is not going to go to a center or send samples to centers, and that is really ingrained in the culture. So, I think where this and the model of high-energy physics and radio astronomy and so on will be most successful is where there are instruments that no one is going to have in his own backyard. I am not so sure about electron microscopes. Maybe very high level electron microscopes might work, but I think that is where you will get a collaboratory. If I can do the experiment in my own backyard or find somebody to finance it, I will probably do that.

Bridget Carragher: Absolutely. And I would always choose to do that myself. I run a big facility with 12 microscopes in it, but if people have it in their own network they should stay there. That is where all their stuff is. That is where their colleagues, their students, and their notebooks are. But that is really also the idea of running these experiments remotely and automatically. You are just sitting at your desk with all your stuff around you, and you are not going to a center. And certainly really decent electron microscopes these days cost $1.5 million to $2 million each. You are not going to have more than a dozen or so of those in the country. You could have thousands of people doing this. The other idea with running these instruments continuously is that if one costs $2 million, you want it up 7 days a week, 24 hours a day. You do not want that machine sitting idle.

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