Kenneth F. Reinschmidt (chair) retired from Stone and Webster, Inc., as senior vice president. He held various positions at Stone and Webster, including president and chief executive officer of Advanced Systems Development Services, Inc., and manager of the Consulting Group in the Engineering Department. Prior to his work at Stone and Webster, Dr. Reinschmidt was a senior research associate and associate professor in the Civil Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was engaged in interdisciplinary research on power-plant engineering, design, construction, and project management. He is a former member of the Building Research Board of the National Research Council (NRC) and served or chaired several NRC committees, including the Committee on Integrated Database Development, the Panel for Building Technology, the Committee on Advanced Technology for Building Design, and the Committee on Foam Plastic Structures. He has also served on several National Science Foundation review panels on construction automation, computer-integrated construction, and engineering research centers. Dr. Reinschmidt was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 1991. He obtained his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Philip R. Clark, Sr., recently retired as president, chief operating officer, and chief executive officer of GPU Nuclear Corporation, which operates and maintains the Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant in Pennsylvania and the Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant in New Jersey. He was elected to the NAE in 1993 and was a member of the NRC Committee on Decontamination and Decommissioning of Uranium Enrichment Facilities. After 25 years of service in the Naval
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--> D Biographies of Committee Members Kenneth F. Reinschmidt (chair) retired from Stone and Webster, Inc., as senior vice president. He held various positions at Stone and Webster, including president and chief executive officer of Advanced Systems Development Services, Inc., and manager of the Consulting Group in the Engineering Department. Prior to his work at Stone and Webster, Dr. Reinschmidt was a senior research associate and associate professor in the Civil Engineering Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he was engaged in interdisciplinary research on power-plant engineering, design, construction, and project management. He is a former member of the Building Research Board of the National Research Council (NRC) and served or chaired several NRC committees, including the Committee on Integrated Database Development, the Panel for Building Technology, the Committee on Advanced Technology for Building Design, and the Committee on Foam Plastic Structures. He has also served on several National Science Foundation review panels on construction automation, computer-integrated construction, and engineering research centers. Dr. Reinschmidt was elected to the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 1991. He obtained his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Philip R. Clark, Sr., recently retired as president, chief operating officer, and chief executive officer of GPU Nuclear Corporation, which operates and maintains the Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant in Pennsylvania and the Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant in New Jersey. He was elected to the NAE in 1993 and was a member of the NRC Committee on Decontamination and Decommissioning of Uranium Enrichment Facilities. After 25 years of service in the Naval
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--> Reactors Program, he retired as associate director for reactors, Naval Reactors Division, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and chief, Reactor Engineering Division, Naval Sea Systems Command. Mr. Clark was responsible for the management and direction of all activities involved in the cleanup of the Three Mile Island 2 reactor accident. At various times, he was director of the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations, the American Nuclear Energy Council, the Advanced Reactor Corporation, and the Nuclear Energy Institute. He has won the Navy Distinguished Civilian Service Award and the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration Special Achievement Award. He holds a B.C.E. from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. Frank P. Crimi recently retired as vice president, Lockheed Martin Advanced Environmental Systems Company. He previously served as vice president of Nuclear Engineering Services, Waste Chem Corporation; manager of decommissioning services, General Electric Company; and manager of plant systems engineering, Advanced Reactor Systems at General Electric. He also held a number of key positions at the DOE Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory operated by General Electric. His experience includes the management of large, complex programs in the nuclear industry, including construction, operation, and maintenance of naval nuclear reactor plants. He also was the General Electric program manager for decommissioning DOE's Shippingport Atomic Power Station. Mr. Crimi has been a member of several NRC committees, including the Committee on Decommissioning of Uranium Enrichment Facilities, Committee on Peer Review in Environmental Technology Development Programs, and the Committee to Review DOE's Decontamination and Decommissioning Technology Development Program. He holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Ohio University. Lloyd A. Duscha retired from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) in 1990 as the highest ranking civilian after serving as deputy director, Engineering and Construction Directorate, at USACE headquarters. Mr. Duscha was elected to the NAE in 1987. He was principal investigator for the recent NRC report, Assessing the Need for Independent Project Reviews in the Department of Energy, which was produced during Phase 1 of the current study. Mr. Duscha is currently an engineering consultant to national and foreign government agencies, the World Bank, and private sector clients. Mr. Duscha has served on numerous NRC committees including the Committee on the Outsourcing of the Management of Planning, Design, and Construction Related Services, and the Committee on Shore Installation Readiness and Management. He is a past member of the NRC Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment, and was vice-chairman for the U.S. National Committee on Tunneling Technology. Other positions held include president, U.S. Committee on Large Dams; chair, Committee on Dam Safety, International Commission on Large Dams; member of Executive Committee, Construction Industry Institute; and member of the Board of Directors,
