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Reference Lists

These reference lists were prepared in response to the sponsor's request for a comprehensive bibliography through 1998, although some 1999 references are also included. Many references here are not cited in the text of this report, though all were reviewed. They are included because they are responsive to the charge for comprehensiveness. The Committee on the Safety of Silicone Breast Implants gave priority to full reports in peer-reviewed publications in the open scientific literature, and these references are listed separately first. Other references—such as letters, discussions, abstracts, book chapters, and industry technical re-ports—are included in a second list. This arrangement should not be taken to imply that reports listed first are all of equal quality or that the subsequent list does not contain useful, scientifically valid information. References need to be judged individually on their merits. Staff categorized references by keywords to allow computer sorting. These keywords are at the bottom of each citation. (Note that the use of all capital or lowercase letters for these keywords is merely a device employed by the project staff to locate the appropriate records in its filing system; it carries no further meaning.) The keywords are provided as further information and as a suggestion of the reference content, but they should not be taken to indicate the specific usefulness or content of a report.



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Page 285 Reference Lists These reference lists were prepared in response to the sponsor's request for a comprehensive bibliography through 1998, although some 1999 references are also included. Many references here are not cited in the text of this report, though all were reviewed. They are included because they are responsive to the charge for comprehensiveness. The Committee on the Safety of Silicone Breast Implants gave priority to full reports in peer-reviewed publications in the open scientific literature, and these references are listed separately first. Other references—such as letters, discussions, abstracts, book chapters, and industry technical re-ports—are included in a second list. This arrangement should not be taken to imply that reports listed first are all of equal quality or that the subsequent list does not contain useful, scientifically valid information. References need to be judged individually on their merits. Staff categorized references by keywords to allow computer sorting. These keywords are at the bottom of each citation. (Note that the use of all capital or lowercase letters for these keywords is merely a device employed by the project staff to locate the appropriate records in its filing system; it carries no further meaning.) The keywords are provided as further information and as a suggestion of the reference content, but they should not be taken to indicate the specific usefulness or content of a report.

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Page 286 List of Peer-Reviewed Scientific Reports Aalto, M., Potila, M., and Kulonen, E. The effect of silica-treated macrophages on the synthesis of collagen and other proteins in vitro. Exper. Cell Res. 1975, 97, 193-202. SILICA. Aaron, A. D., O'Mara, J. W., Lengendre, K. E., Evans, S. R. T., Attinger, C. E., and Montgomery, E. A. Chest wall fibromatosis associated with silicone breast implants. Surgical Oncology. 1996, 5, (2): 93-99. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS. Aaron, L. A., Bradley, L. A., Alarcón, G. S., Alexander, R. W., Triana-Alexander, M., Martin, M. Y., and Alberts, K. Psychiatric diagnoses in patients with fibromyalgia are related to health care-seeking behavior rather than to illness. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1996, 39, (3): 436-445. AI-CTD BACKGROUND/psychosocial. Abelson, P. H. Exaggerated risks of chemicals. J Clin Epidemiol. 1995, 48, (2): 173-178. GENERAL. Ablaza, V. J., and LaTrenta, G. S. Late infection of a breast prosthesis with Enterococcus avium. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1998 Jul, 102, (1): 227-230. INFECTION/local complications. Abraham, J. L. Diagnostic applications of scanning electron microscopy and microanalysis in pathology. Israel J. Med. Sci. 1979 Aug 8, 15, (8): 716-723. SILICON MEASUREMENT. Abraham, J. L., and Etz, E. S. Molecular microanalysis of pathological specimens in situ with a laser-raman microbe. Science. 1979 Nov 9, 206, (9): 716-718. SILICON MEASUREMENT. Achauer, B. M. A serious complication following medical-grade silicone injection of the face. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1983 Feb, 71, (2): 251-253. SILICONE INJECTION. Adams, Jr. W. P., Robinson, Jr. J. B., and Rohrich, R. J. Lipid infiltration as a possible biologic cause of silicone gel breast implant aging. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1998 Jan, 101, (1): 64-68. RUPTURE/local complications. Addington, D. B., and Mallin, R. E. Closed capsulotomy causing fractures of the scar capsule and the silicone bag of a breast implant. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1978, 62, (2): 300-301. CAPSULE CONTRACTURE/CLOSED CAPSULOTOMY/RUPTURE/local complications. Adler, A. J., and Berlyne, G. M. Silicon metabolism. II. Renal handling in chronic renal failure patients. Nephron. 1986 Jan, 44, 36-39. SILICON MEASUREMENT. Aggarwal, S. K., Gemma, N. W., Kinter, M., Nicholson, J., Shipe, J. R., and Herold, D. A. Determination of platinum in urine, ultrafiltrate, and whole plasma by isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry compared to electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry. 1993, 210, 113-118. PLATINUM. Agnew, W. F., Todd, E., Richmond, H., and Chronister, W. Biological evaluation of silicone rubber for surgical prosthesis. J Surg Res. 1962 Nov, 11, (6): 357. TOXICOLOGY/ SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Ahn, C. Y., DeBruhl, N. D., Gorczyca, D. P., Bassett, L. W., and Shaw, W. W. Silicone implant rupture diagnosis using computed tomography: A case report and experience with 22 surgically removed implants. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1994b Dec, 33, (6): 624-628. MAMMOGRAPHY/local complications/rupture. Ahn, C. Y., DeBruhl, N. D., Gorczyca, D. P., Shaw, W. W., and Bassett, L. W. Comparative silicone breast implant evaluation using mammography, sonography, and magnetic resonance imaging: Experience with 59 implants. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1994a Oct, 94, (5): 620-627. MAMMOGRAPHY/local complications/rupture. Ahn, C. Y., Ko, C. Y., Wagar, E. A., Wong, R. S., and Shaw, W. W. Clinical significance of intracapsular fluid in patients' breast implants. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1995a, 35, (5): 455-457. INFECTION.

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Page 287 Ahn, C. Y., Ko, C. Y., Wagar, E. A., Wong, R. S., and Shaw, W. W. Microbial evaluation: 139 implants removed from symptomatic patients. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1996 Dec, 98, (7): 1225-1229. INFECTION/local complications/capsule-contracture/pain. Ahn, C. Y., Narayanan, K., Gorczyca, D. P., DeBruhl, N. D., and Shaw, W. W. Evaluation of autogenous tissue breast reconstruction using MRI. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1995, 95, (1): 70-76. MAMMOGRAPHY. Ahn, C. Y., Shaw, W. W., Narayanan, K., Gorczyca, D. P., DeBruhl, N. D., and Bassett, L. W. Residual silicone detection using MRI following previous breast implant removal: Case reports. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 1995, 19, (4): 361-367. MAMMOGRAPHY/rupture/ local complications/capsule-contracture/granulomas. Ahn, C. Y., Shaw, W. W., Narayanan, K., Gorczyca, D. P., Sinha, S., Debruhl, N. D., and Bassett, L. W. Definitive diagnosis of breast implant rupture using magnetic resonance imaging. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1993 Sep, 92, (4): 681-691. MAMMOGRAPHY/rupture/local complications. Ahn, C., and Shaw, W. W. Regional silicone gel migration in patients with ruptured implants. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1994 Aug, 33, (2): 201-208. RUPTURE/local complications/migration/connective tissue disease. Aho, K., Koskela, R., Makitalo, M. K., Heliovarra, M., and Palouso, T. Antinuclear antibodies heralding the onset of systemic lupus erythematosus. J. Rheumatol. 1992, 19, 1377-1380. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. Al-Janadi, M., al-Balla, S., al-Dalaan, A., and Raziuddin, S. Cytokine profile in systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and other rheumatic diseases. Journal of Clinical Immunology. 1993, 13, (1): 58-67. AI-CTD BACKGROUND/immune effects/ connective tissue disease. Alarcón-Segovia, D., and Cardiel, M. H. Comparison of three diagnostic criteria for mixed connective tissue disease. Study of 593 patients. J Rheumatol. 1989, 16, (3): 328-334. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. Albores-Saavedra, J., Vuitch, F., Delgado, R., Wiley, E., and Hagler, H. Sinus histiocytosis of pelvic lymph nodes after hip replacement: A histiocytic proliferation induced by co-bait-chromium and titanium. American Journal of Surgical Pathology. 1994 Jan, 18, (1): 83-90. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS. Alexandrides, I. J., Shestak, K. C., and Noone, R. B. Thermal injuries following TRAM flap breast reconstruction. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1997 Apr, 38, (4): 335-341. SENSATION/local complications/reconstruction. Allwork, S. P., and Norton, R. Surface ultrastructure of silicone rubber aortic valve poppets after long-term implantation. Thorax. 1976, 31, 742-752. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Alonso-Ruiz, A., Zea-Mendoza, A. C., Salazar-Vallinas, J. M., Rocamora-Ripoll, A., and Beltrán-Gutiérrez. Toxic oil syndrome: A syndrome with features overlapping those of various forms of scleroderma. Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1986 Feb, 15, (3): 200-212. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. American Academy of Neurology, Ad Hoc Subcommittee. Research criteria for diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Neurology. 1991 May, 41, 617-618. AI-CTD BACKGROUND/neurologic disease. American Academy of Pediatrics. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk: Policy statement. Pediatrics. 1997, 100, (6): 1035-1039. CHILDREN'S EFFECTS/breast feeding. American Medical Women's Association. Silicone Gel Breast Implants [position paper]. JAMWA. 1998 Winter, 53, (1): 33-35. GENERAL.

