women are missing from only about 12 percent of all Army occupations with 10 or more personnel, a percentage considerably lower than is found in the U.S. Marine Corps, the U.S. Navy, or the U.S. Department of Defense as a whole—even though women are prohibited from serving in ground combat operations, in which 30 percent of Army enlisted personnel can be found. (It is worth noting that only 35 percent of all military enlisted occupations were open to women when the nation initiated the all-volunteer force.)

Table 6.5 shows racial/ethnic distributions across enlisted occupational areas. As seen here, whites, Hispanics, and "others" tend to be concentrated in the infantry; blacks tend to be most highly concentrated in functional support and administration. The level of these concentrations can be better observed in Table 6.6, which shows the proportion of all enlistees in each occupa-

TABLE 6.5

Percentage Distribution of Army Enlisted Personnel, Active Duty, by Occupational Area and Racial/Ethnic Group, September 1996

Occupational Area and Codea

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Total

(0) Infantry, gun crews, and seamanship specialities

32.3

22.6

31.1

27.3

29.0

(1) Electronic equipment repairers

6.8

6.3

6.0

6.3

6.

(2) Communications and intelligence specialists

11.5

6.7

8.0

8.1

9.6

(3) Medical and dental specialists

6.9

8.1

8.4

9.9

7.5

(4) Other allied specialists

3.0

2.7

2.8

3.0

2.9

(5) Functional support and administration

11.0

26.3

18.6

19.0

16.6

(6) Electrical/mechanical equipment repairers

14.8

11.4

13.1

14.4

13.7

(7) Craftsmen

1.9

2.0

1.7

1.9

1.9

(8) Service and supply handlers

11.1

13.7

9.4

9.6

11.6

(9) Nonoccupational

0.8

0.2

1.0

0.4

0.6

Totalb

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

a Based on the Department of Defense (DoD) occupational conversion index. DoD numerical designator appears in parentheses.

b Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

SOURCE: Defense Manpower Data Center, Monterey, California.



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