References

Allen, H.M., and Rogers, W.H. 1997. The Consumer Health Plan Value Survey: Round Two. Health Affairs 16(4):156–166.

Araneta, M.R., Moore, C.A., Olney, R.S., Edmonds, L.D., Karcher, J.A., McDonough, C., et al. 1997. Goldenhar Syndrome Among Infants Born in Military Hospitals to Gulf War Veterans. Teratology 56:244–251.

Armstrong, B.K., White, E., and Saracci, R. 1992. Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Armstrong, J.S. 1975. Monetary Incentives in Mail Surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 39:111–116.


Berk, M.L., Mathiowetz, N.A., Ward, E.P., and White, A.A. 1987. The Effect of Prepaid and Promised Incentives: Results of a Controlled Experiment. Journal of Official Statistics 3(4):449–457.

Berlin, M., Mohadjer, L., Waksberg, J., Kolstad, A., Kirsch, I., Rock, D., and Yamamoto, K. 1992. An Experiment in Monetary Incentives. American Statistical Association: 1992 Proceedings of the Survey Research Methods Section. Alexandria, Va.: American Statistical Association. Pp. 393–398.

Bowling, A. 1997. Measuring Health: A Review of Quality of Life Measurement Scales, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Butcher, J.N., Williams, C.L., Graham, J.R., Archer, P.R., Tellegen,A. , Ben-Porath, Y.S., and Kammer, B. 1992. MMPI-A:P—Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Butler, R.W., and Satz, T. 1995. Personality Assessment of Adults and Children. In Kapland, H.I., and Sadock, B.J., eds., Textbook of Psychiatry, 6th ed. Baltimore, Md.: Williams & Wilkins. Pp. 544–562.


Cannell, C.F., Henson, R., and Hybels, J. 1974. Incentives, Motives, and Response Bias. Annals of Economic and Social Measurement 3(2):307–317.

Cattell, R.B., Eber, H.W., and Tatsooka, M.M. 1970. Handbook for the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). Champaign, Ill.: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 87
References Allen, H.M., and Rogers, W.H. 1997. The Consumer Health Plan Value Survey: Round Two. Health Affairs 16(4):156–166. Araneta, M.R., Moore, C.A., Olney, R.S., Edmonds, L.D., Karcher, J.A., McDonough, C., et al. 1997. Goldenhar Syndrome Among Infants Born in Military Hospitals to Gulf War Veterans. Teratology 56:244–251. Armstrong, B.K., White, E., and Saracci, R. 1992. Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology. New York: Oxford University Press. Armstrong, J.S. 1975. Monetary Incentives in Mail Surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 39:111–116. Berk, M.L., Mathiowetz, N.A., Ward, E.P., and White, A.A. 1987. The Effect of Prepaid and Promised Incentives: Results of a Controlled Experiment. Journal of Official Statistics 3(4):449–457. Berlin, M., Mohadjer, L., Waksberg, J., Kolstad, A., Kirsch, I., Rock, D., and Yamamoto, K. 1992. An Experiment in Monetary Incentives. American Statistical Association: 1992 Proceedings of the Survey Research Methods Section. Alexandria, Va.: American Statistical Association. Pp. 393–398. Bowling, A. 1997. Measuring Health: A Review of Quality of Life Measurement Scales, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Open University Press. Butcher, J.N., Williams, C.L., Graham, J.R., Archer, P.R., Tellegen,A. , Ben-Porath, Y.S., and Kammer, B. 1992. MMPI-A:P—Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Butler, R.W., and Satz, T. 1995. Personality Assessment of Adults and Children. In Kapland, H.I., and Sadock, B.J., eds., Textbook of Psychiatry, 6th ed. Baltimore, Md.: Williams & Wilkins. Pp. 544–562. Cannell, C.F., Henson, R., and Hybels, J. 1974. Incentives, Motives, and Response Bias. Annals of Economic and Social Measurement 3(2):307–317. Cattell, R.B., Eber, H.W., and Tatsooka, M.M. 1970. Handbook for the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF). Champaign, Ill.: Institute for Personality and Ability Testing.

