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ROBERT NESHEIM: There is a concern with survival rations containing too much protein. Extra protein increases the requirement for water, which may be limited in a situation where survival rations are needed.

We issued a report not too long ago on the subject of not eating enough, and in that report the committee made a strong recommendation that, just as the military has a water doctrine, there ought to be a food doctrine; in other words, that soldiers and military personnel should be educated to understand that food is the fuel that runs them, just as diesel is the fuel that runs their motorized equipment, and that they need to be aware of the potential adverse effects of energy deficits in the field.

Now, we know there are a lot of things that contribute to why soldiers don't eat enough. I am sure that any of us, in a similarly stressful situation, would find ourselves not wanting to eat or not being in a position to eat even though we know that we are supposed to eat. But I think the emphasis on a food doctrine is important, just as it is on a water doctrine, and I think we probably need to continue to emphasize that.

ROBERT NESHEIM: I think we have had a full day, a very full day. I just wanted to thank all of the speakers for their fine contributions. I think we have had an excellent day. The speakers made interesting presentations. They were pretty well on target all the way through. We had good discussion, and you have presented our committee with a lot of challenges in terms of writing a report.

I do want to urge the speakers to get your papers to us, because we are under a real tight constraint in trying to get a report completed within the time frame of what we are committed to doing. So please help us out by getting papers to us as quick as you can if you haven't got it done already.

So I just wanted to close this by thanking all of you for your participation in this particular meeting. I appreciate all our visitors, military and civilian, that are with us, and I hope that you have had an enjoyable day of listening to all of this particular presentation. You have put some real challenges to us as a committee, to try to come up with some recommendations and some meaningful input to the military.

HARRIS LIEBERMAN: Okay. Bob, I cannot even begin to convey it, but I wanted to thank you for the tremendous contribution that you have made to the Committee on Military Nutrition, to the health of soldiers, to the advancement of the science of military nutrition in your many years as the leader of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research. So thank you very much.

ROBERT NESHEIM: Thank you, Harris. It could not have happened without the input of all of the people on the committee and all of the speakers who have presented data to us so we were able to get it together. So it has been great.

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