TABLE 4-2 US Chemical Pesticide Market by Category (1997 Sales)

Product

Sales, billions of dollars

%

Herbicides

6.8

57.5

Insecticides

3.6

29.9

Fungicides & Other

1.5

12.6

Total

11.9a

100.0

aThis estimate for the US pesticide market is larger than other estimates for 1997 sales because it includes expenditures for some nonagricultural pesticide applications. This includes applications by owner/operators and custom/commercial applicators to industry, commercial and governmental facilities, buildings, sites, and land; and homeowner applications to homes and gardens, including lawns.

Source: Aspelin and Grube, 1999.

TABLE 4-3 Global Biopesticide Market (in millions of dollars).

 

Year

 

Market

1997

1998

1999

2004a

% change (1999-2004)

Microbial

65

66

67

72

7.5

Transgenic plants

405

429

455

610

34.1

Miscellaneous

180

184

188

208

10.6

Total

650

679

710

890

25.4

aestimated

Source: Eppes, in press.

pesticides are the Bacillus thuringiensis-based (Bt-based) microbial pesticides with current sales of about $140 million. More than 40% of Bt sales are in the United States. Rapid growth of Bt-based biopesticides is occurring as replacements of competitive chemical products that are being banned or phased out in environmentally sensitive areas, in consumer and export markets in which concerns about food residue is high, and in organic food production.

The Industry
Agricultural-Chemical Companies

Of sales revenue of agricultural-chemical companies 7–13% is spent on pesticide research and development. The 1997 pesticide sales of leading agrichemical companies are ranked in Figure 4-1.



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