OCR for page 87
Cloningen, C.R. 1987. A Systematic Method for Clinical Description and Classification of personality Variants. Archives of General Psychiatry 44:573–581. Coker, W.J., Bhatt, B.M., Blatchley, N.F., and Graham, J.T. 1999. Clinical Findings for the First 1,000 Gulf War Veterans in the Ministry of Defence's Medical Assessment Programme. British Medical Journal 318:290–294. Converse, J.M., and Presser, S. 1986. Survey Questions: Handcrafting the Standardized Questionnaire. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage. Cowan, D.N., DeFraites, R.F., Gray, G.C., Goldenbaum, M.B., and Wishik, S.M. 1997. The Risk of Birth Defects Among Children of Persian Gulf War Veterans. New England Journal of Medicine 336(23):1650–1656. Croog, S.H., Levine, S., Testa, M.A., Brown, B., Bulpitt, CJ., Jenkins, CD., et al. 1986. The Effects of Antihypertensive Therapy on the Quality of Life. New England Journal of Medicine 314:1657–1664. Dahlstrom, W.G., Welsch, G., and Dahlstrom, L. 1972. An MMPI Handbook . Vol. 1: Clinical Interpretation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Day, L. 1989. Designing and Conducting Health Surveys. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass. DeMaio, T.J., ed. 1983. Approaches to Developing Questionnaires (Statistical Policy Working Paper 10). Springfield, Va:. Statistical Policy Office, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget. Department of Defense. 1998. Presentation at the Institute of Medicine Workshop on Measuring the Health of Gulf War Veterans, May 7, 1998, Washington, D.C. Department of Veterans Affairs. 1995. Manual M-10, Part III. Washington, D.C.: Department of Veterans Affairs. Department of Veterans Affairs. 1998a. Annual Report to Congress: Federally Sponsored Research on Persian Gulf Veterans' Illnesses for 1997. Washington, D.C.: Department of Veterans Affairs. Department of Veterans Affairs. 1998b. Consolidation and Combined Analysis of the Databases of the Department of Veterans Affairs Persian Gulf Health Registry and the Department of Defense Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Epidemiology Service, Department of Veterans Affairs. Department of Veterans Affairs. 1999. A Review of the Department of Veterans Affairs Revised Persian Gulf Registry and In-Patient Treatment Files. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Epidemiology Service, Department of Veterans Affairs. DeVellis, R. 1991. Scale Development: Theory and Applications. Applied Social Research Methods Series, Vol. 26. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage. Deyo, R.A., and Patrick, D.L. 1989. Barriers to the Use of Health Status Measures in Clinical Investigation, Patient Care, and Policy Research. Medical Care 27(Suppl.): S254–S268. Deyo, R.A., McNiesh, I.M., and Cone, R.O. 1985. Observer Variability in the Interpretation of Lumbar Spine Radiographs. Arthritis and Rheumatism 28:1066–1070. Dillman, D. 1977. Mail and Telephone Data Collection Methods. New York: Wiley Interscience. Duffer, A.P., Lessler, J.T., Weeks, M.F., and Mosher, W.D. 1996. Impact of Incentives and Interviewing Modes: Results from the National Survey of Family Growth Cycle V Pretest. In Warnecke, R., ed., Health Survey Research Methods Conference Proceedings (DHHS Pub. No. [PHS] 96-1013). Washington, D.C.: Department of Health and Human Services.

OCR for page 87
Erickson, P. In press. Relationship Between Health and Economic Well-Being in the United States. Dissertation completed at George Washington University, Columbian School of Arts and Sciences, May 1996. Evans, R.G., and Stoddart, G.L. 1994. Producing Health, Consuming Health Care. In Evans, R.E., Barer, M.L., and Marmor, T.R., eds., Why Are Some People Healthy and Others Not? The Determinants of Health of Populations. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. Executive Office of the President. 1998. A National Obligation: Planning for Health Preparedness for and Readjustment of the Military, Veterans, and Their Families After Future Deployments. Presidential Review Directive 5. Washington, D.C.: Executive Office of the President. Federal Committee on Statistical Methodology. 1991. Seminar on Qualityin Federal Data. Session 10: Approaches to Developing Questionnaires . Washington, D.C.: Statistical Policy Office, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget. Feinstein, A.R. 1977. Clinical Biostatistics XLI. Hard Science, Soft Data, and the Challenges of Choosing Clinical Variables in Research. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 22:485–498. Fowler, F. 1995. Improving Survey Questions: Design and Evaluation. Applied Social Research Methods Series, Vol. 38. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage. Frank-Stromborg, M., and Olsen, S.J., eds. 1997. Instruments for Clinical Health-Care Research, 2nd ed. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones and Bartlett. Fukuda, K., Nisenbaum, R., Stewart, G., Thompson, W.W., Robin, L., et al. 1998. Chronic Multisymptom Illness Affecting Air Force Veterans of the Gulf War. Journal of the American Medical Association 280:981–988. General Accounting Office. 1993. Operation Desert Storm: Army Not Adequately Prepared to Deal with Depleted Uranium Contamination (GAO/NSIAD-93–90). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. General Accounting Office. 1995. Operation Desert Storm: Health Concerns of Selected Indiana Persian Gulf War Veterans (GAO/HEHS-95–102). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. General Accounting Office. 1997. Gulf War Illnesses: Improved Monitoring of Clinical Progress and Reexamination of Research Emphasis Are Needed (GAO/NSIAD-97–163). Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. General Accounting Office. 1998a. Gulf War Veterans: Incidence of Tumors Cannot Be Reliably Determined from Available Data (GAO/NSIAD-98–89). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. General Accounting Office. 1998b. VA Health Care: Better Integration of Services Could Improve Gulf War Veterans' Care (GAO/HEHS-98–197). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Gold, M.R., Patrick, D.L., Torrance, G.W., Fryback, D.G., Hadorn, D.C., et al. 1996. Identifying and Valuing Outcomes. In: Gold, M.R., Siegel, J.E., Russell, L.B., and Weinstein, M.C., eds., Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. New York: Oxford University Press. Goss Gilroy, Inc. 1998. Health Study of Canadian Forces Personnel Involved in the 1991 Conflict in the Persian Gulf. Vol. I. Ottawa: Goss Gilroy, Inc. Gray, G.C., Coate, B.D., Anderson, C.M., Kang, H.K., Berg, S.W., et al. 1996. The Postwar Hospitalization Experience of U.S. Veterans of the Persian Gulf War. New England Journal of Medicine 335:1505–1513.

