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OCR for page 84
84 THE STATE GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS AND lication. A special printing appropriation to clear away the arrears has been sought but not granted. An increase of twenty-five per cent in the available printing funds, however, has been granted for the cur- rent year. ACCOMPLISHMENTS SINCE 1911 In the period from 1911 to date, considerable progress has been made in mapping the geology of the State on the base of the United States Geological Survey topographic sheets scale approximately one mile to the inch. The only complete geologic map now available is on the scale of five miles to the inch. The area actually covered in that time has been about 2,750 square miles, bringing the total thus surveyed.on the larger scale, in round figures, to 18,000 square miles, or a little more than one- third of the aggregate surface. In addition, areal maps of glacial phe- nomena have been prepared for about 450 square miles. The quadrangle maps are accompanied by descriptive reports in bulletin form. Studies of particular glacial features are the subject of four bulletins. In the fields of paleontology and stratigraphic classification, eight bulletins and two memoirs (paleontology) have been published. Economic geology is the subject of eighteen bulletins, general geology of four, all published since 1911. The list also includes five popular guides in the form of handbooks. Public interest in geological work has shown a substantial growth in the last few years with the result that many reports issued a few years since are already out of print, although effort is made to gauge the popu- lar demand in the size of the edition. PRESENT MAIN LINES OF WORK Current activities include the geologic mapping of several quadrangles in different parts of the State, the preparation of economic reports on gas and the limestone resources, respectively, and a memoir on grapto- lites of North America. Cooperation with the United States Geological Survey is maintained in the collection of mineral statistics, which are compiled and published in reports dealing with current developments in the mining and quarry industries. NORTH CAROLINA * The Division of Mineral Resources, State Department of Conservation and Development, has offices at Raleigh, North Carolina. * Information furnished by H. A. Bryson, State Geologist, March, 1932.

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THE UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY 80 SCOPE OF ACTIVITIES It is the duty of the North Carolina Division of Mineral Resources by investigation, recommendation, and publication to aid (a) in the promotion of the conservation and development of the natural resources of the State; (b) in promoting a more profitable use of lands, forests, and waters; (c) in promoting the development of commerce and industry; (d) in coordinating existing scientific investigations and other related agencies in formulating and promoting sound policies of conservation and development; and (e) in collecting and classifying the facts derived from such investigations, and from other agencies of the State, as a source of information easily accessible to the citizens of the State and to the public generally, setting forth the natural, economic, industrial, and commercial advantages of the State. ORGANIZATION The department consists of eight divisions, of which the Division of Mineral Resources is a unit. Colonel J. W. Harrelson is Director, and H. J. Bryson the State Geologist. The State Geologist is appointed by the Governor with the approval of the Board of Conservation and De- velopment. This Board consists of twelve members holding offiee for a term of six years each, the terms of four expiring each succeeding two years. State Geologist Bryson was appointed in September, 1926. One clerk is also employed by the Division. The Survey is not connected with any institution in an official capacity. APPROPRIATIONS The Division of Mineral Resources is supported by direct State ap- propriations over a period of two fiscal years or by the biennium. Appro- priations for 1928-29 amounted to $12,000; in 1930-1931, $13,100. Virtually all of the appropriations go to administrative work, including salary of geologist and stenographer, traveling expenses, and printing. About fifty per cent of the State is satisfactorily mapped topo- graphieally. PUBLICATIONS Under the administration of the North Carolina Geological and Eco- nomie Survey, 1905-192d, twenty-two Bulletins, forty-seven Economic Papers, eleven Circulars, five special volumes, and ten Biennial Reports were published. The Bulletins deal largely with geologic subjects, while many of the Economic Papers and Circulars treat of problems connected with drainage, waterpower, high~-a~t construction, forestry and so forth.