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Page 288 American Rheumatism Association Diagnostic and Therapeutic Criteria Committee, Subcommittee for Scleroderma Criteria (Masi A. T., Rodnan, G. P., Medsger, Jr. T. A., Altman, R. D., D'Angleo, W. A., Fries, J. F., and et al.). Preliminary criteria for the classification of system sclerosis (scleroderma). Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1980 May, 23, (5): 581-590. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. Amin, P., Wille, J., Shah, K., and Kydonieus, A. Analysis of the extractive and hydrolytic behavior of microthane poly(ester-urethane) foam by high pressure liquid chromatography. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 1993, 27, 655-666. POLYURETHANE/carcinogenicity. Andersen, B., Hawtof, D., Alani, H., and Kapetansky, D. The diagnosis of ruptured breast implants. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1989 Dec, 84, (6): 903-907. RUPTURE/local complications. Anderson, A. M., Niven, H., Pelagalli, J., Olanoff, L. S., and Jones, R. D. The role of the fibrous capsule in the function of implanted drug-polymer sustained release systems. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 1981, 15, (6): 889-902. CAPSULE-CON-TRACTURE/local complications. Anderson, D. R., Schwartz, J., Cottrill, C. M., McClain, S. A., Ross, J. S., Magidson, J. G., Klainer, A., and Bisaccia, E. Silicone granuloma in acral skin in a patient with silicone-gel breast implants and systemic sclerosis. International Journal of Dermatology. 1996 Jan, 35, (1): 36-38. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Anderson, J. M. Inflammatory response to implants. Transactions of the American Society of Artifical Internal Organs. 1988, 34, 101-107. IMMUNE EFFECTS/capsule-contracture. Anderson, J. M. Mechanisms of inflammation and infection with implanted devices. Cardiovascular Pathology. 1993, 2, (3 (Supplement)): 33S-41S. IMMUNE EFFECTS/infection/local complications. Anderson, J. M., Bonfield, T. L., and Ziats, N. P. Protein adsorption and' cellular adhesion and activation on biomedical polymers. The International Journal of Artificial Organs. 1990, 13, (6): 375-382. TOXICOLOGY. Anderson, J. M., Ziats, N. P., Azeez, A., Brunstedt, M. R., Stack, S., and Bonfield, T. L. Protein adsorption and macrophage activation on polydimethysiloxane and silicone rubber. J Biomater Sci Polymer Ed. 1995, 7, (2): 159-169. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Anderson, S. G., Rodin, J., and Ariyan, S. Treatment considerations in postmastectomy reconstruction: Their relative importance and relationship to patient satisfaction. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1994, 33, (3): 263-270. PSYCHOSOCIAL/reconstruction. Andjelkovish, D. A., Mathew, R. M., Richardson, R. B., and Levine, R. J. Mortality of Iron Foundry Workers: I. Overall Findings. Journal of Occupational Medicine. 1990 Jun, 32, (6): 529-540. SILICA. Andrews, J. Cellular behavior to injected silicone fluid: A preliminary report. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1966 Dec, 38, (6): 581-583. TOXICOLOGY/SILICONE INJECTION. Angell, M. Evaluating the health risks of breast implants: the interplay of medical science, the law, and public opinion. Special Article. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1996 Jun 6, 334, (23): 1513-1518. GENERAL. Antonyshyn, O., Gruss, J. S., Mackinnon, S. E., and Zuker, R. Complications of soft tissue expansion. British Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1988, 41, 239-250. EXPANDER/local complications/capsule-contracture/rupture/pain/hematomas. Aoki, A., Sirai, A., Sakamoto, H., Igarashi, T., Matsunaga, K., Ishigatsubo, Y., Tani, K., and Okubo, T. A case of silicosis associated with polymyositis and benign monoclonal gammopathy. Ryumachi (Japan). 1988 Oct, 28, (5): 373-378. SILICA/myeloma.

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Page 289 Apesos, J. Pope Jr. T. L. Silicone granuloma following closed capsulotomy of mammary prosthesis. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1985 May, 14, (5): 403-406. GRANULOMAS/ local complications/closed capsulotomy. Appleton, B. E., and Lee, P. The development of systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) following augmentation mammoplasty. J Rheumatol. 1993, 20, (6): 1052-1054. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Aptekar, R. G., Davie, J. M., and Cattell, H. S. Foreign body reaction to silicone rubber: Complication of a finger joint implant. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. 1974, 98, 231-232. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Archer, C., and Gordon, D. A. Silica and progressive systemic sclerosis (Scleroderma): Evidence for workers' compensation policy. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 1996, 29, 533-538. SILICA. Arend, W. P. Book reviews: Science on Trial. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1996 Oct 10, 39, (10): 1771-1772. GENERAL. Argenta, L. C. Controlled tissue expansion in reconstructive surgery. British Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1984a, 3, 520-529. EXPANDER/RECONSTRUCTION. Argenta, L. C. Migration of silicone gel into breast parenchyma following mammary prothesis rupture. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 1983, 7, 253-254. MIGRATION/local complications/rupture. Argenta, L. C. Reconstruction of the breast by tissue expansion. Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 1984b, 11, (2): 257-264. EXPANDER/reconstruction. Argenta, L. C and Grabb, W. G. Studies on the endogenous flora of the human breast and their surgical significance. Plast Surg Forum. 1981, 4, 55. INFECTION/local complications. Argenta, L. C., Marks, M. W., and Grabb, W. G. Selective use of serial expansion in breast reconstruction. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1983 Sep, 11, (3): 188-195. EXPANDER/ reconstruction. Argenta, L. C., Marks, M. W., and Pasyk, K. A. Advances in tissue expansion. Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 1985a Apr, 12, (2): 159-171. EXPANDER. Argenta, L. C., Vanderkolk, C., Friedman, R. J., and Marks, M. W. Refinements in reconstruction of congenital breast deformities. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1985b Jul, 76, (1): 73-80. EXPANDER/reconstruction. Arion, H. G. Retromammary prosthesis. C.R. Soc. Fr. Gynecol. 5, 1965. GENERAL/saline. Armstrong, B. K., McNulty, J. C., Levitt, L. J., Williams, K. A., and Hobbs, M. S. T. Mortality in gold and coal miners in Western Australia with special reference to lung cancer. British Journal of Industrial Medicine. 1979, 36, 199-205. SILICA. Armstrong, R. W., Berkowitz, R. L., and Bolding, F. Infection following breast reconstruction. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1989 Oct, 23, (4): 284-288. INFECTION/local complications. Arons, M. S., Sabesin, S. M., and Smith, R. R. Experimental studies with Etheron sponge: Effect of implantation in tumor-bearing animals. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1961 Jul, 28, (1): 72-80. GENERAL/carcinogenicity. Aronsohn, R. B. A 22-year experience with the use of silicone injections. American Journal of Cosmetic Surgery. 1996, 1, 21-28. SILICONE INJECTION. Arroyave, E. The ban on breast implants medical or political issue? The rest of the story. Journal of the Florida Medical Association. 1994, 81, (7): 479-483. GENERAL. Artz, J. S., Dinner, M. I., Foglietti, M. A., and Sampliner, J. Breast reconstruction utilizing subcutaneous tissue expansion followed by polyurethane-covered silicone implants: A six-year experience. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1991 Oct, 88, (4): 635-639. EXPANDER/ local complications/polyurethane.

