Appendix

Workshop Agenda and Participants

Workshop on the Evaluation of Food Assistance Programs in an Era of Welfare Reform

Committee on National Statistics

Board on Children, Youth, and Families

Food and Nutrition Board

February 12-13, 1998

Thursday, February 12, 1998, NAS Lecture Room

8:30 a.m.

Continental Breakfast

9:00

Welcome and Introduction

Charles Manski, Workshop Chair

Barbara Boyle Torrey, Executive Director, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Eileen Kennedy, Acting Deputy Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics, U.S. Department of Agriculture

Susan Offutt, Administrator, Economic Research Service



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Appendix Workshop Agenda and Participants Workshop on the Evaluation of Food Assistance Programs in an Era of Welfare Reform Committee on National Statistics Board on Children, Youth, and Families Food and Nutrition Board February 12-13, 1998 Thursday, February 12, 1998, NAS Lecture Room 8:30 a.m. Continental Breakfast 9:00 Welcome and Introduction Charles Manski, Workshop Chair Barbara Boyle Torrey, Executive Director, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Eileen Kennedy, Acting Deputy Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics, U.S. Department of Agriculture Susan Offutt, Administrator, Economic Research Service

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9:30 SESSION I. WHAT ARE THE ISSUES? (Presenters will be asked to make a 10- to 15-minute presentation highlighting the key issues in his/her respective area.) A. Overview of current food assistance programs (e.g., food stamps, WIC, school lunch/breakfast) George Braley, Food and Nutrition Service B. Relationship of food assistance programs to recent welfare program changes Harold Beebout, Mathematica Policy Research C. Economic well-being Robert Moffitt, Johns Hopkins University D. Program delivery (How programs operate administratively, their efficiency, effectiveness and the associated costs, and are they reaching the target populations?) James Ohls, Mathematica Policy Research 10:30 BREAK 10:45 DISCUSSION (Discussion of current efforts to evaluate programs and appropriate outcome and performance measures.) Discussants: Christine Olson, Cornell University (Food Stamps) Barbara Devaney, Mathematica Policy Research (WIC/School Lunch) Cutberto Garza, Cornell University Jean Jones, Congressional Research Service (Federal Programs) Glenn Nelson, Rural Policy Research Institute (Rural Issues) 12:00 p.m. LUNCH

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1:00 SESSION II. HOW CAN THESE ISSUES BEST BE STUDIED? (Presenters will introduce the topics listed below, followed by discussion of approaches to program evaluation) A. Past approaches to evaluation of food assistance programs Steven Carlson, Food and Nutrition Service B. Useful models from evaluation of other types of assistance programs (Presentation will include welfare reform program evaluation) Robert Moffitt, Johns Hopkins University Rebecca Maynard, University of Pennsylvania 1:45 DISCUSSION OF SESSION II Discussants: Chris Hamilton, Abt Associates Robert Hauser, University of Wisconsin Robert Moffitt, Johns Hopkins University James Ohls, Mathematica Policy Research 3:00 BREAK 3:15 SESSION III. DATA RESOURCES AND NEEDS A. What data currently exist? Ronette Briefel, National Center for Health Statistics [National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)] Alanna Moshfegh, USDA/ARS (Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals/Diet and Health Knowledge Survey) B. State-level data Mary Brogdon, National Association of Human Service Quality Control Directors (NAHSQC), State of Minnesota

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4:00 DISCUSSION: What data are needed? Discussants: John Geweke, University of Minnesota Susan Mayer, University of Chicago 5:00 GENERAL DISCUSSION Moderator: Charles Manski (summary observations from participants and observers) 5:30 ADJOURN Friday, February 13, 1998, BOARD ROOM 8:30 a.m. Continental Breakfast 9:00 SESSION IV. IDENTIFYING PRIORITIES FOR EVALUATION OF FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS (All participants will be asked to reflect on the discussions and their expertise to suggest priorities for future studies of food assistance programs.) 10:30 SESSION V. IMPLICATIONS OF SPECIFIC APPROACHES/TRADE-OFFS (All participants will be given the opportunity to address potential barriers to successful evaluation studies, trade-offs in allocation of available funding resources. Two or three key people will be asked to be prepared to raise provocative issues for discussion.) Possible topics for discussion: 1.   Short-term vs long-term studies 2.   Data needs 3.   Costs of studies 4.   Value of results