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--> American Consulting Engineers Council Research and Management Foundation. He has numerous professional affiliations, including fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers, and the Society of American Military Engineers. He has a B.C.E. from the University of Minnesota, by which he was also awarded the Board of Regents Outstanding Achievement Award. G. Brian Estes is the former director of construction projects, Westinghouse Hanford Company, where he directed project management for construction projects in support of operations and environmental cleanup of the Department of Energy Hanford Site. Prior to joining Westinghouse, he completed 30 years in the Navy Civil Engineer Corps, achieving the rank of rear admiral. Admiral Estes served as commander of the Pacific Division of the Naval Facilities Engineering Command and commander of the Third Naval Construction Brigade, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. He supervised more than 700 engineers, 8,000 Seabees, and 4,000 other employees in providing public works management, environmental support, family housing support, facility planning, and design and construction services. As vice commander, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Admiral Estes led the total quality management transformation at headquarters and two updates of the corporate strategic plan. As deputy commander for facilities acquisition and deputy commander for public works, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, he directed the execution of the $2 billion Military Construction Program, and the $3 billion Facilities Management Program. He holds a B.S. in civil engineering from the University of Maine, an M.S. in civil engineering from the University of Illinois, and is a registered professional engineer in Illinois. Paul H. Gilbert is senior vice president, principal professional associate and principal project manager of Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas, Inc. He was elected to the NAE in 1997. Mr. Gilbert was the project director of the PB/ MK Team for design, construction management, and construction of the conventional facilities of the Department of Energy's Superconducting Super Collider and has served as principal-in-charge for major civil engineering projects, such as the Stanford Linear Accelerator Positron-Electron Project, Basalt Waste Isolation Project at Hanford, Nuclear Power Plants in Mined Caverns Study, Downtown Seattle Transit Project, Long Beach Naval Fuel Pier, and the Boston and San Francisco Effluent Outfall Tunnels. Mr. Gilbert is a member in many organizations, including the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), the Project Management Institute, the Society of American Military Engineers, and the Moles. He has won numerous awards in civil engineering and construction management including ASCE fellow, and the ASCE Rickey Medal and Construction Management Award. He holds a B.S. in civil engineering and an M.S. in structural mechanics from the University of California, Berkeley, and is a registered professional engineer in 17 states.
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--> Alvin H. Mushkatel is professor in the School of Urban Planning and Landscape Architecture, Arizona State University. He has held positions in political science at the University of Denver, University of Missouri, and St. John's University in Minnesota. He has conducted numerous studies on risk perception, siting of hazardous facilities, and nuclear waste policy and was a member of a DOE Public Participation Seminar Series Panel on public trust and confidence. He has served as a member of the NRC Committee on Decontamination and Decommissioning of Uranium Enrichment Facilities, the Committee on Earthquake Engineering (and a number of its subpanels), and the Committee on the Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Dr. Mushkatel has published widely in the fields of hazards policy and risk perception. He holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Oregon. Ray O. Sandberg recently retired as manager of special projects on the Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Project, Bechtel, Inc. He was planning manager on the Heavy Water-New Production Reactor construction project and managed the Bechtel design and cost-estimating team in support of the DOE Richland studies on conversion of the WNP-1 reactor to defense materials production; directed development of comparative advanced conceptual designs, construction techniques, cost estimates, and schedules for the $6 million DOE New Production Reactor Study; was manager of Nuclear Fuel Cycle Economics; was Bechtel's technical manager for post-accident planning for the recovery of Three Mile Island Unit 2, including the testing of proposed decontamination techniques and removal of the damaged fuel; and was project engineer for the preliminary design of the Alabama Enrichment Plant, a $3 billion gaseous diffusion enrichment complex. He was a member of the NRC Committee on Decontamination and Decommissioning of Uranium Enrichment Facilities and the Committee on Technology Development for Decontamination and Decommissioning. He has an M.S. in chemical engineering from Washington University and an M.B.A. from Golden Gate University. Alan Schriesheim is director emeritus, Argonne National Laboratory, and recently retired as professor of chemistry, University of Chicago. He was elected to the NAE in 1989. Prior to his service for Argonne National Laboratory, he worked for the Exxon Corporation where he was the general manager in the Engineering Technology Department were he oversaw the development and commercialization of engineering technology for Exxon affiliates worldwide. Dr. Schriesheim has served on numerous NRC committees, including the Committee on Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies, Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable, Committee on Scientists and Engineers in the Federal Government, and the Committee on Environmental Research. Dr. Schriesheim has served on a variety of government panels and boards applicable to this study, including the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board, Magnetic Fusion Advisory