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Page 290 Ashley, F. L. Further studies on the Natural Y breast prosthesis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1972 Apr, 49, (4): 414-419. POLYURETHANE/local complications. Ashley, F. L. A new type of breast prosthesis. Preliminary report. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1970 May, 45, (5): 421-424. POLYURETHANE. Ashley, F. L., Braley, S., and McNall, E. G. The current status of silicone injection therapy. Symposium on Cosmetic Surgery, Surg. Clin. North. Amer. 1971, 51, (2): 501-509. SILICONE INJECTION. Ashley, F. L., Braley, S., Rees, T. D., Goulian, D., and Ballantyne, Jr. D. L. The present status of silicone fluid in soft tissue injection. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1967 Apr, 39, (4): 411-420. SILICONE INJECTION/SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Ashley, F. L., Rees, T. D., Ballantyne, Jr. D. L., Galloway, D., Machida, R., Grazer, F., McConnell, D. V., Edgington, T., and Kiskaden, W. An injection technique for the treatment of facial hemiatrophy. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1965 Jun, 35, (6): 640-648. SILICONE INJECTION. Ashley, F. L., Thompson, D., and Henderson, T. Augmentation of surface contour by subcutaneous injections of silicone fluid: A current report. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1973 Jan, 51, (1): 8-13. SILICONE INJECTION. Asken, M. J. Psychoemotional aspects of mastectomy: a review of recent literature. American Journal of Psychiatry. 1975 Jan, 132, (1): 56-59. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Aslam, M., and Rahman, Q. Cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of calcium silicates on human lymphocytes in vitro. Mutation Research. 1993 Jan, 300, 45-48. SILICON MEASUREMENT/silica. Asplund, O. Breast reconstruction with submuscular prosthesis after modified radical or simple mastectomy. Surgical technique and early complications. Scandinavian Journal of Plast Reconstr Surg. 1983, 17, (2): 141-146. RECONSTRUCTION. Asplund, O. Capsular contracture in silicone gel and saline-filled breast implants after reconstruction. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1984 Feb, 73, (2): 270-275. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/saline/local complications/reconstruction. Asplund, O. Nipple and areola reconstruction—A study in 79 mastectomized women. Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 1983, 17, 233-240. RECONSTRUCTION. Asplund, O., Gylbert, L., Jurell, G., and Ward, C. Textured or smooth implants for sub-muscular breast augmentation: A controlled study. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1996 May, 97, (6): 1200-1206. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications. Asplurid, O., and Körlof, B. Late results following mastectomy for cancer and breast reconstruction. Scandinavian Journal of Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1984, 18, (2): 221-225. PSYCHOSOCIAL/pain/local complications. Asplund, O., and Nilsson, O. Interobserver variation and cosmetic result of submuscular breast reconstruction. Scandinavian Journal of Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1984, 18, (2): 215-220. RECONSTRUCTION/local complications. Atabek, U., Barot, L., Matthews, M., Brown, A. S., Spence, R. K., Mossberg, L., and et al. Immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1993, 90, 379-382. RECONSTRUCTION. Atwood, H. D., Bates, R., Beckman, J. S., Bixe, R. N., Franz, P. F., Goodman, R. C., Lehmberg, R. W., McCutcheon, F. B., Moffett, T. R., Pope, N. A., Pullman, N. K., Shewmake, K. B., Still, E. F., Stuckey, J. G., Talbert, G. E., Walley, L. R., and Yuen, J. C. The silicone gel breast implant controversy: Current status and clinical implications. Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society. 1994 Feb, 90, (9): 427-434. GENERAL. August, D. A., Wilkins, E., and Rea, T. Breast reconstruction in older women. Surgery. 1994, 115, (6): 663-668. RECONSTRUCTION.

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Page 291 Austad, E. D., Pasyk, K. A., McClatchey, K. D., and Cherry, G. W. Histomorphologic evaluation of guinea pig skin and soft tissue after controlled tissue expansion. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1982 Dec, 70, (6): 704-710. EXPANDER. Austad, E. D., and Rose, G. L. A self-inflating tissue expander. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1982 Nov, 70, (5): 588-593. EXPANDER. Austad, E. D., Thomas, S. B., and Pasyk, K. Tissue expansion: Dividend or loan? Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1986 Jul, 78, (1): 63-67. EXPANDER. Autian, J. Toxicological problems and untoward effects from plastic devices used in medical applications. Essays In Toxicology. first edition ed. McMillan, 1975a, pp. 1-33. TOXICOLOGY/carcinogenicity. Autian, J., Singh, A. R., Turner, J. E., Hung, G. W. C., Nunez, L. J., and Lawrence, W. H. Carcinogenesis from polyurethanes. Cancer Research. 1975 Jun, 35, 1591-1596. POLYURETHANE/carcinogenicity. Autian, J., Singh, A. R., Turner, J. E., Hung, G. W. C., Nunez, L. J., and Lawrence, W. H. Carcinogenic activity of a chlorinated polyether polyurethane. Cancer Research. 1976, 36, 3973-3977. CARCINOGENICITY/POLYURETHANE. Azizsoltani E., Myryk, Q., Foster, L., Gindhar, G., and Gristina, A. Simple technique for the preparation of silicone gel particles: The effect of silicone gel particles on oxidative responses of macrophages. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 1995, 29, 101-105. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Badley, E. M., Rasooly, I., and Webster, G. K. Relative importance of musculoskeletal disorders as a cause of chronic health problems, disability, and health care utilization: Findings from the 1990 Ontario Health Survey. Journal of Rheumatology. 1994, 21, (3): 505-514. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. Badwin, B. et al. Cosmetic saline breast implants. Plast. Surg. Forum. 1995, 18, 275. SALINE. Baek, H.-S., and Yoon, J.-W. Direct involvement of macrophages in destruction of b-cells leading to development of diabetes in virus-infected mice. Diabetes. 1991 Dec, 40, (12): 1586-1597. SILICA/immune effects. Bagnail, R. D. Adsorption of plasma proteins on hydrophobic surfaces I. Albumin and gammaglobulin. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 1977, 11, 947-977. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Bailey, M. H., Smith, J. W., Casas, L., and et al. Immediate breast reconstruction: Reducing the risks. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1989 May, 83, (5): 845-851. RECONSTRUCTION/local complications. Baines, C. J., McFarlane, D. V., Miller, A. B., and et al. Sensitivity and specificity of first screen mammography in 15 NBSS centres. J Can Assoc Rad. 1988 Dec, 39, 273-276. MAMMOGRAPHY. Baker, D. E., Breiting, V., and Christensen, L. Five years experience using silicone gel pros-theses with emphasis on capsule shrinkage. Scand. J. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1984, 18, 311. CAPSULE CONTRACTURE. Baker, Jr. J. L. The effectiveness of alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) in reducing the incidence of spherical contracture around breast implants. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1981 Nov, 68, (5): 696-698. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications. Baker, Jr. J. L. Kolin I. Bartlett E. Psychosexual dynamics of patients undergoing mammary augmentation. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1974 Jun, 53, (6): 652-659. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Baker, Jr. J. L., Bartels, R. J., and Douglas, W. M. Closed compression technique for rupturing a contracted capsule around a breast implant. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1976 Aug, 58, (2): 137-141. CLOSED CAPSULOTOMY. Baker, Jr. J. L., and Donis, R. Genesis and management of the hard augmented breast. Adv Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1990, 6, 249. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications.

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Page 292 Baker, Jr. J. L., LeVier, R. R., and Spielvogel, D. E. Positive identification of silicone in human mammary capsular tissue. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1982 Jan, 69, (1): 56-60. SILICON MEASUREMENT/capsule-contracture/local complications. Bakker, D., van Blitterswijk, C. A., Hesseling, S.C., and Grote, J. J. Effect of implantation site on phagocyte/polymer interaction and fibrous capsule formation. Biomaterials. 1988 Jan, 9, 14-23. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications. Baldt, V. M., Bankier, A., Mallek, R., Youssefzadeh, S., Freilinger, G., and Wolf, G. Long-term changes after implantation of silicone breast prostheses. Fortschr Röntgenstr. 1994, 160, (5): 441-447. SALINE/capsule-contracture/local complications. Baldwin, J. K., and Hoover, B. K. Quality assurance for epidemiologic studies. Journal of Occupational Medicine. 1991 Dec, 33, (12): 1250-1252. GENERAL. Baldwin, Jr. C. M., and Kaplan, E. N. Silicone-induced human adjuvant disease? Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1983 Apr, 10, (4): 270-273. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/saline. Ballantyne Jr., D. L. Rees T. D. Seidman I. Silicone fluid: Response to massive subcutaneous injections of dimethylpolysiloxane fluid in animals. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1965 Sep, 36, (3): 330-338. CARCINOGENICITY/toxicology. Bames, H. O. Augmentation mammaplasty by lipo-transplant. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1953, 11,404-414. RECONSTRUCTION. Bames, H. O. Breast malformations and a new approach to the problem of the small breast. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1950, 5, 499-506. RECONSTRUCTION. Banic, A., Boeckx, W., Greulich, M., Guelickx, P., Marchi, A., Rigotti, G., and Tschopp, H. Late results of breast reconstruction with free TRAM flaps: A prospective multicentric study. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1995, 95, (7): 1195-1204. RECONSTRUCTION. Bantick, G. L., and Taggart, I. Mammography and breast implants. British Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1995, 48, (1): 49-52. MAMMOGRAPHY. Bar-Meir, E., Teuber, S. S., Lin, H. C., Alosacie, I., Goddard, G., Terybery, J., Barka, N., Shen, B., Peter, J. B., Blank, M., Gershwin, M. E., and Shoenfeld, Y. Multiple autoantibodies in patients with silicone breast implants. Journal of Autoimmunity. 1995, 8, 267-277. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/immune effects. Bard, M., and Sutherland, A. M. Psychological impact of cancer and its treatment. Cancer. 1955 Jul-1955 Aug 31, 8, (4): 656-672. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Barker, D. E. Mammometer: A New Instrument for Measuring ''Pseudocapsule Firmness" after Breast Augmentation. Aesth. Plast. Surg. 1978, 2, 447-450. CAPSULE CONTRACTURE. Barker, D. E., Retsky, M. I., and Schultz, S. "Bleeding" of silicone from bag-gel breast implants, and its clinical relation to fibrous capsule reaction. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 1978 Jun, 61, (6): 836-841. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS/capsule-contracture. Barker, D. E., Retsky, M., and Schulz, S. L. The new low bleed mammary prosthesis: An experimental study in mice. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 1981, 5, 85-91. CAPSULE-CON-TRACTURE/local complications. Barker, D. E., Retsky, M., and Searies, S. L. New low-bleed implant—Silastic II. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 1985, 9, 39-41. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications. Barker, D. E., and Schulz, S. L. Reaction to silicone implants in the guinea pig. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. 1978, 1,371-378. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS/IMMUNE EFFECTS. Barker, D. E., and Shultz, S. L. The theory of natural capsular contraction around breast implants and how to prevent it. Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 1980, 4, 357-361. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications. Barloon, T. J., Young, D. C., and Bergus, G. The role of diagnostic imaging in women with breast implants. American Family Physician. 1996, 54, (6): 2029-2036. MAMMOGRAPHY.

