TABLE 2.6

Occupational Distribution of the Work Force, 1985–2005 (projected) (select years)

 

Year (percent)

Occupational Group

1985a

1990

1995

2005b

Executive, administrative, and managerial

11.4

12.5

13.8

10.4

Professional specialty

12.7

13.7

14.5

15.5

Technical and related support

3.0

3.2

3.1

3.7

Sales

11.8

12.3

12.1

11.4

Administrative support including clerical

16.2

15.6

14.7

16.7

Service

13.5

13.5

13.6

17.2

Precision production, craft, and repair

12.4

11.5

10.8

10.3

Operators, fabricators, and laborers

15.7

15.1

14.5

12.4

Farming, forestry, and fishing

3.2

2.6

2.9

2.5

a All figures refer to employed persons 16 years and older.

b Projections refer to the "moderate" series estimates provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (i.e., under assumptions of moderate economic and industry employment projections).

SOURCES: Table A-22, Employed Civilians by Occupation, Sex and Age. 1991. Employment and Earnings Statistical Abstract of the United States 1987 and 1995. (U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics) 38(1):37. Silvestri, G.T. 1995. Occupational employment to 2005. Monthly Labor Review 118:60–87. Parts of this table were first published in Spenner (1988).

most dramatic change was the decline of farm-related occupations, from nearly 40 percent of the workforce in 1900 to less than 3 percent by 1995. The other major occupational shifts were major increases in the percentages of the workforce in professional, managerial, clerical, and service occupations from about 1 in 6 workers in 1900 to about 6 in 10 workers by 1980. Other major categories experienced more modest increases (sales and craft) or net decreases (laborers and private household workers). Operatives increased their percentage over the first half of the century but have gradually declined as a share of the workforce since 1960.

Table 2.6 provides the occupational distribution of the workforce for more recent years, including the Bureau of Labor Statis-



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