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References

Anderson, B.E., W.R. Cofer, D.R. Bagwell, K.E. Brunke, J.W. Barrick, C.H. Hudgins, and G.D. Nowicki. 1998a. Airborne observations of aircraft aerosol emissions: I. Total and nonvolatile particle emission indices. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1689–1692.

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References Anderson, B.E., W.R. Cofer, D.R. Bagwell, K.E. Brunke, J.W. Barrick, C.H. Hudgins, and G.D. Nowicki. 1998a. Airborne observations of aircraft aerosol emissions: I. Total and nonvolatile particle emission indices. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1689–1692. Anderson, B.E., W.R. Cofer, D.R. Bagwell, K.E. Brunke, J.W. Barrick, C.H. Hudgins, and G.D. Nowicki. 1998b. Airborne observations of aircraft aerosol emissions: II. Factors controlling volatile particle production. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 1693–1696. Andrews, A.E., K.A. Boering, B.C. Daube, S.C. Wofsy, E.J. Hintsa, E.M. Weinstock and T.P. Bui. 1999. Empirical age spectra for the lower tropical stratospheric from in situ observations of CO2: Implications for stratospheric transport, J. Geophys. Res., Submitted. Arnold, F., J. Scheidt, T. Stilp, H. Schlager, and M.E. Reinhardt. 1992. Measurements of Jet Aircraft Emissions at Cruise Altitude: I. The Odd-Nitrogen Gases NO, NO2, HNO2, and HNO3. Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 2421–2424. Arnold, F., T. Stilp, R. Busen, and U. Schumann. 1998. Jet engine exhaust chemi-ion measurements: Implications for gaseous SO3 and H2SO4. Atmos. Environ., 32, 3073–3077. Austin, J., N. Butchart, and R. Swinbank. 1997. Sensitivity of ozone and temperature to vertical resolution in a GCM with coupled stratospheric chemistry. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 123, 1405–1431. Barone, S.B., M.A. Zondlo, and M.A. Tolbert. 1997. A kinetic and product study of the hydrolysis of ClONO2 on type Ia polar stratospheric cloud materials at 185K. J. Phys. Chem. A, 101, 8643–8652. Baughcum, S.L., and S.C. Henderson. 1998. Aircraft Emission Scenarios Projected in Year 2015 for the NASA Technology Concept Aircraft (TCA) High Speed Civil Transport, NASA CR-1998—207635. Becker, G., R. Muller, D.S. McKenna, M. Rex, and K.S. Carslaw. 1998. Ozone loss rates in the arctic stratosphere in the winter 1991/92: Model calculations compared with match results. Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 4325–4328. Bischof, W., R. Borchers, P. Fabian, and B.C. Krueger. 1985. Increased concentration and vertical distribution of carbon dioxide in the stratosphere. Nature, 316, 708–710.

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