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Page 293 Barlow, S. M., and Knight, A. F. Teratogenic effects of Silastic intrauterine devices in the rat with or without added medroxyprogesterone acetate. Fertility and Sterility. 1983 Feb, 39, (2): 224-230. TOXICOLOGY. Barnard, J. J., Todd, E. L., Wilson, W. G., Mielcarek, R., and Rohrich, R. J. Distribution of organosilicon polymers in augmentation mammaplasties at autopsy. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1997 Jul, 100, (1): 197-203. SILICON MEASUREMENT. Barnett, A. J., Miller, M. H., and Littlejohn, G. O. A survival study of patients with scleroderma diagnosed over 30 years (1953-1983): The value of a simple cutaneous classification in the early stages of the disease. J. Rheumatol. 1988, 15, (2): 276-283. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. Barnett, A., Lavey, E., Pearl, R. M., and Vistnes, L. M. Toxic shock syndrome from an infected breast prosthesis. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1983 May, 10, (5): 408-410. INFECTION/local complications. Barney, B. B. Augmentation mammaplasty with two different kinds of prostheses. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1974 Sep, 54, (3): 265-267. SALINE. Barondes, R. de R., Judge, W. D., Towne, C. G., and Baxter, M. L. New organic derivatives and some of their unique properties. The Military Surgeon. 1950 May: 379-386. TOXICOLOGY. Barone, F. E., Perry, L., Keller, T., and Maxwell, G. P. The biochemical and histopathic effects of surface texturing with silicone and polyurethane in tissue implantation and expansion. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1992 Jul, 90, (1): 77. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/ local complications/polyurethane. Barreau-Pouhaer, L., Lê, M. G., and Rietjens, M. et al. Risk factors for failure of immediate breast reconstruction with prosthesis after total mastectomy for breast cancer. Cancer. 1992 Sep 1, 70, (5): 1145-1151. RECONSTRUCTION. Barrett, D. M., O'Sullivan, D. C., Malizia, A. A., Reiman, H. M., and Abell-Aleff, P. C. Particle shedding and migration from silicone genitourinary prosthetic devices. Journal of Urology. 1991 Aug, 146, 319-322. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS. Barsky, A. J. A 37-year-old man with multiple somatic complaints. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1997 Aug 27, 278, (8): 673-679. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Barsky, A. J. Hypochondriasis, medical management and psychiatric treatment. Psychosomatics. 1996, 37, (1): 48-56. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Barsky, A. J., and Borus, J. F. Somatization and medicalization in the era of managed care. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1995 Dec 27, 274, (24): 1931-4. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Barthels, K. M. Decreased swimming speed following augmentation mammaplasty [discussion]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1983 Feb, 72, (2): 255-256. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS. Bartlett, P. Toxic shock syndrome associated with surgical wound infections. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1982 Mar 12, 247, 1448-1450. INFECTION/local complications. Basindale, A. R., Brown, S. S. D., and Lo, P. Sterochemical nonrigidity in a chelated platinum(0)-diolefin complex. Organometallics. 1994, 13, 738-740. PLATINUM. Bates, D. W., Schmitt, W., and Buchwald, D. et al. Prevalence of fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome in a primary care practice. Arch Intern Med. 1993 Dec 27, 153, 2759-2765. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. Bates, R. R., and Klein, M. Importance of a smooth surface in carcinogenesis by plastic film. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 1966, 37, 145-151. CARCINOGENICITY. Batich, C., and De Palma, D. Materials used in breast implants: Silicones and polyurethanes. Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical Implants. 1992, 1, (3): 255-268. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION/polyurethane.

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Page 294 Batich, C., De Palma, D., Marotta, J., Latorre, G., and Hardt, N. S. Silicone degradation reactions. Potter, M., and Rose, N., eds. Current Topics In Microbiology and Immunology - Immunology of Silicones. Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 1996, pp. 13-23. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION/toxicology. Batich, C., Williams, J., and King, R. Toxic hydrolysis product from a biodegradable foam implant. Journal of Biomed. Mater. Res. 1989, 23, (A3): 311-319. POLYURETHANE/ toxicology. Batra, M., Bernard, S., and Picha, G. Histologic comparision of breast implant shells with smooth, foam, and pillar microstructuring in a rat model from 1 day to 6 months. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1995 Feb, 95, (2): 354-363. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications. Bayet, B., Mathieu, G., Lavand Homme, P., and et al. Primary and secondary breast reconstruction with a permanent expander. European Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1991, 14, 73-79. EXPANDER/capsule-contracture/local complications. Beale, S., Hambert, G., Lisper, H. O., and et al. Augmentation mammoplasty: The surgical and psychological effects of the operation and prediction of the result. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1985 Jun, 14, (6): 473-493. PSYCHOSOCIAL/sensation/local complications. Beale, S., Lisper, H. D., and Palm, B. A psychological study of patients seeking augmentation mammaplasty. British Journal of Psychiatry. 1980, 136, 133-138. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Beckenbaugh, R. D., Dobyns, J. H., Linscheid, R. L., and Bryan, R. S. Review and analysis of silicone-rubber metacarpophalangeal implants. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 1976 Jun, 58-A, (4): 483-487. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS/general. Becker, H. Breast augmentation using the expander mammary prosthesis. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1987b Feb, 79, (2): 192-199. EXPANDER. Becker, H. Breast reconstruction following mastectomy using a permanent tissue expander. Plastic Surgery Forum. 1986a, 9, 20-21. RECONSTRUCTION/expander. Becker, H. Breast reconstruction using an inflatable breast implant with detachable reservoir. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1984 Apr, 73, (4): 678-683. RECONSTRUCTION/saline. Becker, H. The expandable mammary implant. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1987a Apr, 79, (4): 631-637. EXPANDER/capsule-contracture/local complications/reconstruction. Becker, H. Expansion augmentation. Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 1988 Oct, 15, (4): 587-593. EXPANDER/reconstruction/local complications. Becker, H. The use of intradermal tattoo to enhance the final result of nipple-areola reconstruction. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1986b Apr, 77, (4): 673-675. RECONSTRUCTION. Becker, H., and Hartman, J. Do saline breast implants harbor microbes? Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1996 Apr, 36, (4): 342-344. INFECTION/saline. Beckett, W., Abraham, J., Becklake, M., Christiani, D., Cowie, R., Davis, G., Jones, R., Kreiss, K., Parker, J., and Wagner, G. Adverse effects of crystalline silica exposure. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 1997, 155, 761-765. SILICA. Beckham, J., Caldwell, D., Peterson, B., Pippen, A. M. M., Currie, M., Keefe, F., and Weinberg, J. Disease severity in rheumatoid arthritis: relationships of plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha, soluble interleukin 2-receptor, soluble CD4/CD8 ratio, neopterin, and fibrin D-dimer to traditional severity and functional measures. Journal of Clinical Immunology. 1992, 12, (5): 353-361. AI-CTD BACKGROUND. Bedu, O., Gay, J., Rouffy, J., and Loeper, J. Action of silicon on cultured lymphocytes. Med. Sci. Res. 1991, 19, 317-318. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Beebe, G. W., Simin, A. H., and Vivona, S. Long term mortality follow-up of army recruits who received adjuvant influenza virus vaccine in 1951-1953. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1972, 95, 337-345. AI-CTD BACKGROUND.

