Education; and an Ed.D. in curriculum and teaching from Teachers College, Columbia University. He was the 1996 recipient of the Harvard Graduate School of Education award for outstanding contribution in education and a 1997 award from Teachers College for excellence in teaching.

ROBERT BERNE is vice president for academic development at New York University, where he has been a faculty member since 1976. His primary research interests involve educational policy research issues, such as school finance equity and school-level budgeting. In addition to numerous published articles, he is the coauthor (with Leanna Stiefel) of The Measurement of Equity in School Finance and the coeditor (with Lawrence Picus) of Outcome Equity in Education. He chaired the Outcome Equity Study Group for the New York State Commissioner of Education, served as executive director of the New York State Temporary Commission on New York City School Governance from 1989 to 1991, and was the director of policy research for New York State's Temporary Commission on the Distribution of School Aid in 1988. He has an M.B.A. in finance and a Ph.D. in business and public administration from Cornell University.

ROSEMARY CHALK (Senior Program Officer) is study director of the Committee on Immunization Finance Policies and Practices at the Institute of Medicine. Formerly, she was a senior program officer at the National Research Council with the Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. She has directed several projects at the National Research Council since 1987, including studies on family violence, child abuse and neglect, and research ethics. Prior to that time, she was a consultant for science and society research projects in Cambridge, Massachusetts. She was the program head of the Committee on Scientific Freedom and Responsibility of the American Association for the Advancement of Science from 1976 to 1986. She has a B.A. in foreign affairs from the University of Cincinnati.

DENNIS N. EPPLE is Thomas Lord professor of economics at the Graduate School of Industrial Administration at Carnegie Mellon University and a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. His research interests include the economics of education, public economics, industrial organization, and applied econometrics. He has published in the areas of education finance and policy, state and local public finance, and urban economics. He is a former coeditor of the American Economic Review. He has an M.P.A. from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, and a Ph.D. in economics from Princeton University.

NEAL D. FINKELSTEIN (Senior Program Officer) is a research coordinator with the University of California, Office of the President, evaluating the university's outreach efforts to primary and secondary schools. Before his work

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