tation and survival of a large sample of formerly state-owned manufacturing enterprises in Bulgaria.

LTG THEODORE G. STROUP, JR., is the vice president, education and executive director of the Institute of Land Warfare for the Association of the U.S. Army, a nonprofit educational association in Arlington, Virginia. General Stroup served for 34 years in the U.S. Army in multiple worldwide assignments in peace and war. His primary military specialty was as a combat engineer; his last 10 years of service as a flag officer were primarily in strategic resource planning, manpower, and human resources. He was at retirement the U.S. Army deputy chief of staff of personnel. He has a B.S. from the United States Military Academy at West Point, an M.S.E. from Texas A&M, and an M.B.A. from the American University in the fields of economics and finance. He is a licensed professional engineer and has authored articles on military manpower, training, leadership, and military engineering.

ROBERT J. VANCE is senior research associate at the Institute for Policy Research and Evaluation at the Pennsylvania State University. He has a B.A. in psychology from the University of Connecticut and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in industrial and organizational psychology from the Pennsylvania State University. Prior to joining Penn State in 1990, he served on the psychology faculty at Ohio State University. His research and teaching interests are in the areas of personnel selection, job performance measurement, work motivation, and organizational development.

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