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--> Committee to the DOE, Advisory Committee on Science and Technology, Presidential National Commission on Superconductivity, U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee Science Advisory Group on Renewing U.S. Science Policy, and the Argonne National Laboratory Board of Governors. He has a B.S. in chemistry from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn and a Ph.D. in physical organic chemistry from Pennsylvania State University. Mark N. Silverman is the former manager of the DOE Rocky Flats Field Office and is currently a consultant providing services in a wide range of fields, including management and organizational improvements, energy, environmental protection and cleanup, communications, aerospace, and oceanography. He has broad expertise in administration and operations related to various aspects of DOE programs, including weapons production, environmental restoration, and nuclear waste management. Mr. Silverman oversaw the transition of Rocky Flats from a nuclear weapons production facility to an environmental restoration and nuclear-waste management site with a vision to closing the facility within 10 years. Previous to his assignment at Rocky Flats, he was deputy manager of the Savannah River Operations Office, where he successfully oversaw construction of the Defense Waste Processing Facility, a $3 billion vitrification facility to stabilize and safely store more than 10 million gallons of highly radioactive liquid waste. He has served as an area manager of the DOE's Western Area Power Administration, director of the Denver Oil Shale Project Office, and director of the Geothermal Loan Guaranty Program. He also served in a variety of government positions in the Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Energy Administration, and the Energy Research and Development Administration. As a foreign affairs and congressional fellow, he served as a legislative assistant on energy policy, foreign affairs, and defense issues. He has a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and an M.A.C. from the University of Pennsylvania. He has completed postgraduate courses at Colorado State University and the University of Denver, where he is an adjunct professor. Richard I. Smith retired as staff engineer in the Systems and Risk Management Department of Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories. He contributed to and managed extensive programs sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission on the decommissioning of licensed nuclear facilities and the development of criteria for the release of decontaminated sites. He has participated in the development of a number of Environmental Impact Statements for both DOE and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission related to nuclear facility decommissioning, spent fuel management, and radioisotope production. His studies on the decommissioning of power and test reactors, fuel cycle facilities, and nonfuel cycle nuclear facilities focus on estimating the costs and occupational radiation dose for the decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear facilities, are widely known and used throughout the world. He has been a consultant to the
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--> International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on the decommissioning of nuclear facilities and spent fuel management. In recent years, he has also participated in extended IAEA programs for the planning and management of decommissioning WWER-440 reactors throughout the former Eastern bloc countries. Mr. Smith was a member of the NRC Committee on Decontamination and Decommissioning of Uranium Enrichment Facilities and contributed to the NRC study that examined proposed plans for disposing of spent aluminum-uranium fuels from domestic and foreign research reactors. He is a registered professional engineer in nuclear engineering and has an M.S. in applied physics from the University of California, Los Angeles. Rebecca Snow is a partner in the Washington law firm of Covington and Burling. Her specialization is environmental law with a concentration on Superfund matters, and her work has focused on identifying and controlling liabilities and costs in private and government enforcement actions involving the cleanup of hazardous-waste sites. Ms. Snow is a featured speaker on Superfund issues and the environmental aspects of real estate and business transactions. She co-authored a two-volume treatise addressing the major substantive and procedural issues that have arisen in Superfund cleanups. She is a member of the Bar in the District of Columbia, Nevada, and the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. She has a J.D. from Harvard Law School and a B.A. from Brigham Young University. Clyde B. Tatum is professor of civil engineering at Stanford University and coordinator of the Construction Engineering and Management Program. His research interests and numerous publications include mechanisms and strategies for process and product innovation in construction, methodologies for design-construction integration, and decision-making in technology adoption. Before joining the Stanford faculty, he was involved with various engineering and construction tasks with Ebasco Services, Inc., and the USACE. His experience includes the planning, design, and management of complex projects in the energy production industry and other heavy industries. He is a registered professional engineer in Colorado and Washington. He has a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute, an M.S. in engineering from the University of Michigan, an M.B.A. from New York University, and a Ph.D. from Stanford University.