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THE VISITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 69 five in a First Series and six in a Second Series. The Second Series dates from the reorganization of the Survey in 1919. The Survey has not been hampered by lack of funds, nor does it expect to ask for an increase. On the contrary, it is planning to request; a decrease, owing to the financial situation. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 1911 All of the work of the present organization has been accomplished since 1919. In addition to the regular administrative duties and routine work of the Survey, various studies have been made and reports published. The investigations have included systematic paleontologic studies, strati- graphic studies and correlations of various formations in the State, a report on the deep wells of Nebraska, the geology of several counties, a study of the Cretaceous formations of the State, of the Pleistocene de- posits of Nebraska, an investigation of the water resources of the Platte Valley, made in cooperation with the United States Geological Survey, and so forth. PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORD The present work of the Survey includes the continuation of the in- vestigation of ground water resources in the Platte Valley, in coopera- tion with the United States Geological Survey, and the subsurface de- termination of well cuttings. Studies of various groups of fossils of the Pennsylvanian and Permian are in progress, and the completion of re- ports on the Bryozoa and the Cephalopods is planned. Geologic and soil surveys are to be made of several counties and the areal distribution of the Permian formations is to be a matter of special study. PREVIOUS SURVEY ORGANIZATIONS Sir. E. H. Barbour was appointed Acting State Geologist by the Governor in 1891. The Geological Survey was created by the State Legislature in 1893. This Survey continued under the direction of E. H. Barbour, who was also head of the instructional Department of Geology at the University, but the Survey was without sufficient funds for its activities. The Survey was reorganized into its existing form in 1919. NEVADA ~ The Nevada State Bureau of Hines was organized on March 29, 1929, and is located at the Mackay School of Mines, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada. * Information furnished by J. A. Fulton, Director, March, 1932.

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70 THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND SC O P E O F 1LC TIVITIES The duties of the Bureau are to conduct a thorough mineral surrey of the State, to catalog every mineral deposit, both metallic and non- metallic, to make analysis of the same, and to compile and publish statistics on Nevada. mining. The Bureau is also responsible for the collection of a mining library, and of geologic and mineralogic specimens. O R G A NIZA TIO N The Bureau is under the supervision of the University of Nevada Board of Regents, which consists of five members elected for terms of ten years. The members of the Board receive no compensation. The chief executive of the Bureau is the Director, appointed by the Board of Regents for an indefinite term of office. The present incumbent, John A. Fulton, was appointed on March 29, 1929, at the time of the organiza- tion of the Bureau. The Director is also Director of the Mackay School of Mines and devotes one-half of his time to Bureau work. He receives an annual salary fixed by the Board of Regents. The subordinate staff consists of two part-time clerical assistants, and one full-time and one part-time geologist. In addition to the above, the staff of the Mackay School of Mines is also on the staff of the State Bureau of Mines, and consists of one geologist, one mineralogist, one analyst, one metallurgist, and one mining engineer, all of whom serve without any compensation except that received from the School funds. These appointments are all made by recommendation to the President of the University and are subject to approval by the Board of Regents. The State Bureau of Mines engineer receives $2,400 per year, and the part-time man $1,200 per year from State funds. During the summer time geologic work is carried on and from three to four advanced students are used in this work under the supervision of the professor of geology in the school. These students receive from $50 to $75 per month and found. A PP R O P RIA TIO N S The Bureau is financed by biennial appropriations made by the State. Since organization of the Bureau, these appropriations have been as follows: M arch 29, 192g to Decem her 31,1g30$10,000 January 1, lg31 to June 30, 19315,000 July 1, 1931 to June 30, 193320,000

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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 71 It is estimated that approximately thirty-two per cent of the appro- priation is spent for administrative work, while forty-five per cent is spent on geological work, and twenty-three per cent on other items. Approximately thirty-seven per cent of the State has been satis- actorily mapped topographically, although this work is not financed from Bureau funds. PUBLICATIONS The Bureau has issued ten publications, dealing almost entirely with subjects related to mineral resources, mining districts, etc. One report, on " Non-metal Occurrences in Nevada.," has been submitted for pub- lication but is not yet issued. PRINCIPAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 1929 Since the Bureau was organized in 1929 it has published the several bulletins as already stated, and has also conducted a great many field investigations of mining districts throughout the State. These trips have included investigations of mining districts, and inspection of prospectors' workings with the object of advising and helping them in their explora- tory work. At the time the Legislature created the State Bureau of Mines in March, 1939, it also appropriated $iO,000 for the biennium, to carry on cooperative work with the IJnited States Geological Survey. The Com- mission to supervise this work was composed of the Governor, the At- torney General, and the Director of the Mackay School of Hines. The work accomplished during the first biennial period consisted of mapping the south half of the Lovelock quadrangle, and a. geologic survey of, and report on, the IJnderground Geology of the Western Part of the Tonopah Mining District, Nevada. The work accomplished during the first bien- nium was :not as great as had been hoped, because the Act was so worded that something more than $3,000 unexpended balance, as of the end of the year, December al, automatically reverted to the General Fund at that time. The next appropriation, however, so changed the Act that now the money is available until spent. The appropriation by the 1931 Legislature was a total of $20,000. During this period a survey of the brucite deposit near Luning, and the Searchlight District, Clark County, was made by the United States Geological Survey. The north half of the Lovelock quadrangle was finished; Range quadrangle were surveye Eureka area was made. . some 700 square miles in. the Sonoma , and a new topographic survey of the