OCR for page 87
Guyatt, G.H., Eagle, D.J., Sackett, B., Willan, A., Griffin, L., et al. 1993a. Measuring Quality of Life in the Frail Elderly. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 46(12):1433–1444. Guyatt, G.H., Feeney, D.H., and Patrick, D.L. 1993b. Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life. Annals of Internal Medicine 118(8):622–629. Guzman, J., Ponce de Leon, S., Pita Ramirez, L., Castillo Renteria, C., and Perez Pimentel, L. 1993. Change in the Quality of Life as an Indicator of the Clinical Course of Disease: Comparison of Two Indices. Revista De Investigacion Clinica 45(5):439–452. Haley, R.W., and Kurt, T.L. 1997. Self-Reported Exposure to Neurotoxic Chemical Combinations in the Gulf War. Journal of the American Medical Association 277:231–237. Haley, R.W., Horn, J., Roland, P.S., Wilson, W.B., Van Ness, P.C., Bonte, F.J., et al. 1997a. Evaluation of Neurologic Function in Gulf War Veterans: A Blinded Case-Control Study. Journal of the American Medical Association 277(3):223–230. Haley, R.W., Kurt, T.L., and Horn, J. 1997b. Is There a Gulf War Syndrome? Searching for Syndromes by Factor Analysis of Symptoms. Journal of the American Medical Association 277:215–222. Hall, R., Horrocks, J.C., Clamp, S.E., and Dombal, F.T. 1976. Observer Variation in Assessment of Results of Surgery for Peptic Ulceration. British Medical Journal 1(6013):814–816. Henry, G.T. 1990. Practical Sampling. Applied Social Research Methods Series. Vol. 21. Newbury, Calif.: Sage. Holmes, D.T., Tariot, P.N., and Cox, C. 1998. Preliminary Evidence of Psychological Distress Among Reservists in the Persian Gulf War. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 186(3):166–173. Hyams, K.C., Wignall, S., and Roswell, R. 1996. War Syndromes and Their Evaluation: From the U.S. Civil War to the Persian Gulf War. Annals of Internal Medicine 125:398–405. Institute of Medicine. 1990. Medicare: A Strategy for Quality Assurance . Vols. I and II. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Institute of Medicine. 1995. Health Consequences of Service During the Persian Gulf War: Initial Findings and Recommendations for Immediate Action. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Institute of Medicine. 1996a. Evaluation of the U.S. Department of Defense Persian Gulf Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Institute of Medicine. 1996b. Health Consequences of Service During the Persian Gulf War: Recommendations for Research and Information Systems. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Institute of Medicine. 1997a. Adequacy of the Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program: A Focused Assessment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Institute of Medicine. 1997b. Adequacy of the Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program: Nerve Agents. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Institute of Medicine. 1998. Adequacy of the VA Persian Gulf Registry and Uniform Case Assessment Protocol. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Iowa Persian Gulf Study Group. 1997. Self-Reported Illness and Health Status Among Gulf War Veterans: A Population-Based Study. Journal of the American Medical Association 277(3):238–245.

