TABLE 4-7 Reduced-Risk Pesticides registered with US EPA since 1994

Chemical

Pesticide type

Use

Year registered

Acibenzolar-S-methyl

Plant activator

Tomato, lettuce, tobacco

Pending

Alpha-Metolachlor

Herbicide

All metolachlor uses

1997

Azoxystrobin

Fungicide

Turf

1997

Azoxystrobin

Fungicide

Almond, cucurbit, rice, wheat

1997

Azoxystrobina

Fungicide

Grape, banana, peach, tomato, pecan, peanut

1997

Bifenazate

Insecticide

Ornamentals

1999

Cadre

Herbicide

Peanut

1996

Carfentrazone

Herbicide

Wheat, corn

1998

Cyprodinil

Fungicide

Stone fruit

1998

Diflubenzurona

Insecticide

Below ground termite bait station

1998

Diflufenzopyr

Herbicide

Corn

1999

DPX-MP062

Insecticide

Cotton, tomato, pepper, cole crops, lettuce, sweet corn, apple, pear

Pending

Fenhexamid

Fungicide

Grape, strawberry, ornamental

1999

Fludioxonil

Fungicide

Corn

1995

Fludioxonil

Fungicide

Various seed treatments

pending

Fludioxonil1

Fungicide

Potato

1997

Hexaflumuron

Termiticide

Below-ground bait station

1994

Hexaflumurona

Termiticide

Above-ground bait station

1997

Hymexazol

Fungicide

Sugar beets

1995

Imazamox

Herbicide

Soybeans

1997

Mefenoxam

Fungicide

Ornamentals, citrus, nuts, fruit trees

1996

Methyl anthranilate

Bird repellent

Food crops

1994

Pymetrozine

Insecticide

Potato, cucurbit, tomato, tobacco

1999

Pyriproxyfen

Insecticide

Cotton

pending

S-Dimethenamid

Herbicide

Corn, soybean, peanut

1999

Spinosad

Insecticide

Cotton

1997

Tebufenozide

Insecticide

Walnuts

1995

Tebufenozide

Insecticide

Pome fruit, cotton, leafy vegetables, cole crops, sugarcane, pecan, forestry, fruiting Vegetables, Ornamentals

pending

Trifloxystrobin

Fungicide

Pome fruit, grape, cucurbit, peanut, turf, banana

1999

aNew uses of existing active ingredients.

Source: adapted from Aspelin and Grube, 1999.



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