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Page 295 Beegle, P. H., Bostwick, J., Hargraves, H., and Hester, T. R. Evaluation of capsular contracture in submammary vs. submuscular breast augmentation. Surg. Forum. 1982, 33, 586-587. CAPSULE CONTRACTURE/local complications. Beekman, W. H., Feitz, R., Hage, J. J., and Mulder, J. W. Life span of silicone gel-filled mammary prostheses. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1997b Dec, 100, (7): 1723-1726. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications/infection/rupture/pain. Beekman, W. H., Feitz, R., van Diest, P. J., and Hage, J. J. Migration of silicone through the fibrous capsules of mammary prostheses. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1997a May, 38, (5): 441-445. MIGRATION/local complications/capsule-contracture/rupture. Beekman, W. H., Scot, M. G. M., Taets van Amerongen, A. H. M., Hage, J. J., and Mulder, J. W. Silicone breast implant bleed and rupture: Clinical diagnosis and predictive value of mammography and ultrasound. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1996, 36, (4): 345-347. MAMMOGRAPHY/rupture/local complications. Beisang, A. A., and Geise, R. A. Radiolucent prosthetic gel. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1991 May, 87, (5): 855-892. MAMMOGRAPHY/general. Ben-Hur, N. Prolonged allograft survival by partial block of the reticuloendothelial system with silicone fluid. Europ. Surg. Res. 1970, 2, 73-78. TOXICOLOGY. Ben-Hur, N., Ballantyne, Jr. D. L., Rees, T. D., and et al. Local and systemic effects of dimethylpolysiloxane fluid in mice. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1970, 46, 50-56. TOXICOLOGY. Ben-Hur, N., Ballantyne, Jr. D. L., Rees, T. D., and Seidman, I. Local and systemic effects of dimethylpolysiloxane fluid in mice. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1967 Apr, 39, (4): 423-426. TOXICOLOGY. Ben-Hur, N., and Neuman, Z. Malignant tumor formation following subcutaneous injection of silicone fluid in white mice. Israel Medical Journal. 1963, 22, 15. CARCINOGENICITY/toxicology. Ben-Hur, N., and Neuman, Z. Siliconma—another cutaneous response to dimethylpolysiloxane. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1965, 36, (6): 629-631. CARCINOGENICITY/IMMUNE EFFECTS/granulomas. Benavent, W. J. Treatment of bilateral breast carcinomas in a patient with silicone-gel breast implants. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1973, 51, 588-589. CANCER. Benediktsson, K. P., Perbeck, L., Geigant, E., and Solders, G. Touch sensibility in the breast after subcutaneous mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with a prosthesis. British Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1997, 50, (6): 443-449. SENSATION/local complications/reconstruction. Bengtsson, D., Edstrom, K., Sigurdsson, J., and Tibblin, G. Prevalence of subjectively experienced symptoms in a population sample of women with special reference to women with arterial hypertension. Scan J Prim Health Care. 1987, 5, 155-162. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Benito, J. Breast implants: methods for reducing capsular contracture. European Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1990, 13, 198-200. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE. Benjamin, E., Ahmed, A., Rashid, A. T. M. F., and Wright, D. H. Silicone lymphadenopathy: A report of two cases, one with concomitant malignant lymphoma. Diagnostic Histopathology. 1982, 5, 133-141. LYMPHADENOPATHY/local complications/cancer. Benjamin, J. L., and Guy, C. L. Calcification of implant capsules following augmentation mammoplasty. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1977, 59, (3): 432-433. CALCIFICATION/local complications. Bennett, D. R., Gorzinski, S. J., and LeBeau, J. E. Structure-activity relationships of oral organosiloxanes on the male reproductive system. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. 1972, 21, 55-67. TOXICOLOGY.

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Page 470 Smalley, D. L., and Shanklin, D. R. Age range and percentile rank of Tm lymphocyte stimulation indices (si) in 1,000 silicone breast implant patients (SBIp) [abstract]. 8th Annual Conference of the International Society for Environmental Epidemiology, August 17-21, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. 1996. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Smalley, D. L., Talcott, T. D., and Shanklin, D. R. Response enhancement in T lymphocyte memory testing by triphasic combination of silicaceous mitogens [abstract]. FASEB Journal. 1996b, 10, A1434. IMMUNE EFFECTS/silica. Smith, A. L. The analytical chemistry of organosilicon materials. Smith, A. L., ed. The Analytical Chemistry of Silicones. New York: Wiley & Sons, 1991, p. 23-45, Chap. 2. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION/silicone chemistry. Smith, A. L. Trace analysis involving silicones. Smith, A. L., ed. The Analytical Chemistry of Silicones. New York: Wiley & Sons, 1991, p. 71-95, Chap. 4. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION/silicone chemistry. Smith, C. A. Breast implant controversy deserves more study [letter]. Texas Medicine. 1994 Feb, 90, (2): 7. GENERAL/letter. Smith, M. L., and Wey, P. D. Immediate breast reconstruction in patients with locally advanced disease [open discussion]. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1997 Apr, 38, (4): 350-351. CANCER/reconstruction. Smith, S. D., Gerber, P. C., Meade, B. J., Butterworth, L. F., Mccay, J. A., White, K. L., and Munson, A. E. Natural killer cell activity is suppressed following exposure to silicone gel [abstract]. Toxicologist. 1994 Mar, 14, 1250. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Solomon, G. Clinical and serologic features of 639 symptomatic women with silicone gel implants: evidence for novel disease siliconosis. Arthritis Rheum. 1994b, 37, (9): S423. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Solomon, G. Clinical features of a subset of symptomatic women with silicone breast implants and extreme elevations of serum IGM [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1996, 39. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/immune effects/myeloma. Solomon, G., Borenstein, D., Bridges, A. J, Colin, M., Freundlich, B., Goldsmith, F., Silverman, S., Wallace, D., and Weiner, S. Preliminary Criteria for Silicone Related Disease (SSRD). Berkeley Delphic Panel. 1995 Oct 22. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Solomon, G., Espinoza, L., and Silverman, S. Breast implants and connective-tissue diseases [letter]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1994 Nov 3, 331, (18): 1231. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Solomon, G., Silverman, S., and Espinoza, L. More on breast implants and connective-tissue disease [letter-reply]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1995, 332, 1306-1307. GENERAL/letter. Spear, S. L. Capsulotomy, capsulectomy, and implantectomy [editorial]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1993 Aug, 92, (2): 323-324. CAPSULE CONTRACTURE/local complications/closed capsulotomy/explantation. Spear, S. L., Heppe, H., and Garvey, R. C. Diffusion characteristics of Solu-Medrol across double-lumen breast implants in vivo and in vitro. Annual Meeting of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, 1991 Apr 29, New York, NY. STEROIDS. Spear, S. L., and Maxwell, G. P. Discussion of Evans, G.R.D. et al. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1995, 96, (5): 116-118. RADIATION. Spiera, H. Rheumatic disease in patients with silicone implants [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1992, 35 (Supplement), S349. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Spiera, H. Scleroderma after silicone augmentation mammoplasty [letter-reply]. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1988 Jul 7, 260, (2): 236-238. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE.

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Page 471 Spiera, H., Spiera, R. F., and Gibofsky, A. Silicone breast implants and connective tissue disease [letter-reply]. J. Rheumatol. 1994, 21, (10): 1979-1980. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Spiera, R. F., and Gibofsky, A. Scleroderma in women with silicone breast implants: Comment on the article by Sánchez-Guerrero et al. [letter]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1995 May, 38, (5): 719. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Spiera, R. F., Gibofsky, A., and Spiera, H. Breast implants and connective-tissue diseases [letter]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1994 Nov 3, 331, (18): 1232. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Spira, M. Clinical experience with polyurethane-covered gel-filled mammary prostheses [discussion]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1981 Oct, 68, (4): 519-520. POLYURETHANE/local complications/infection/capsule-contracture. Star, V. L., Scott, J., Sherwin, R., Hochberg, M. C., Lane, N., and Nevitt, M. Validity of self-reported physician-diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis for use in epidemiologic studies. San Antonio: 57th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology, 1993 Nov. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Stark, F. O., Falender J.R., and Wright, A. P. Silicones. Wilkinson, G., Stona, F. G. A., and Abel, E. W., eds. Comprehensive Organometallic Chemistry. Volume 2 ed. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1982. SILICONE CHEMISTRY. Stewart, M. W., and Elliott, M. Characteristics of women with and without breast implants [letter]. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1997 Sep 10, 278, (10): 818. GENERAL/letter. Stott-Kendall, P. Tom Illusions. DebCar Publishing, 1994. GENERAL. Stroman and et al. Abstract: in-vivo mr detection of silicone gel degradation. Fifth World Biomaterials Congress, Toronto, Canada. 1996 May. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Stueber, K. A complication of tissue expander breast reconstruction [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1997 Apr, 99, (5): 1464-1465. MAMMOGRAPHY/local complications/expander/letter. Stump, A. S. An Inhalation Range-Finding Reproductive Toxicity Study of Decamethylcyclo-pentasiloxane (D5) in Rats. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1996b Aug 27. TOXICOLOGY. Stump, A. S. An Inhalation Range-Finding Reproductive Toxicity Study of Octamethylcyclotetra-siloxane. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1997 Jul 29. TOXICOLOGY. Stump, A. S. An Inhalation Range-Finding Reproductive Toxicity Study of Octamethylcyclotetra-siloxane (D4) in Rats. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1996 Aug 27. TOXICOLOGY. Stump, A. S. An Inhalation Range-Finding Reproductive Toxicity Study of Octamethylcyclotetra-siloxane (D4) in Rats. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1996a Mar 7. TOXICOLOGY. Sun, L., Ricci, J. L., Alexander, H., Klein, A., Lattarulo, N., and Blumenthal, N. C. Silicone in the blood and capsule of women with breast implants (abstract). Fifth World Biomaterials Congress, Toronto, Canada. 1996. SILICON MEASUREMENT. Sunshine, J. Evaluating the health risks of breast implants [letter]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1996, 335, (15): 1155. GENERAL/letter. Swan, S. H. Estimating The Prevalence and Duration of Use of Silicone Breast Implants. Abstracts of Immunology. PREVALENCE. Swan, S. H., Teuber, S. S., and Gershwin, M. E. Silicone implant controversy [letter]. The Lancet. 1995, 345, 319. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Swanson, A. B. Complications of silicone elastomer prostheses [letter]. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1977 Aug 29, 238, (9): 939. MIGRATION/general/letter.

