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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 67 PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 1911 In addition to the publications mentioned, probably the most im- portant work of the Bureau during the time it was active, from 1919 to 1921, was the publication of a geological map of the eastern and central portions of the State, on a scale of 1: 500,000. In 1923 a similar areal map of the western portion of the State was completed, but has not yet been published, because of lack of funds. These two maps are now being combined on one base and will be issued as a new Reconnaissance Geologic Hap of the State of Montana, in cooperation with the United States Geological Survey. PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORN The major program of the Bureau at present is its geological work. Economic studies of ground-water are being continued, a bulletin on the extensive natural gas resources of Montana is in preparation, studies of gold-mining districts, both lode and placer, are being made, and im- portant structural studies of Rocky Mountain building are in progress. In addition to geologic work, research in age-hardening of metals and in the fundamentals of flotation concentration are included in the program. NEBRASKA * The Nebraska Geological Survey, as now constituted, was reorganized in 1919 by act of the Legislature. It is housed in Nebraska lIall on the University of Nebraska campus. Mail, etc., should be addressed to Station A, Lincoln, Nebraska. SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES The scope of work of the Geological Survey is- about the same as for other states. The precise activities are determined by the Director of the Survey who is Dean of the Conservation and Survey Division. ORGANIZATION The Survey is a department of the Conservation and Survey Division of the University of Nebraska. This division includes, among other de- partments, the State Soil Survey and the State Water Survey. The * Information furnished under the direction of G. E. Condra, Director, March, lga2. '.
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68 THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND governing board is the Board of Regents of the University of Nebraska. The executive officer is the Director, appointed by the University Board of Regents. He receives an annual salary, about half of which is charge- able to the State Geological Survey. The present director, G. E. Condra, was appointed in 1919. The clerical force is assigned for work on the different departments of the Conservation and Survey Division. It requires the time of about one person for the Geological Survey. The part-time services of a professor in the Department of Chemistry are employed for chemical examina- tions made for the Geological Survey. No employees are working now on topography. A professor in the University Department of Geology is employed during the summer for Water Survey work which is done in cooperation with the United States Geological Survey. During most of the year, two assistants are employed for work on the Water Survey. The salaries of these technical employees range from $100 to $225 a month. No undergraduates are employed. As noted, the Survey is ~ State Department but definitely a part of the University of Nebraska. APPROPRIATIONS There are no funds contingent on appropriations made by the Federal Government or from other sources. There is no support from royalties. The fund is voted by the Legislature, to the Conservation and Survey Division, without restriction as to apportionment to different depart- ments. The Dean of the University has authority to determine the amount of this fund that is to be used for the Geological Survey. As noted, all funds are voted by the Legislature for the biennium which begins July 1. The amount of money set aside for the Geological Survey is indefinite and variable. It is about $20,000' for the past year, and it will be this amount, or a little more, for the ensuing year. It is estimated that approximately eighteen per cent of the appropri- ation is spent on administrative and clerical work, thirty-four per cent on geologic (including geographic and paleontologic studies), thirty-one per cent on water survey work, and seventeen per cent on publications. The Soil Survey is supported by $10,000 a year. This is a separate department under the Conservation and Survey Division. Approximately thirty-seven per cent of the State has been mapped topographically. PUBLICATIONS The Geological Survey proper issues but one series of publications. These are known as Bulletins and to date eleven have been published,