References

Bickel, G., M. Andrews, and B. Klein 1996 Measuring food security in the United States: A supplement to the CPS. In Nutrition and Food Security in the Food Stamp Program. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Brady, H.E., and B.W. Snow 1996 Data Systems and Statistical Requirements for the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Paper presented to the Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., October 25, 1996. Available online at http://ucdata.berkeley.edu/pubs/NAS1196.html.


Carlson, S. 1996 Nutrition Assistance and Welfare Reform: Understanding the Consequences of Change. Unpublished paper presented at the Conference on National Statistics on Health and Social Welfare Programs, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., December 12, 1996.

Center for Budget and Policy Priorities 1996 The New Welfare Law-Summary. D.A. Super, S. Parrott, S. Steinmetz, and C. Mann. Internet URL http://www.cbpp.org/WCNSUM.HTM.

Cook, J., L. Sherman, and L. Brown 1995 Impact of Food Stamps on the Dietary Adequacy of Poor Children. Boston, MA: Tufts University School of Nutrition, Center on Hunger, Poverty, and Nutrition Policy.


Devaney, B.L., M.R. Ellwood, and J.M. Love 1997 Programs that mitigate the effects of poverty on children. The Future of Children 7(2):88-112.


Food and Nutrition Service 1997 Special Nutrition Programs: Research Publications 1988-1997. Office of Analysis and Education, Food and Consumer Service. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.



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References Bickel, G., M. Andrews, and B. Klein 1996 Measuring food security in the United States: A supplement to the CPS. In Nutrition and Food Security in the Food Stamp Program. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Brady, H.E., and B.W. Snow 1996 Data Systems and Statistical Requirements for the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Paper presented to the Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., October 25, 1996. Available online at http://ucdata.berkeley.edu/pubs/NAS1196.html. Carlson, S. 1996 Nutrition Assistance and Welfare Reform: Understanding the Consequences of Change. Unpublished paper presented at the Conference on National Statistics on Health and Social Welfare Programs, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., December 12, 1996. Center for Budget and Policy Priorities 1996 The New Welfare Law-Summary. D.A. Super, S. Parrott, S. Steinmetz, and C. Mann. Internet URL http://www.cbpp.org/WCNSUM.HTM. Cook, J., L. Sherman, and L. Brown 1995 Impact of Food Stamps on the Dietary Adequacy of Poor Children. Boston, MA: Tufts University School of Nutrition, Center on Hunger, Poverty, and Nutrition Policy. Devaney, B.L., M.R. Ellwood, and J.M. Love 1997 Programs that mitigate the effects of poverty on children. The Future of Children 7(2):88-112. Food and Nutrition Service 1997 Special Nutrition Programs: Research Publications 1988-1997. Office of Analysis and Education, Food and Consumer Service. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture.