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Page 472 Swanson, A. B., Maupin, K., Nalbandian, R. M., and de Groot-Swanson, G. Host reaction to silicone implants: a long term clinical and histopathological study. In: Corrosion and Degradation of Implant Materials, Fraker, A. C.//Griffin, C. C., Eds. Philadelphia, Pa: American Society for Testing and Materials, 1985, pp. 267-277. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION/local complications. Swedish Cancer Society and Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. The impact of breast cancer screening with mammography in women aged 40 to 49 years, 1996 Mar 21-1996 Mar 22, Falun, Sweden. MAMMOGRAPHY. Taylor, R. B. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Smith, A. L. Ed. The Analytical Chemistry of Silicones. New York: Wiley & Sons, 1991, p. 347-419, Chap. 12. SILICON MEASUREMENT. Taylor, R. B., and Kennan, J. J. 29Si NMR and blood silicon levels in silicon levels in silicone gel breast implant recipients. Magn Reson Med. 1996, 36, (3): 498-501. SILICON MEASUREMENT. Tebbetts. John. Transumbilical approach to breast augmentation [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1994 Jul, 94, (1): 215-216. GENERAL/letter. Teel, W. B. A population-based case-control study of risk factors for connective tissue diseases. Seattle, WA: University of Washington, 1997, c1997. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Teich Alasia, S., Ambroggio, G. P., Di Vittoria, S., Sismondi, P., Stani, G. F., and Blandamura, R. Autoimmune Connective Tissue Disease and Silicone Implants. In: International Confederation for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 7th Congress, 1993, Berlin. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Tenenbaum, S. A., Cuéllar, M. L., Garry, R. F., and Espinoza, L. R. Production of antibodies to partially cross-linked polymers in silicone breast implant recipients. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1993a, S118, A123 (abstr). IMMUNE EFFECTS. Tenenbaum, S. A., Cuéllar, M. L., Silveira, L. H., Garry, R. F., and Espinoza, L. R. Identification of a novel antigen recognized by breast implant recipients [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1993b Sep, 36, (9 (Supplement)): S118. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Tenenbaum, S. A., and Garry, R. F. Silicone breast implants and antipolymer antibodies [letter-reply]. The Lancet. 1997b Sep 6, 350, (9079): 740-741. IMMUNE EFFECTS/letter. Tenenbaum, S. A., Rice, J. C., Espinoza, L. R., and Garry, R. F. Antipolymer antibodies, silicone breast implants, and fibromyalgia [letter-reply]. The Lancet. 1997 Apr 19, 349, (9059): 1171-1172. IMMUNE EFFECTS/connective tissue disease/letter. Tenenbaum, S. A., Rice, J. C., Plymale, D. R., Sander, D. M., Wilson, R. B., Garry, R. F., Swan, S. H., Gluck, O. S., Teser, J. R. P., Weinrib, L. R., Stribrny, K. M., Bevan, J. A., Cuellar, M. L., and Espinoza, L. R. Diagnostic and clinical criteria distinguishing silicone related disorders from classical rheumatic disease. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1995 Sep, 38, (9 (Supplement)): S325. IMMUNE EFFECTS/connective tissue disease. Tenenbaum, S. A., Silveira, L. H., Martinez-Osuna, P., Cuéllar, M. L., Garry, R. F., and Espinoza, L. R. Identification of a novel autoantigen recognized in silicone associated connective tissue disease [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1992, 35, (9 (Supplement)): S73. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Teuber, S. S., Saunders, R. L., Halpern, G. M., Brucker, R. F., Conte, V., Goldman, B. A., Winger, E. E., Wood, W. G., and Gershwin, M. E. Serum silicon levels are elevated in women with silicone gel implants. Potter and Rose, eds. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology: Immunology of Silicones. Heidelburg, 1996. SILICON MEASUREMENT.

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Page 473 Thompson, R. M., Howard. C.C., Brewer, E. J., and et al. Compositional Analysis of Silicone Prostheses. Columbus, Oh.: Columbus Laboratories, 1979 Feb 29. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Thompson, R. M., Howard, C. C., Crowley, J. P., DeRoos, F. L., and Leininger, R. I. Literature Review: Polymeric Material Leachables and their Biologic Effects and Toxicology. Columbus, Ohio: Battelle-Columbus Laboratories: 1979. TOXICOLOGY/silicone characterization. Tinkler, J. J. B., Campbell, H. J., Senior, J. M., and Ludgate, S. M. Evidence for an Association Between the Implantation of Silicones and Connective Tissue Disease. United Kingdom: UK Department of Health, Medical Devices Directorate, 1993 Feb. GENERAL. Titley, O. G. The breast fish [letter]. British Journal of Plastic Surgery. 1997, 50, (4): 295. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS/letter. Tomkins, E. C. A 28-day oral toxicity study of Dow Corning 200 fluid, 10 cst in rats. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1995 May 4. TOXICOLOGY. Tompkins, E. C. A 13-week Subchronic Toxicity Study of Dow Corning 200® Fluid, 350 cst in Rats. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1995 Nov 7. TOXICOLOGY. Trachtman, H., Ilowite, N., and Levine, J. Increased urinary no.3 and no.2 excretion in children breast fed by mothers with silicone implants. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1996, 37, (supplement 9): S422. CHILDREN'S EFFECTS/breast feeding. Travis, W. E., Balogh, K., Wolf, B. C., and Abraham, J. L. Silicone-related pathology: A review [abstract]. American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 1984 Jun, 81, 806. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS. Tricot, G. J. K, Naucke, S., Vaught, B. A., Vesole, D., Jagannath, S., and Barlogie, B. Is the risk of multiple myeloma increased in patients with silicone implants? Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology: Immunology of Silicones. 1996, p. 357-359. MYELOMA. Troum, O. M., Mongan, E. S., Brody, G. S., Gray, J. D., and Quismorio, Jr. F. P. Immunological function of patients with augmentation mammoplasty (AM) [abstract]. Arthrits and Rheumatism. 1987 Apr, 30, (4 (Supplement)): S107. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Troum, O. M., and Quismorio, Jr. F. P. Rheumatoid arthritis in a male transexual [letter]. J. Rheumatol. 1985, 12, (3): 640-641. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Truppman, E. S., and Ellenby, J. D. A 13-year evaluation of subpectoral augmentation mammoplasty. Symposium on Aesthetic Surgery of the Breast. St. Louis: Mosby, 1978, p. 344-352. CAPSULE CONTRACTURE. Tugwell, P. Rheumatology: Clinical case definitions/diagnoses and clinical associations. Silicone breast implants in relation to connective tissue diseases and immunologic dysfunctrion: National Science Panel, 1998 Nov 17. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/immune effects. U.S. Congress House of Representatives. The FDA's Regulation of Silicone Breast Implants. A staff report prepared by the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992 Dec. GENERAL. U.S. Congress House of Representatives. Is the FDA Protecting Patients from the Dangers of Silicone Breast Implants? Hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990 Dec 18. GENERAL. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Healthy People 2000: national health promotion and disease prevention objectives—full report with commentary. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1991. GENERAL.

