TABLE 2-2 Pounds of Pesticide Active Ingredient per Planted Acre in Major US crops, 1990–1997

 

1964

1966

1971

1976

1982

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

Crop Herbicides

Corn

0.387

0.693

1.362

2.454

2.974

2.932

2.767

2.829

2.758

2.723

2.615

2.661

2.640

Cotton

0.312

0.631

1.587

1.571

1.829

1.710

1.850

1.949

1.756

2.085

1.943

1.893

2.115

Wheat

0.165

0.152

0.216

0.273

0.226

0.215

0.195

0.241

0.254

0.294

0.289

0.403

0.342

Soybeans

0.133

0.279

0.840

1.614

1.880

12.870

1.181

1.139

1.066

1.124

1.088

1.212

1.181

Potatoes

0.989

1.482

1.521

1.254

1.256

1.687

1.777

1.643

1.805

2.048

2.074

1.992

1.762

Other vegetables

0.670

1.005

1.061

1.696

1.984

1.735

1.700

1.658

1.671

1.681

1.909

2.126

2.127

Citrus

0.265

0.397

0.457

3.970

5.556

6.635

7.176

6.208

5.385

4.908

4.455

4.170

3.913

Apples

0.617

0.924

0.389

1.427

1.548

0.815

0.823

0.883

0.868

1.307

1.739

1.735

1.987

Crop Insecticides

Corn

0.238

0.356

0.344

0.379

0.368

0.313

0.303

0.264

0.253

0.219

0.211

0.202

0.218

Cotton

5.259

9.271

5.937

5.503

1.692

1.100

0.584

1.156

1.146

1.742

1.772

1.278

1.398

Wheat

0.016

0.016

0.032

0.090

0.033

0.013

0.003

0.017

0.003

0.028

0.013

0.030

0.017

Soybeans

0.158

0.086

0.129

0.157

0.164

0.000

0.007

0.007

0.005

0.003

0.008

0.006

0.011

Potatoes

1.111

1.984

1.934

2.318

2.898

2.566

2.559

2.614

2.816

3.107

2.217

1.717

2.423

Other vegetables

2.532

2.352

2.610

1.775

2.039

1.662

1.627

1.572

1.554

1.545

1.511

1.491

1.503

Citrus

1.825

3.213

2.554

3.843

4.687

4.678

4.706

5.079

5.597

5.215

4.929

4.805

4.783

Apples

23.993

20.185

12.011

8.960

7.898

8.220

8.230

8.609

8.894

8.279

7.609

7.375

7.285

Crop Fungicides

Corn

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Cotton

0.012

0.036

0.018

0.004

0.018

0.080

0.050

0.060

0.052

0.080

0.059

0.034

0.065

Wheat

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.011

0.013

0.002

0.001

0.017

0.010

0.014

0.007

0.003

0.001

Soybeans

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.004

0.001

0.000

0.000

0.001

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Potatoes

2.463

2.357

2.880

2.962

3.094

2.006

2.274

2.689

3.177

4.449

5.722

4.945

7.930

Other vegetables

1.384

1.179

1.789

1.581

3.056

4.553

4.738

4.946

5.482

6.045

6.469

6.902

6.920

Citrus

6.314

4.559

7.754

4.922

4.312

3.950

4.235

3.837

3.485

3.681

3.791

3.626

3.478

Apples

17.173

20.190

17.919

16.093

13.512

9.778

9.259

9.713

9.978

10.022

10.000

11.497

13.245

Crop Other pesticidesa

Corn

0.001

0.008

0.006

0.006

0.002

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Cotton

0.838

1.373

1.513

1.088

0.824

1.230

1.103

1.193

0.945

1.137

1.163

1.278

1.340

Wheat

0.000

0.001

0.005

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Soybeans

0.000

0.001

0.001

0.040

0.034

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

Potatoes

0.069

0.006

4.467

6.095

11.658

25.055

18.621

24.122

28.664

35.734

27.969

25.343

30.837

Other vegetables

1.777

0.164

1.084

1.584

2.834

6.100

6.510

6.918

8.062

9.217

10.764

12.341

12.337

Citrus

1.971

0.766

1.072

0.179

0.006

0.016

a

a

a

0.102

0.200

0.600

1.100

Apples

2.298

2.564

1.363

1.424

1.003

0.104

0.206

0.221

0.217

0.218

0.217

0.217

0.221

Crop All pesticide types

Corn

0.626

1.057

1.712

2.839

3.344

3.245

3.070

3.092

3.011

2.943

2.825

2.864

2.858

Cotton

6.421

11.311

9.055

8.166

4.363

4.120

3,580

4.350

3.892

5.036

4.943

4.483

4.925

Wheat

0.181

0.169

0.253

0.374

0.272

0.230

0.197

0.273

0.265

0.338

0.311

0.435

0.362

Soybeans

0.291

0.366

0.970

1.815

2.079

12.870

1.190

1.146

1.071

1.127

1.098

1.216

1.193

Potatoes

4.632

5.829

10.802

12.629

18.906

31.314

25.302

31.068

36.462

45.339

37.983

33.997

42.952

Other vegetables

6.363

4.700

6.544

6.636

9.913

14.050

14.575

15.094

16.799

18.487

20.679

22.860

22.887

Citrus

10.375

8.935

11.837

12.914

14.561

15.279

16.118

15.237

14.467

13.906

13.270

13.146

13.043

Apples

44.081

43.863

31.682

27.904

23.961

18.917

18.724

19.426

20.174

19.826

19.565

21.041

22.737

anone reported or too little reported to make an estimate.

Source: Lin et al.,1995; Padgitt et al., 2000.



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