sented about the factors that are interrelated to work structures is that Army decision makers need to see the design of jobs, work structures, and occupations as tightly linked to their changing missions, technologies, workforce demographics and family structures, and employment practices. The committee therefore recommends that Army decision makers think about the interconnections among these factors and take them into account in structuring work to meet the mission requirements and the needs of those who will be part of the Army of the future.

Application of O*NET™

The Army's ability to efficiently manage its personnel, in the complex and rapidly changing contexts expected for future missions, would be enhanced by an occupational analysis system that efficiently links workforce capabilities with mission planning and provides the structure for recruiting, training, assignment, and promotion of personnel. Such a system would provide all the information needed for such tasks as assembling a special operation in the field or for developing training requirements for a combined military occupational specialty.

Having considered the advantages of O*NET™, the committee sees that it offers promise for meeting the future occupational analysis needs of the Army. AP*NET, an adaptation of O*NET™ proposed by Russell et al., (1995), has several useful features. It will (1) be useful to manpower, personnel, and training professionals and to Army commanders; (2) contain linked readiness, occupations, and training databases that allow easy access to descriptions of training courses that teach a particular skill, to lists of soldiers who have skills and abilities relevant to a particular type of mission, and to Army jobs that have similar requirements; (3) have a menu-driven, user-oriented interface that allows users to access data at the level of aggregation and specificity that is best suited to the application. In adapting O*NET™, the Army would have to develop Army-specific cross-job descriptors; equipment and technology descriptors to be linked to tasks; a taxonomy of missions and linkages among missions, work activities, skills, and knowledge; variables of use to commanders; and coupling with top-down, future-oriented job analysis procedures.

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