Page 332

for the music market, 79-83

impact of the digital environment on, 177-179

interaction with technical protection services, law, and public policy, 225

less traditional, and their implications for intellectual property, 181-183

using digital content to promote the traditional product, 81-82

role in the protection of intellectual property, 80-83, 176-186

traditional, and their implications for intellectual property, 179-181

C

CCI. See Copy control information

Certifying authorities, 292

China

copyright tradition in, 57

piracy in, 55

Circumvention of intellectual property protection. See Anticircumvention regulations

Circumvention of technical protection, 14, 174, 175, 221-223, 311-329

Clearinghouse operations, 65, 67-68

Commercial copying

of federal government information, 10, 112, 211

illegal, 17-18, 186-192, 226-227

Commission on New Technological Uses of Information (CONTU), 39

Communications policy, 19, 230-231

Communities. See Bounded communities; Open communities; Research community

Compensating creators of intellectual property, 61-65, 273-277

bundling information products, 94, 276

grants, 275

royalties, 274-275

Compression

algorithms for, 30

using MP3 format, 84

Computers. See also Networks

difference made by programmable, 43-45

installed base of, 169, 219

installing software on more than one, 48

open architecture, 88, 162-163

proliferation of personal, 24, 46

relatively short life of, 89

Constraints, on technical protection, 87-89, 153-154

Content

anchoring to single machine or user, 85, 88, 160-161, 164, 295-302

defined, 26

liberated from medium, 32-33

unbundling, 94

Content scrambling system (CSS), 172

Contract law, 19, 34-37, 62, 64, 100-104, 230-231, 237

Control of copying, 38-39, 140-144

correctness as a mechanism in the digital age, 141-144

CONTU. See Commission on New Technological Uses of Information

Copy control information (CCI), 163

Copying, 4. See also Private use copying of digital information

access by, 6-8, 28, 31, 142

appropriateness as a fundamental concept, 18, 140-145, 230-232

defined, 26

detection in open communities, 164-167, 295-300

economics of, 3-4, 31-32, 38

ephemeral (temporary), 43-144, 229

illegal commercial, 17-18, 186-188, 191-192, 226-227

for private use, 135-136

speed of, 41

Copyright, 277. See also Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998;

Economics of copyright

defined, 26

deposit, 96, 115-116

exclusive rights in, 146

and individual behavior, 11-12, 123-151

and licensing, 8-9, 100-104, 202-204

and the new information environment, 18-19, 106-109

history, 24-25

public access an important goal of, 7, 97-113, 201

and public compliance with the law, 21-22, 72, 123-128, 212-214

tradition in China, 57

Copyright Act of 1976, 125-128, 132



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