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LEARNING FROM EXE'ERIEN()E : Evaluadng Eartr Childhood Demonsh~hon Programs Jeffrey R. Travers and Richard J. Light Ed itors Panel on Outcome Measurement in Early Childhood Demonstration Programs Committee on Child Development Research and Public Policy Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences National Research Council NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS Washington, D.C. 1982

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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report Divas approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the Councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the Committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was established by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and of advising the federal government. The Council operates in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy under the authority of its congressional charter of 1863, which establishes the Academy as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation. The Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in the conduct of their services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering co~nmunities. It is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicine were established in 1964 and 1970, respectively, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences. Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Main entry under title: Learning from experience. Includes bibliographical references. 1. Child development--United States--Addresses, essays, lectures. 2. Education, Preschool--United States--Addresses, essays, lectures. I. Travers, Jeffrey R. II. Light, Richard J. III. National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Outcome Measurement in Early Childhood Demonstration Programs. LB1115.L33 370.15'2 81-22595 ISBN 0-309-03232-6 AACR2 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20418 Printed in the United States of America

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Pane] on Outcome Measurement in Early Childhood Demonstration Programs Richard J. Light, (Chair), Graduate School of Education and J.F.K. School of Government, Harvard University Rochelle Beck, Children's Defense Fund, Washington, D.C. Joan S. Bissell, Employment Development Department, Sacramento, California Urie Bronfenbrenner, Department of Human Development and Family Studies Cornell University (member until 1980) Geraldine Kearse Brookins, Department of Psychology, Jackson State University Anthony S. Bryk, Graduate School of Education, Harvard University Dennis J. Deloria, Administration for Children, Youth, and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services William S. Hall, Center for the Study of Reading, University of Illinois Robert W. Hartman, The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C e Pablo Navarro-Hernandez, Department of Anthropology, Inter-American University of Puerto Rico (member until 1980) Barbara Heyns, The Center for Applied Social Science Research, New York University Melvin D. Levine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts Carry L. McDaniels, General Accounting Office, Washington, D.C. Samuel Messick, Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey David P. Weikart, High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, Michigan Lee J. Cronbach (ex officio), Member, Committee on Ability Testing, School of Education, Stanford University Staff Jeffrey R. Travers, Consultant/Study Director Janie Stokes, Administrative Secretary . . .

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Committee on Child Development Research and Public Policy Alfred J. Kahn, (Chair), School of Social Work, Columbia University Eleanor E. Maccoby, (Vice Chair), Department of Psychology, Stanford University Urie Bronfenbrenner, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Cornell University John P. Demos, Department of History, Brandeis University Rochel Gelman, Department of Psychology, The University of Pennsylvania Joel F. Handler, School of Law, University of Wisconsin Eileen Mavis Hetherington, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia Robert B. Hill, National Urban League, Inc., Washington, DeC. John H. Kennell, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University Frank Levy, The Urban Institute, Washington, D.C. Richard J. Light, Graduate School of Education and J.F.K. School of Government, Harvard University Laurence E. Lynn, Jr., J.F.K. School of Government, Harvard University Robert H. Mnookin, School of Law, Stanford University William A. Morrill, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, New Jersey Richard R. Nelson, Department of Economics, Yale University Constance B. Newman, Newman and Hermanson Company, Washington, D.C. John U. Ogbu, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley Arthur H. Parmelee, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Los Angeles Harold A. Richman, School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago Roberta Simmons, Department of Sociology, University of Minnesota Jack L. Walker, Institute of Public Policy Studies, University of Michigan Robin M. Williams, Jr., Department of Sociology, Cornell University 1V

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Wayne Holtzman (ex officio), Chair, Panel on Selection and Placement of Students in Programs for the Mentally Retarded; Hog g Foundation for Mental Health, University of Texas Sheila B. Kamerman (ex officio), Chair, Panel on Work, Family, and Community; School of Social Work, Columbia University

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