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Page 474 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Thirtieth Report of the Interagency Testing Committee to the Administrator, receipt of report and request for committee regarding priority testing list of chemicals. Federal Register. 1992 Jul 9, 57, (152): 30608. TOXICOLOGY. Udkoff, R., Alim, A., Ahn, C., Shaw, W., and Bassett, L. W. MR imaging in the evaluation of breast implants [abstract]. Radiology. 1991, 181, 347. MAMMOGRAPHY. Uretsky, B. F. Systemic illness and augmentation mammaplasty [letter-reply]. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1980 May, 4, (5): 436. IMMUNE EFFECTS/letter. Utell, M. J., Plotzke, K. P., Varaprath, S., Lane, T. H., and Kolesar, G. B. Clinical Studies on the Respiratory Effects of Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4): Mouthpiece and Nasal Exposures. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1997 Sep 4. TOXICOLOGY. Vaamonde, R., Cabrera, J. M., Vaamonde-Martín, R. J., Jimena, I., and Marcos Martín, J. Silicone granulomatous lymphadenopathy and siliconomas of the breast. Histology and Histopathology. 1997 Oct, 12, (4): 1003-1011. GRANULOMAS/silica/local complications/lymphadenopathy. Valesini, G., Bavoillot, D., and Pittoni, V. Silicone breast implants and connective-tissue diseases [editorial]. Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology. 1995, 13, 521-523. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Van Der Voet, G. B. Human exposure to lithium, thalium, antimony, gold, and platinum. In: Chang, L. W., ed. Toxicology of Metals. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers, 1996, p. 455-460, Ch. 28. PLATINUM/toxicology. Van Dyke, M. E. Chemical Characterization of Extract Residues from Silicone Gel-Filled Mammary Implant Devices. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1994 Aug 24. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Van Dyke, M. E., and Fowler, D. G. Evaluation of Techniques for the Determination of Analytes Present in Gel Bleed from Silicone Gel-Filled Mammary Implant Devices. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1994 Aug 17. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Van Dyke, M. E., and Fowler, D. G. A Study of Inter-Laboratory Testing Consistency for Determining the Chemical Properties of Dow Corning Silicone Gel-Filled Mammary Implant Devices. Midland, Mich.: Dow Coming Corporation, 1993 Dec 9. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION. Van Oss, C. J., and Naim, J. O. Aspecific Immunoglobulin Binding to Hydrophobic Surfaces. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology: Immunology of Silicones. 1996, 210, 85-91. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Van Vollenhoven, R. Breast implants and connective tissue diseases [letter]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1995 Nov 23, 333, (21): 1424. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Varaprath, S. to LeVier, R. R.1991 Jun 19. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS/letter. Varaprath, S. to LeVier, R. R. Dow Corning: 1992 Jan 30. LOCAL COMPLICATIONS/letter. Varaprath, S. Non-Regulated Study: Identification of Major Metabolites of Octamethylcyclotetra-siloxane (D4) in Rat Urine. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1996 Dec 17. SILICON MEASUREMENT/toxicology. Varaprath, S., Salyers, K. L., and Plotzke, K. P. Non-Regulated Study: Identification of Major Metabolites of Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) in Rat Urine. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1997 Aug 26. SILICON MEASUREMENT.

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Page 475 Varga, J., and Jimenez, S. A. (Thomas Jefferson University). Systemic sclerosis, 'human adjuvant disease' and other chronic systemic autoimmune diseases following augmentation mammoplasty. Stratmeyer, M. E., Project Officer. Silicone in Medical Devices, 1991 Feb, Baltimore, Md. Rockville, Md.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1991 Dec. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Varga, J., and Jiminez, S. A. Augmentation mammoplasty and scleroderma [editorial]. Archives of Dermatology. 1990 Sep, 126, 1220-1222. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Vasey, F. B. Clinical experience with systemic illness in women with silicone breast implants: Comment on the editorial by Rose [letter]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1997, 40, (8): 1545. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Vasey, F. B., and Aziz, N. Breast implants and connective tissue diseases [letter]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1995 Nov 23, 333, (21): 1423. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Vasey, F. B., Aziz, N., Havice, D., Wells, A. F., and Haley, J. A. Prospective clinical status comparison between women retaining gel breast implants vs. women removing implants, Amer. Coll. Rheum. Mtg. (abstract). Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1996, 39. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/explantation. Vasey, F. B., Aziz, N., and Leaverton. Silicone Breast Implant Outcome Study (Abstract No. T69). 1996 Annual Conference of ISEE, 1996 Jul. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Vasey, F. B., Aziz, N., Seleznick, M. J., Wells, A. F., and Valeriano, J. Silicone gel implant explantation [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1995 Dec, 96, (7): 1748-1749. EXPLANTATION/connective tissue disease/letter. Vasey, F. B., Bocanegra, T. S., Havice, D. L., Seleznick, M. J., Bridgeford, P. H., and Germain, B. F. Silicone associated connective tissue disease: Onset of systemic signs and symptoms after traumatic rupture of silicone gel filled breast implants [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1992a, 24, (Supplement): S212. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/local complications/rupture. Vasey, F. B., Espinoza, L. R., Martinez-Osuna, P., Seleznik, M. J., Brozena, S. J., and Penske, N. A. Silicone and rheumatic disease: Replace implants or not? [letter]. Archives of Dermatology. 1991 Jun, 127, 907. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/immune effects/explantation. Vasey, F. B., Havice, D., Sileznick, M. T., and et al. Clinical manifestations of fifty consecutive women with silicone breast implants and connective tissue disease. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1992b Sep, 35, (9 (Supplement)): S212. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Vasey, F. B., Seleznick, M., and Wells, A. F. Rheumatic disease symptoms and silicone breast implants: Comment on the article by Cook et al. and the article by Sánchez-Guerrero et al. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1995 May, 38, (5): 719-721. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Vecchione, T. R. On closed compression to rupture capsules around breast implants [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1977 Jun, 59, (6): 840. CLOSED CAPSULOTOMY/rupture/letter/local complications. Venanzi, W. E. The positive ANA by HEp-2 cell line assay in a normal population [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1994 Jun, 37, (6 (Supplement)): R19. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Versaci, A. D. Refinements in reconstruction of congenital breast deformities [discussion]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1985 Jul, 76, (1): 81-82. EXPANDER/reconstruction. Vessman, J., Hammar, C., Lindeke, B., Stromberg, S., LeVier, R., Robinson, R., Spielvogel, D., and Hanneman, L. Analysis of some organosilicone compounds in biological material. Bendz, G., and Lindqvist, I., eds. Biochemistry of Silicon and Related Problems. New York and London: Plenum Press, 1978, p. 535-558. SILICONE CHARACTERIZATION/silicon measurement.

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Page 476 Vinnik, C. A. The hazards of silicone injections [editorial]. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1976a Aug 23, 959. SILICONE INJECTION. Vinnik, C. A. Migratory silicone-clinical aspects of silicone in medical devices. in. Silicone in Medical Devices, Proceedings of a Conference, 1991: DHHS, 1991. MIGRATION. Vinnik, C. A. Silicone mastopathy. In: Owsley Jr., JQ and Peterson, RA, Editors. Symposium on Aesthetic Surgery of the Breast: proceedings of the symposium of the Educational Foundation of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons, inc., and the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc., held at Scottsdale, Arizona, November 23-26, 1975. St. Louis, MO: C.V. Mosby Company, 1978. SILICONE INJECTION. Vistnes, L. M. Tissue expansion in soft-tissue reconstruction [discussion]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1984 Oct, 74, (4): 491-492. EXPANDER/reconstruction. Vistnes, L. M., and Ksander, G. A. Tissue response to soft silicone prostheses: Capsule formation and other sequelae. Rubin, L. R., Ed. Biomaterials in Reconstructive Surgery. St. Louis: The C.V. Mosby Company, 1983, p. 318-328. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications. Vogel, G. E. Analysis of excreted Dow Corning® 360 fluid from oral dosing of rhesus monkey. Midland, Mich.: Dow Corning Corporation, 1972 Feb 25. TOXICOLOGY. Vogel, H., and Edmondson, E. Pathological findings in nerve and muscle biopsies from 55 women with silicone breast implants [abstract]. Neurology. 1996 Apr: A54, Abstract No. P01.137. NEUROLOGIC DISEASE. Volpe, R. Thyrotropin receptor autoantibodies. Peter, J. B., and Shoenfeld, Y., eds. Autoantibodies. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1996, pp. 822-829. CHILDREN'S EFFECTS/breast feeding. Von Heiser, F. W., von Finckenstein, J., and Bohmnert, R. Are There Systemic Side Effects after Silicone Gel Breast Implants? Presented at the Plastic Surgery Berlin Congress, 1993. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Wallace, D. J., and Schwart, E. Breast implants and connective-tissue diseases [letter]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1994 Nov 3, 331, (18): 1232-1233. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Watts, G. T., Caruso, F., and Waterhouse, J. A. Mastectomy with primary reconstruction [letter]. The Lancet. 1980 Nov 1, 2, 967. RECONSTRUCTION/letter. Weiner, S. R., Bulpitt, K. J., Myers, B. L., and et al. Chronic arthropathy after silicone augmentation mammaplasty (CSA) [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1992, 35, (9 (Supplement)): S212. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Weiner, S. R., Clements, P. J., and Paulus, H. H. Connective tissue disease after augmentation mammaplasty. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1988, 23, R23. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Weiner, S. R., Suzuki, S. M., Clements, P. J., and Paulus, H. E. Scleroderma (PSS) after augmentation mammoplasty (AM) [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1989, 32, (4 (Supplement)): S79. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Wellisch, D. K. Psychosocial aspects of breast implantation. Gorczyca, D. P., and Brenner, R. J., eds. The Augmented Breast: Radiologic and Clinical Perspectives. New York, Stuttgart: Thieme, 1997, p. 6-15. PSYCHOSOCIAL. Wells, R. L. Treatment of capsular contracture around retromammary implant [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1990 Oct, 86, (4): 811. CAPSULE-CONTRACTURE/local complications/letter. Wexler, A. M. Scleroderma after silicone augmentation mammoplasty [letter]. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1988 Nov 25, 260, (20): 236-238. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Whidden, P. G. Augmentation mammoplasty. Transplant/Reconstr Today. 1986, 3, 43. GENERAL.