OCR for page 87
Ismail, K., Everitt, B., Blatchley, N., Hull, L., Unwin, C., David, A., and Wessely, S. 1999. Is There a Gulf War Syndrome? Lancet 353:179–182. Jachuck, S.J., Brierley, H., Jachuck, S., and Wilcox, P.M. 1982. The Effect of Hypotensive Drugs on the Quality of Life. Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners 32(235):103–105. James, J.M., and Bolstein, R. 1990. The Effect of Monetary Incentives and Follow-Up Mailings on the Response Rate and Response Quality in Mail Surveys. Public Opinion Quarterly 54:346–361. Jenkins, C.R., and Dillman, D.A. 1997. Toward a Theory of Self-Administered Questionnaire Design. In: Lyberg, L., Biemer, P., Sollins, M., DeLeeuw, E., Dippo, C., Schwarz, N., and Trewin, D., eds., Survey Measurement and Process Control. New York: Wiley. Kang, H.K., and Bullman, M.S. 1996. Mortality Among U.S. Veterans of the Persian Gulf War. New England Journal of Medicine 335:1498–1504. Kaplan, R.M., Atkins, C.J., and Timms, R. 1984. Validity of a Quality of Well-Being Scale as an Outcome Measure in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Journal of Chronic Disease 37:85–95. Knoke, J.D., and Gray, G.C. 1998. Hospitalization for Unexplained Illnesses Among U.S. Veterans of the Persian Gulf War. Emerging Infectious Diseases 4:211–219. Koran, I.M. 1975. The Reliability of Clinical Methods, Data, and Judgments. New England Journal of Medicine 29:642–646, 695–701. Kroenke, K., Koslowe, P., and Roy, M. 1998. Symptoms in 18,495 Persian Gulf War Veterans: Latency of Onset and Lack of Association with Self-Reported Exposures. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 40:520–528. Kulka, R.A. 1993. A Brief Review of the Use of Monetary Incentives in Federal Statistical Surveys. (Final Report of a Symposium on Providing Incentives to Survey Respondents at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, Mass., October 1–2, 1992.) Washington, D.C.: Council of Professional Associations on Federal Statistics/Office of Management and Budget. Lessler, J., and Forsyth, B. 1996. A Coding System for Appraising Questionnaires. In: Schwartz, and Sudman, N.S., eds., Answering Questions: Methodology for Determining Cognitive and Communicative Processes in Survey Research. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass. Pp. 259–291. Lezak, M.D. 1995. Neuropsychological Assessment, 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 767–790. Linsky, A.S. 1975. Stimulating Responses to Mailed Questionnaires: A Review. Public Opinion Quarterly 39:82–101. Lohr, K.N., Aaronson, N.K., Alonso, J., Burnham, M.A., Patrick, D.L., Perrin, E.B. and Roberts, J.S. 1996. Evaluating Quality-of-Life and Health Status Instruments: Development of Scientific Review Criteria. Clinical Therapeutics 18(5):979–992. McDowell, I., and Jenkinson, C. 1996. Development Standards for Health Measures. Journal of Health Services Research Policy 1(4):238–246. McDowell, I., and Newell, C. 1996. Measuring Health: A Guide to Rating Scales and Questionnaires, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press. Million, R., Hall, W., Nilsen, K.H., Baker, RD., Jayson, MI., et al. 1982. Assessment of the Progress of the Back-Pain Patient. Spine 7:204–212. Millon, T. 1985. The MCMI Provides a Good Assessment of DSM-III Disorders: The MCMI-II Will Provide Even Better. Journal of Personality Assessment 49:379–387.