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Fraker, T., and R. Moffitt 1988 The effect of food stamps on labor supply: A bivariate selection model. Journal of Public Economics 35:25-56. Fraker, T. 1990 The Effects of Food Stamps on Food Consumption: A Review of the Literature. Report to the Food and Nutrition Service. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. Fraker, T., A. Martini, and J. Ohls 1995 The effect of food stamp cashout on food expenditures: An assessment of the findings from four demonstrations. Journal of Human Resources 30(4):633-649. Greenberg, M. 1993 Beyond Stereotypes: What State AFDC Studies on Length of Stay Tell Us About Welfare as a ''Way of Life." Washington, D.C.: Center for Law and Social Policy. Institute of Medicine 1994 How Should the Recommended Dietary Allowances Be Revised? Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 1996 WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria: A Scientific Assessment. Committee on Scientific Evaluation of WIC Nutrition Risk Criteria, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. 1998 Dietary Reference Intakes: Proposed Definition and Plan for Review of Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds. Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes and its Panel on Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Jones, J.Y. 1994 Child nutrition programs: A narrative legislative history and program analysis. In: Child Nutrition Programs: Issues for the 103d Congress. A report prepared for the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Kalina, B.B., C.A. Phillips, and H.V. Minns 1989 The Net Program: A ten year perspective. Journal of Nutrition Education 21(1):38-42. Kuhn, B.A., P.A. Dunn, D. Smallwood, K. Hanson, J. Blaylock, and S. Vogel 1996 The Food Stamp Program and welfare reform. Journal of Economic Perspectives 10(2):189-198. Levedahl, W.J. 1995 How much can informational outreach programs increase Food Stamp Program participation? American Journal of Agricultural Economics 77:343-352. Meyers, A.F., A.E. Sampson, M. Weitzman, B.L. Rogers, and H. Kayne 1989 School Breakfast Program and school performance. American Journal of Diseases in Children 143(10):1234-1239. National Research Council 1991 Improving Information for Social Policy Decisions: The Uses of Microsimulation Modeling: Volume I: Review and Recommendations. C.F. Citro, and E.A. Hanushek, eds. Panel to Evaluate Microsimulation Models for Social Welfare Programs, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.:National Academy Press. 1995 Measuring Poverty: A New Approach. C.F. Citro and R.T. Michael, eds. Panel on Poverty and Family Assistance: Concepts, Information Needs, and Measurement Methods, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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1998a Providing National Statistics on Health and Social Welfare Programs in an Era of Change. C.F. Citro, C.F. Manski, and J. Pepper, eds. Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council. Washington, D.C.:National Academy Press. 1998b Longitudinal Surveys of Children: Summary of a Workshop. K.K. West, R.M. Hauser, and T.M. Scanlan, eds. Committee on National Statistics and Board on Children, Youth, and Families. National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.:National Academy Press. National Research Council and Institute of Medicine 1998 New Findings on Poverty and Child Health and Nutrition: Summary of a Research Briefing. A. Bridgman and D. Phillips, eds. Board on Children, Youth, and Families, National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.:National Academy Press. O'Hare, W.P. 1996 A Shocking Rise in Working-Poor Families. 1996 Kids Count Data Book. Baltimore, Maryland: Annie E. Casey Foundation. Ohls, J., and H. Beebout 1993 The Food Stamp Program: Design Tradeoffs, Policy, and Impacts. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press. Ranney, C.K., and J.E. Kushman 1987 Cash equivalence, welfare stigma, and food stamps. Southern Economic Journal 53:1011-1027. Richardson, J. 1997 Food Stamps: A Brief Background. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, Report No. 95-366 EPW. Washington D.C.: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Rush, D., J. Leighton, N. Sloan, J.M. Alvir, and G.C. Garbowski 1988 The National WIC Evaluation: Evaluation of the Special Supplement Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children. VI: Study of infants and children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 48(2):484-511. Smallwood, D.M., K. Hanson, J. Blaylock, B. Kuhn, and S. Vogel 1995 Proposed Reform in the Food Stamp Program: Economic Impacts of Agriculture and the Economy. Economic Research Service Staff Paper, No. AGES-9520. Washington, D.C.: Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Trippe, C., and J. Sykes 1994 Food Stamp Program Participation Rates: January 1992. Food and Nutrition Service, Office of Analysis and Evaluation. Alexandria, Virginia: U.S. Department of Agriculture. U.S. Department of Agriculture 1995 Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 4th Ed. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1997a Food Stamp Program Participation Rates: January 1994. A report prepared for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Service, March 1997. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 1997b Household Food Security in the United States in 1995: Summary Report of the Food Security Measurement Project. A report prepared for the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Service, Office of Analysis and Evaluation, September 1997. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1998 The 1998 HHS Poverty Guidelines. Internet URL http://aspe.os.dhhs.gov/poverty/98poverty.htm.

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U.S. Department of Labor 1997 A Profile of the Working Poor, 1996. Report No. 918. Bureau of Labor Statistics, December 1997. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Labor. U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) 1988 Food Stamps: Reasons for Nonparticipation. GAO/PEMD-89-5BR. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1990 Food Stamp Program: A Demographic Analysis of Participation and Non-participation. GAO/PEMD-90-8. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1992 Early Intervention: Federal Investments like WIC Can Produce Savings. HRD-92-18. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

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