. "Appendix A Excerpts from the National Science Education Standards." Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards: A Guide for Teaching and Learning. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2000.
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Inquiry and the National Science Education Standards: A Guide for Teaching and Learning
• Recognize and analyze alter explanations and predictions.
Students should develop the ability to listen to and respect the explanations proposed by other students. They should remain open to and acknowledge different ideas and explanations, be able to accept the skepticism of others, and consider alternative explanations.
• Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.
With practice, students should become competent at communicating experimental methods, following instructions, describing observations, summarizing the results of other groups, and telling other students about investigations and explanations.
• Use mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry.
Mathematics is essential to asking and answering questions about the natural world. Mathematics can be used to ask questions; to gather, organize, and present data; and to structure convincing explanations.
FUNDAMENTAL ABILITIES OF INQUIRY:GRADES 9-12
• Identify questions and concepts that guide scientific investigations.
Students should formulate a testable hypothesis and demonstrate the logical connections between the scientific concepts guiding a hypothesis and the design of an experiment. They should demonstrate appropriate procedures, a knowledge base, and conceptual understanding of scientific investigations.