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initiated under the new appropriation of the Pennington military nutrition research program.

Prior to the meeting, the CMNR reviewed: (1) the preproposal requesting funding for the continuation of the agreement between PBRC and USARIEM for 5 years beginning April 1, 1997 for military nutrition studies at the PBRC and background materials; (2) the Pennington Biomedical Research Center Annual Reports for 1991 and 1996 submitted by the principal investigator Donna H. Ryan to the Army; and (3) past CMNR reviews of PBRC activities in the form of letter reports.

The Committee on Military Nutrition Research's activity during this site visit included (1) hearing presentations by PBRC staff members on the progress of current research efforts and proposals for research to be initiated under the new appropriation to the PBRC military nutrition research program; (2) discussing the progress and proposals in a closed session of CMNR members with the Army sponsor; (3) evaluating the progress and proposed activity in an executive session of committee members; and (4) developing a brief report to the Army stating the committee's conclusions and recommendations.

Subsequent to approval of the final draft by the CMNR, this report was reviewed in confidence by a separate anonymous scientific review group. The CMNR evaluated the anonymous comments of these reviewers and incorporated their suggestions where appropriate. This report is thus a thoughtfully developed presentation that incorporates the scientific opinion of the Committee on Military Nutrition Research and the anonymous National Research Council reviewers.

Overall Conclusions and Recommendations

  • The committee finds that the Clinical Research Laboratory is vital to the PBRC and to USARIEM. The availability of this laboratory to USARIEM has, in large measure, solved a critical need that existed for some time prior to 1990 to obtain timely and accurate analytical support for field studies on the nutritional status of military personnel and for the evaluation of military rations designed to meet their needs.
  • Of concern to the committee is the lower than expected rate of publication in the scientific literature of the data produced for USARIEM by the PBRC.
  • The committee recommends continued support for and integration of the Clinical Research Laboratory, Stable Isotope Laboratory, Menu Modification/Enhancing Military Diets Project, and Nutrient Database Integration Laboratory at a level consistent with USARIEM needs. Experimental studies utilizing the technique of doubly labeled water as well as the incorporation of studies within the Metabolic Units Project employing isotopes to evaluate nutrient utilization should receive high priority in developing projects of interest to the Army.

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