Arcavi, A., Kessel, C., Meira, L., & Smith, J. (1998). Teaching mathematical problem solving: A microanalysis of an emergent classroom community. In A. Schoenfeld, E. Dubinsky, & J. Kaput (Eds.), *Research in Collegiate Mathematics Education* *III* (pp. 1-70). Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society.

Beck, P. (1998). Alignment analysis: Assessment to standards. Unpublished manuscript.

Bell, A. (1993). Some experiments in diagnostic teaching. *Educational Studies in Mathematics**,* *24*, 115-137.

Bell, A. W., Swan, M., Onslow, B., Pratt, K., & Purdy, D. (1985). *Diagnostic teaching: Teaching for long term learning. Report of ESRC Project HR* *8491 / 1*, Nottingham, UK: University of Nottingham, Shell Centre for Mathematical Education.

Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (1998). Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment. *Phi Delta Kappan**,* *80*(2), 139-148.

Bond, L. (1995). Unintended consequences of performance assessment: Issues of bias and fairness. *Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice**,* *14*(4), 21-24.

Borasi, R. (1996). *Reconceiving mathematics instruction: A focus on errors*. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Close, G. (1996). *Developing criterion-referenced, open-response, national test items*. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, San Diego, CA.

Cobb, P., & Lampert, M. (1998). *Communication*. White paper prepared for the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Reston, VA.

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References
Arcavi, A., Kessel, C., Meira, L., & Smith, J. (1998). Teaching mathematical problem solving: A microanalysis of an emergent classroom community. In A. Schoenfeld, E. Dubinsky, & J. Kaput (Eds.), Research in Collegiate Mathematics Education III (pp. 1-70). Providence, RI: American Mathematical Society.
Beck, P. (1998). Alignment analysis: Assessment to standards. Unpublished manuscript.
Bell, A. (1993). Some experiments in diagnostic teaching. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 24, 115-137.
Bell, A. W., Swan, M., Onslow, B., Pratt, K., & Purdy, D. (1985). Diagnostic teaching: Teaching for long term learning. Report of ESRC Project HR 8491 / 1, Nottingham, UK: University of Nottingham, Shell Centre for Mathematical Education.
Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (1998). Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 80(2), 139-148.
Bond, L. (1995). Unintended consequences of performance assessment: Issues of bias and fairness. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 14(4), 21-24.
Borasi, R. (1996). Reconceiving mathematics instruction: A focus on errors. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.
Close, G. (1996). Developing criterion-referenced, open-response, national test items. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, San Diego, CA.
Cobb, P., & Lampert, M. (1998). Communication. White paper prepared for the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Reston, VA.

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