TABLE 2.7

Changes in Demographic Characteristics of the Workforce, Across and Within Three-Digit Occupations, 1983–2001

 

Total Shift

Proportion in 1983

Proportion in 1991

Proportion employed

Women, 16–24

-0.021

0.094

0.073

Women, 25–54

0.043

0.285

0.328

Women, 55–64

-0.004

0.046

0.042

Women, 65+

0.001

0.012

0.013

Men, 16–24

-0.025

0.104

0.080

Men, 25–54

0.019

0.375

0.393

Men, 55–64

-0.012

0.066

0.055

Men, 65+

-0.001

0.018

0.016

Black

0.009

0.093

0.102

White

-0.017

0.881

0.864

Hispanic

0.023

0.052

0.075

< 4 years of high school

-0.040

0.184

0.143

4 years of high school

-0.014

0.367

0.353

1–3 years of college

0.025

0.233

0.258

4+ years of college

0.030

0.216

0.246

1 or fewer years in occupation

-0.023

0.191

0.168

1 or fewer years with present employer

0.033

0.230

0.263

10 or more years in occupation

0.058

0.337

0.395

10 or more years with present employer

0.029

.270

0.299

Received formal training to obtain jobc

0.024

0.093

0.118

Received formal training to improve skillsc

0.049

0.110

0.159

SOURCE: Demographic variables are from the NBER extracts from outgoing rotation group files of the CPS; training and tenure variables are from CPS training supplements. Black and white refer to race. Hispanic refers to ethnic origin.

a Using as weights 1983 proportion of occupation and 1991 proportion of demographic group within occupation.



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