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  Discussants: Rebecca Blank, Council of Economic Advisors Shiriki Kumanyika, University of Illinois at Chicago Patricia Ruggles, Department of Health and Human Services John Karl Scholz, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Treasury 12:00 p.m. LUNCH 1:00 SESSION VI. CONSIDERATION OF NEXT STEPS (It is expected that the majority of participants will leave after lunch. But a select group of participants will be asked to stay and offer their evaluation of the workshop and present their ideas for future directions in this area. Discussion will be held to identify possible activities that the NRC could conduct to further advancement in this field.) 2:30 pm ADJOURN Participants CHARLES MANSKI (Workshop Chair), Department of Economics, Northwestern University LORNA ALDRICH, Economic Research Service RAJEN ANAND, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion ALYSSA ARCOS, Promar International RICHARD BAVIER, Office of Management and Budget HAROLD BEEBOUT, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. STEPHEN BELL, Urban Institute KARIL BIALOSTOSKY, National Center for Health Statistics REBECCA M. BLANK, Council of Economic Advisers JIM BLAYLOCK, Economic Research Service MARGARET L. BOGLE, Delta NIRI Project, Arkansas LORI BORRUD, Agricultural Research Service GEORGE BRALEY, Food and Nutrition Service RONETTE R. BRIEFEL, Division of Health Examination Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics MARY BROGDON, National Association of Human Service Quality Control Directors, Minnesota TOM CARLIN, Economic Research Service STEVEN CARLSON, Office of Analysis and Evaluation, Food and Nutrition Service

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SID CLEMANS, Office of Budget and Program Analysis KEITH COLLINS, Economic Research Service JOHN COOK, Tufts University EDWARD M. COONEY, Food and Nutrition Service ELIZABETH DAGATA, Economic Research Service STACY DEAN, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities BARBARA DEVANEY, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. MARY KAY FOX, Abt Associates BETSY FRAZAO, Economic Research Service VIVIAN GABOR, Health Systems Research CUTBERTO GARZA, Division of Nutrition Sciences, Cornell University PETER GERMANIS, American Enterprise Institute JOHN GEWEKE, Department of Economics, University of Minnesota LINDA GHELFI, Economic Research Service ROBERT GIBBS, Economic Research Service ELISE GOLAN, Economic Research Service LARRY GOOLSBY, American Public Welfare Association CRAIG GUNDERSEN, Economic Research Service CHRIS HAMILTON, Abt Associates SHANNON HAMM, Economic Research Service KENNETH HANSON, Economic Research Service MARK HARVEY, University of Wisconsin, Madison ROBERT HAUSER, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin JAY HIRSCHMAN, Food and Nutrition Service JANET HOLTZ BLATT, U.S. Department of the Treasury HOWARD IAMS, Social Security Administration HELEN JENSEN, Iowa State University JEAN JONES, Congressional Research Service LINDA KANTOR, Economic Research Service EILEEN KENNEDY, Acting Deputy Under Secretary for Research, Education and Economics, United States Department of Agriculture NANCY KIRKENDALL, Office of Management and Budget CAROL KRAMER-LEBLANC, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion BETSEY KUHN, Economic Research Service SHIRIKI K. KUMANYIKA, Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Illinois, Chicago MICHAEL LeBLANC, Economic Research Service BILL LEVEDAHL, Economic Research Service CARRIE LEWIS, Food Research and Action Center BIING-HWAN LIN, Economic Research Service STEVE LUTZ, Economic Research Service

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ROBERT LEE MARIL, Oklahoma State University SUSAN E. MAYER, University of Chicago REBECCA MAYNARD, University of Pennsylvania LINDA MEYERS, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services CHARLES MICHALOPOULOS, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation ROBERT A. MOFFITT, Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University ALANNA MOSHFEGH, Agriculture Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture SUZANNE MURPHY, University of California, Davis GLENN L. NELSON, Rural Policy Research Institute ABIGAIL NICHOLS, Food and Nutrition Service MARK NORD, Economic Research Service SUSAN OFFUTT, Economic Research Service JAMES C. OHLS, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. VICTOR OLIVEIRA, Economic Research Service CHRISTINE OLSON, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University JOE RICHARDSON, Congressional Research Service BEATRICE ROGERS, Tufts University DOTTIE ROSENBAUM, Congressional Budget Office PATRICIA RUGGLES, Office of Human Services Policy, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services KATHLEEN SCHOLL, General Accounting Office JOHN KARL SCHOLZ, Office of Tax Policy, U.S. Department of the Treasury STEPHANIE SHIPP, Bureau of the Census DAVID SMALLWOOD, Economic Research Service PAUL SMITH, U.S. Department of the Treasury ANN VANDEMAN, Economic Research Service STEPHEN J. VOGEL, Economic Research Service BRUCE WEBER, Oregon State University JON WEIMER, Economic Research Service BARRY WHITE, Office of Management and Budget SHEILA ZEDLEWSKI, The Urban Institute Staff BARBARA BOYLE TORREY, Executive Director, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education MIRON L. STRAF, Director, Committee on National Statistics DEBORAH PHILLIPS, Director, Board on Children, Youth, and Families ALLISON YATES, Director, Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine

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JANE DURCH, Senior Program Officer, Committee on National Statistics TERRI SCANLAN, Program Specialist, Committee on National Statistics TELISSIA THOMPSON, Senior Project Assistant, Committee on National Statistics ELIZABETH EVANSON, University of Wisconsin, Madison (Rapporteur)