severance tax of one- tenth of one per cent of the gross cash market value on all minerals severed excepting coal and manganese. The tax on manganese for the support of this office is one-tenth of one cent per ton. No part of the tax collected on coal is allotted to the Geologist Fund. Funds to apply on the appropriations for the fiscal years 1930-1931 and 1931-1932 were, and will be, derived from the severance tax above explained, and in addition support was obtained from the provisions of Act 293 of 1931, approved April I, 1931. This act transfers the tax known as " Saxld and Gravel Tax " to the State Geologist Fund. This tax is 2: cents on each cubic yard of sand and five cents on each cubic yard of gravel which is taken from state-owned stream beds. This act became effective April I, 1932. In addition to the tax revenue described, some support is obtained from the sale of Survey publications. The actual receipts from the revenues obtained from severance tax, sand and gravel tax, and from the sale of reports and maps for the last four fiscal years are as follows: Severance Sand and Sale of Miscel- Appropri Fi.s~al years tax gravel tax publications lanecus Totals ations 1927-1928 $32,829.15 ........ ........ ...... $32,829.15 $61,180 1928-192g 29,155.30 ........ ........ ...... 29,155.30 61,18~) l9Q9-1930 26,683.77 ........ $3,321.84 $500.00 30,415,29 55,600 1930-1931 15,120.69 $3,305.33 3,045.51 105.86 21,577.39 55,600 The appropriations are biennial, with the amounts available for each of the two fiscal years as stated above.

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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 9 ~ The estimated expenditures for the fiscal year 1931-1932 are given below in percentages based on our estimated income of $16,930.00 for the fiscal year 1931-1932. ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES FOR FISCAL YEAR 1931-1932 Topography ........... Geology ............... Water investigation (stream gaging)..... Printing ............................. Administrative and routine clerical.... Per cent 0.0 8.2 6.0 4.8 81.0 100.0 Approximately 71 per cent of the State is covered by topographic maps, 40 per cent having been done on a scale of I/12b,000, and one per cent on a scale of 1/62,~00, by the United States Geological Survey; and 30 per cent on a scale of 1762,500 by the Mississippi River Commission. PUBLICATIONS Since 1911 nineteen publications hate been issued by the Arkansas Geological Survey five geologic reports, two reports on water resources and stream gaging, one information circular, two administrative reports, five pamphlets, and four State maps. The maps include one geologic map, two topographic maps and one oil and gas well map. The funds for publication are quite inadequate at this time. An in- crease of at least fifty per cent of the estimated receipts for the present fiscal year would be necessary before any publication program of any im- portance could be undertaken. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 1911 The principal accomplishment of the Survey from 1911 to 1923 was the publication of a report issued under Professor A. A:. Purdue en- titled " A Preliminary Report on White River and Some of Its Tribu- taries," by W. N. Gladson. From July, 1923, to the present time, the Arkansas Geological Survey has. carried on seven independent geologic investigations and has joined with the United States Geological Survey in three cooperative geologic projects, the topographic mapping of one 15-minute quadrangle, and a state-wide stream-gaging program.