F

Fact-based learning/memorization, xii, 14, 80, 116, 118, 127, 150

vocabulary development, 68, 83, 125, 133-134, 138

Feedback and revision

student, 82, 84

teacher professional development, 89

Field experiences, 66-73, 150

museums, 92, 99-101, 102, 121, 149

teacher professional development, 92, 99-101, 102, 111-112

Formative assessments, 76, 79, 80, 85

see also Questions

Funding

National Science Foundation, 124, 138-139

study at hand, xix

G

Grades 5 to 8

content standards, 19, 20, 48

fundamental abilities, 163-165

fundamental understandings, 169-170

vignettes, 92, 99-101, 102, 111-112

Grades 9 to 12

community-centered environments, 123

content standards, 19, 20

fundamental abilities, 165-167

fundamental understandings, 170-171

vignettes, 60-73

H

Hands-on instruction, general, 138

myths about, 36

teacher education, 93, 106-109

see also Experimentation;

Investigations

Hebart, J., 33-34

High school, see Grades 9 to 12

Historical perspectives, 14-18, 144

content standards, 20

curricula, 16-18, 33-34, 124-125

instructional models, 16-17, 33-34, 124-125, 126

myths about inquiry-based learning, 36-37

research on inquiry, 17, 34, 124-125

as teaching tool, 56-57, 58, 59, 170

How People Learn, 116, 121

Hypotheses, see Explanations

I

Inference, see Logical thinking

Instructional materials, 15-16, 28, 138-139, 144, 148-149, 191

kit-based instruction, 36, 148-149

myths about, 36

safety concerns, 179

selection, 137, 173-179

teachers’ guides, 175, 177, 178-179, 190

technology, use of, 179

textbooks, 15, 16, 96, 140, 148

video tapes, 90, 105, 106-107, 191

vignettes, 39, 40, 44-45

see also Equipment and supplies

Instruments, see Equipment and supplies

Intermediate Science Curriculum Study, 17

Internet, 138, 176, 189-191

Investigations, 10, 13, 14, 161, 163, 165, 168, 169, 170, 171

content standards, 19, 20

frequently asked questions about inquiry, 131-132

instructional materials assessment, 176

student-initiated, 6-10, 131-132, 173, 176

teacher professional development, 89, 99-100

teaching standards, 22, 23

vignettes, 7, 40, 44, 47, 51-54, 66, 69

see also Evidence-based explanations;

Experimentation;

Vignettes

J

Journals, student, 82

vignettes, 67, 81

K

Kindergarten to Grade 4, 43, 190

assessment of, 81

content standards, 19, 20, 41

fundamental abilities, 161-162

fundamental understandings, 168

instructional models, 34

teacher professional development, 95-105

vignettes, 40-48, 95-105



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement