TABLE 6.6

Racial/Ethnic Composition (in Percent) of Army Occupational Areas, Active-Duty Enlisted Personnel, September 1996

Occupational Area and Codea

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Totalb

(0) Infantry, gun crews, and seamanship specialities

63.9

23.3

6.7

6.1

100.0

(1) Electronic equipment repairers

59.5

28.6

5.7

6.2

100.0

(2) Communications and intelligence specialists

68.7

20.7

5.2

5.5

100.0

(3) Medical and dental specialists

52.3

32.2

6.9

8.5

100.0

(4) Other allied specialists

59.3

27.9

6.1

6.8

100.0

(5) Functional support and administration

38.2

47.4

6.9

7.4

100.0

(6) Electrical/mechanical equipment repairers

62.3

24.9

5.9

6.8

100.0

(7) Craftsmen

57.3

31.0

5.3

6.4

100.0

(8) Service and supply handlers

54.5

35.2

5.0

5.3

100.0

(9) Nonoccupational

74.5

10.6

10.3

4.6

100.0

All areasb

57.5

29.9

6.2

6.4

a Based on the Department of Defense (DoD) occupational conversion index. DoD numerical designator appears in parentheses.

b Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

SOURCE: Defense Manpower Data Center, Monterey, California.

tional area according to racial/ethnic group. As the table shows, blacks account for over 47 percent of all active-duty enlisted personnel in functional support; this compares with 38 percent of whites, who comprise 58 percent of enlisted personnel as a whole. Aside from this disparity—as well as in the area of communications and intelligence specialists for whites and blacks—levels of racial/ethnic representation in Army occupations are reasonably close to the proportions found in the entire enlisted force.

As with women, patterns of participation for racial/ethnic groups in the enlisted force are similar to those seen in the officer corps (see Table 6.7). For example, whites tend to be more highly concentrated than other racial/ethnic groups in tactical operations, corresponding to their overrepresentation in the enlisted infantry. The largest proportions of each racial/ethnic minority



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