Percent Demographic Shift Across Occupationsa

Percent Demographic Shift Within Occupationsa

Percent Demographic Shift Across Occupationsb

Percent Demographic Shift Within Occupationsb

Proportion employed

Women, 16–24

9.96

90.04

4.18

95.86

Women, 25–54

6.78

93.22

10.28

89.72

Women, 55–64

27.58

72.42

18.47

81.53

Women, 65+

-30.93

130.93

-52.58

152.58

Men, 16–24

11.54

88.46

8.03

92.01

Men, 25–54

21.46

78.49

5.46

94.54

Men, 55–64

1.65

98.35

7.01

92.99

Men, 65+

27.78

73.02

38.89

61.11

Black

-7.95

107.95

-9.45

109.45

White

-2.27

102.27

-0.93

100.93

Hispanic

-6.49

106.53

-10.55

110.59

< 4 years of high school

26.61

73.39

22.63

77.34

4 years of high school

64.44

35.56

69.51

30.42

1-3 years of college

13.26

86.74

8.92

91.08

4+ years of college

56.18

43.82

56.90

43.14

1 or fewer years in occupation

10.09

89.91

13.90

86.10

1 or fewer years with present employer

-10.56

110.56

-14.69

114.69

10 or more years in occupation

-2.11

102.13

-2.35

102.35

10 or more years with present employer

-1.94

101.97

-1.36

101.36

Received formal training to obtain jobc

20.20

79.80

21.39

78.61

Received formal training to improve skillsc

15.84

84.16

18.02

82.00

b Using as weights 1991 proportion of occupation and 1983 proportion of demographic group within occupation.

c Formal training refers to company training programs, including apprenticeships. It does not include informal on-the-job training, in-school training in high schools, postsecondary schools, colleges or universities, or training in the armed services.



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