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Page 477 White, Jr. K. L., McDaniel, C. W., Butterworth, F., and Klykken, P. C. Non-specific binding of IgG immunoglobulins to silicone mammary implant elastomer [abstract]. FASEB Journal. 1995 Mar 9, 9, (3): 2986. IMMUNE EFFECTS. White, K. L. Jr., Butterworth, L. F., David, D. W., and Klykken, P. C. Failure of silicone gel to exacerbate autoimmune responses in female NZB/W mice [abstract]. SOT 1997 Annual Meeting. 1997: 265. IMMUNE EFFECTS/toxicology. Whitmore, S. E. Breast implants and connective-tissue disease [letter]. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1996 Jul 10, 276, (2): 102. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Whysner, J. Epidemiology of silicone breast implants [letter]. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1997 Apr 15, 126, (8): 667. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Wick, G., Wagner, R., Klima, G., and Wilflingseder, P. Immunohistochemical analysis of the connective tissue capsule formation and constriction around mammary silicone prostheses. Cellular, Molecular and Genetic Approaches to Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy. University of Tokyo Press, 1987, p. 231-241. IMMUNE EFFECTS/capsule contracture/local complications. Wigley, F. M., Miller, R., Hochberg, M. C., and Steen, V. Augmentation mammoplasty in patients with systemic sclerosis: Data from the Baltimore Scleroderma Research Center and Pittsburgh Scleroderma Data Bank [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1992, 35, (9 (Supplement)): S46. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Wilhelm, K. Silicone and autoimmunity [letter]. Autoimmunity. 1993, 14, 341-342. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/immune effects. Wilkinson, S. Seeking Clarity on Breast Implants. C&EN Washington. 1998 Aug 10: 53-54. GENERAL. Williams, A. F. Silicone breast implants, breastfeeding, and scleroderma [letter]. The Lancet. 1994 Apr 23, 343, 1043-1044. CHILDREN'S EFFECTS/breast feeding/connective tissue disease/letter. Williams, H. J., and Weisman, M. H. Silicone breast implants in patients with undifferentiated connective tissue disease [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1994 Sep, 37, (9 (Supplement)): S422. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Williams, J. E. Augmentation mammaplasty—Inframammary approach. In: Georgiade, N. G., ed. Reconstructive Breast Surgery. St. Louis, Mo.: The C.V. Mosby Company, 1976, p. 50-67. GENERAL. Williams, J., Jackson, I., Hoberman, L., and et al. Outcome study following removal of breast implants [abstract]. Presented At 75th Meeting of American Association of Plastic Surgeons, 1996 May. EXPLANTATION. Williams, T. L., Naito, H. K., Chan, S. C., Homburger, H. A., and Myers, G. College of American Pathologists Position Statement: Laboratory Testing for Monitoring Patients with Silicone Breast Implants [position paper]. College of American Pathologists, 1993 Fall. GENERAL. Wilson, M. R., and Nitsche, J. F. Immunodiffusion assays for antibodies to nonhistone nuclear antigens. Rose, N. R., Friedman, H., and Fahey, J. L., Editors. Manual of Clinical Laboratory Immunology. Washington, D.C.: American Society for Microbiology, 1986, p. 41. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Wilson, S. D., Levier, D., Butterworth, L., and Munson, A. Natural killer cell activity is enhanced following exposure to D4 [abstract]. Society of Toxicology 35th Annual Mtg. 1966 Mar: Abstract No. 1758. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Wilson, S. D., and Munson, A. E. Serum corticosterone levels are elevated after exposure to octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane [abstract]. Society of Toxicology 1997 Annual Meeting. 1997: 265. TOXICOLOGY.

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Page 478 Wilson, S. D., and Munson, A. E. Silicone-induced modulation of natural killer cell activity. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology: Immunology of Silicones. 1996, p. 199-208. IMMUNE EFFECTS/toxicology. Wise, D. M. Breast implants and trauma [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1994a Apr, 93, (5): 1104-1105. RUPTURE/local complications/letter. Wise, D. M. Silicone gel breast implants [letter]. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 1994b Jul 27, 272, (4): 272-273. GENERAL. Wolf, C. J., Brandon, H., Jerina, K., and Young, L. Long Term Aging of Implanted Silcone/Silica Composite Breast Implants. 1997 Jul. RUPTURE. Wolf, C. J., Srivastava, A. P., Brandon, H. J., Jerina, K. L., and Young, V. L. Chemical, physical, and mechanical analysis of explanted breast implants. Potter, M., and Rose, N., eds. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology: Immunology of Silicones. 1996, pp. 25-37. EXPLANTATION/rupture/local complications. Wolfe, F. Silicone breast implants and the risk of fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1995a Sep, 38, (9 (Supplement)): S265. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. Wolfe, J. N. On mammography in the presence of breast implants [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1978 Aug, 62, (2): 286. MAMMOGRAPHY/saline/letter. Wolfe, S. M. Breast Implants: The Debate Continues. Public Citizen's Health Research Group: Health Letter. 1998 Sep, 2, 2-3. GENERAL. Wong, O. Breast implants and connective-tissue diseases [letter]. The New England Journal of Medicine. 1994 Nov 3, 331, (18): 1233. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Wrona, N., Koeger, A. Lefranc J. P., Rozenberg, S., Meyer, O., Blondon, J., and Bourgeois, P. Systemic clinical and immunological manifestations following silicone mammoplasty [abstract]. Arthritis and Rheumatism. 1993 Sep, 36, (9 (Supplement)): S144. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE. York, R., and Schardien, J. L. Developmental toxicity studies with octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4) in cd rats and rabbits [abstract]. Toxicologist. 1994 Mar, 14, 572. TOXICOLOGY. Yoshida, S. H., Teuber, S. S., Gershwin, M. E., and Swan, S. H. Letters to the Editor [letter]. Life Sciences. 1995, 57, (19): 1740. CONNECTIVE TISSUE DISEASE/letter. Young, J. F. Disposition, storage, degradation, removal and excretion of the different silicones. Silicone in Medical Devices, Proceedings of a Conference, 1991: DHHS, 1991. TOXICOLOGY. Young, V. L. Increase of immunologically relevant parameters in correlation with Baker classification in breast implant recipients [discussion]. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1996a May, 36, (5): 518-521. IMMUNE EFFECTS/local complications/capsule-contracture/connective tissue disease. Young, V. L. Testing the test: An analysis of the reliability of the silicone sensitivity test (SILS) in detecting immune-mediated responses to silicone breast implants [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1996b Mar, 97, (3): 681-683. IMMUNE EFFECTS/letter. Young, V. L., Brandon, H. J., Jerina, K. L., Wolf, C., and Schorr, M. W. Failure characteristics of explanted breast implants. Fifth World Biomaterials Congress, Toronto, Canada. 1996a May. EXPLANTATION/rupture. Young, V. L., Nemecek, J. R., Schwartz, B. D., and Phelan, D. L. HLA typing in women with and without silicone gel-filled breast implants. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology: Immunology of Silicones. 1996, p. 209-225. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Young, V. L., Peters, W., Brandon, H. J., Jerina, K. L., and Wolf, C. J. Determining the Frequency of Breast Implant Failure Requires Sound Scientific Principles. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1998 Sep, 102, (4): 1295-1299. RUPTURE/local complications.

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Page 479 Young, V. L., and Schorr, M. W. Analysis of 100+ consecutive breast implants for integrity and mechanism of failure. Presentation at the 74th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Plastic Surgeons. San Diego, Calif.: American Association of Plastic Surgeons, 1995 May 2. RUPTURE/local complications. Yuen, J. C., Klitzman, B., and Serafin, D. Biomaterials used in plastic surgery. Grecoi, R. S. Implantation Biology: The Host Response and Biomedical Devices. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, 1994, p. 192-228. GENERAL. Zandman-Goddard, G., Blank, M., Ehrenfeld, M., Gilburd, B., Gershwin, P. J., Gershwin, M. E., and Shoenfeld, Y. A comparison of autoantibody production in asymptomatic and symptomatic women with silicone breast implants. Arthr. Rheum. 1996, 39, S149. IMMUNE EFFECTS. Zenick, H. et al. Chapter 27. in: Hayes, A. W. Ed. Principles and Methods of Toxicology. New York: Raven Press, 1994. TOXICOLOGY. Zide, B. Complications of closed capsulotomy after augmentation [letter]. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 1981 May, 67, (5): 697. CAPSULE CONTRACTURE/lymphadenopathy/local complications/letter. Zuckerman, D. The Safety of Silicone Breast Implants. 1998, briefing paper. GENERAL.

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