Items and Measures

Educational aspirations (two items: scored 1 to 5)

What is highest level of education you would like to achieve?

And realistically speaking, what is the highest level of education you think you will get?

1 = Less than high school, 2 = High school, 3 = Some college, 4 = Finish college,

5 = Finish a graduate degree

English proficiency index (four items: scored 1 to 4)

How well do you (speak, understand, read, write) English?

1 = Not at all, 2 = Not well, 3 = Well, 4 = Very well

Foreign language index (four items: scored 1 to 4)

How well do you (speak, understand, read, write) [foreign languages]?

1 = Not at all, 2 = Not well, 3 = Well, 4 = Very well



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