OCR for page 87
Morgan, C.A., Klingham, P., Nicolaou, A., and Southwick, S.M. 1998. Anniversary Reactions in Gulf War Veterans: A Naturalistic Inquiry 2 Years After the Gulf War. Journal of Traumatic Stress 11:165–171. Nunnally, J.C., and Berstein, I.H. 1994. Psychometric Theory, 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. O'Keefe, T.B., and Homer, P.M. 1987. Selecting Cost-Effective Survey Methods: Foot-in-Door and Prepaid Monetary Incentives. Journal of Business Research 15:365–376. Parsons, T. 1958. Definition of Health and Illness in the Light of American Values and Social Structure. In Gartly, J.E., ed., Patients, Physicians, and Illness: A Sourcebook in Behavioral Science and Health . New York: Free Press. Pp. 165–187. Patrick, D.L., and Erickson, P. 1993. Health Status and Health Policy: Quality of Life in Health Care Evaluation and Resource Allocation . New York: Oxford University Press. Payne, S. 1980. The Art of Asking Questions. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Pecoraro, R.E., Inui, T.S., Chen, M.S., Plorde, DK., Heller, JL., et al. 1979. Validity and Reliability of a Self-Administered Health History Questionnaire. Public Health Reports 94:231–238. Perconte, S.T., Wilson, A.T., Pontius, E.B., Dietrick, A.L., and Spiro, K.J. 1993. Psychological and War Stress Symptoms Among Deployed and Non-Deployed Reservists Following the Persian Gulf War. Military Medicine 158:516–521. Pierce, P. 1997. Physical and Emotional Health of Gulf War Veteran Women. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 68:317–321. Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veteran's Illnesses. 1996a. Final Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veteran's Illnesses. 1996b. Interim Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Presidential Advisory Committee on Gulf War Veteran's Illnesses. 1997. Special Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Proctor, S.P., Heeren, T., White, R.F., Wolfe, J., Borgos, M.S., et al. 1998. Health Status of Persian Gulf War Veterans: Self-Reported Symptoms, Environmental Exposures, and the Effect of Stress. InternationalJournal of Epidemiology 27:1000–1010. Rossi, P.H., Wright, J.D., and Anderson, A.B., eds. 1983. Handbook of Survey Research. New York: Academic Press. Scientific Advisory Committee, Medical Outcomes Trust. 1999. Evaluating Health Outcome Measures: The Medical Outcomes Trust Approach. Boston: Medical Outcomes Trust. Segen, J.C., ed. 1992. The Dictionary of Modern Medicine. Park Ridge, N.J.: Parthenon. Sostek, M.B., Jackson, S., Linevsky, J.K., Schimmel, E.M., and Fincke, B.G. 1996. High Prevalence of Chronic Gastrointestinal Symptoms in a National Guard Unit of Persian Gulf Veterans. American Journal of Gastroenterology 91:2494–2497. Southwick, S.M., Morgan, C.A., Darnell, A., Bremner, D., Nicolaou, A.L., et al. 1995. Trauma-Related Symptoms in Veterans of Operation Desert Storm. American Journal of Psychiatry 152:1150–1155. Southwick, S.M., Morgan, C.A., Nagy, L.M., Bremner, D., Nicolaou, A.L., et al. 1993. Trauma-Related Symptoms in Veterans of Operation Desert Storm: A Preliminary Report. American Journal of Psychiatry 150:1524–1528. Stretch, R.H., Bliese, P.D., Marlowe, D.H., Wright, K.M., Knudson, K.H., and Hoover, C.H. 1995. Physical Health Symptomatology of Gulf War-Era Service Personnel from the States of Pennsylvania and Hawaii. Military Medicine 160:131–136.

OCR for page 87
Stretch, R.H., Bliese, P.D., Marlowe, D.H., Wright, K.M., Knudson, K.H., and Hoover, C.H. 1996a. Psychological Health of Gulf War-Era Military Personnel. Military Medicine 161:257–261. Stretch, R.H., Marlowe, D.H., Wright, K.M., Bliese, P.D., Knudson, K.H., and Hoover, C.H. 1996b. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms Among Gulf War Veterans. Military Medicine 161:407–410. Sudman, S., Bradburn, N., and Schwarz, N. 1996. Thinking About Answers: The Application of Cognitive Processes to Survey Methodology. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass. Sugarbaker, P.H., Barofsky, I., Rosenberg, S.A., and Gianola, F.J. 1982. Quality of Life Assessment of Patients in Extremity Sarcoma Clinical Trials. Surgery 91(1):17–23. Sugman, S., and Bradburn, N. 1982. Asking Questions: A Practical Guide to Questionnaire Design. San Francisco, Calif.: Jossey-Bass. Sutker, P.B., Davis, J.M., Uddo, M., and Ditta, S.R. 1995. Assessment of Psychological Distress in Persian Gulf Troops: Ethnicity and Gender Comparisons. Journal of Personality Assessment. 64:415–427. Sutker, P.B., Uddo, M., Brailey, K., Vasterling, J.J., and Errera, P. 1994. Psychopathology in War-Zone Deployed and Nondeployed Operation Desert Storm Troops Assigned Graves Registration Duties. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 103:383–390. Thomas, M.R., and Lyttle, D. 1980. Patient Expectations About Success of Treatment and Reported Relief from Low Back Pain. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 24(6):297–301. Torrance G.W., and Feeny D. 1989. Utilities and Quality-AdjustedLife Years . International Journal of Technology of Assessment in Health Care 5:559–578. U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs. 1994. United States Dual-Use Exports to Iraq and Their Impact on the Health of the Persian Gulf Veterans. Senate Report 103–900, May 25, 1994. U.S. Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs. 1998. Report of the Special Investigation Unit on Gulf War Illnesses. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Unwin, C., Blatchley, N., Coker, W., Ferry, S., Hotopf, M., Hull, L., et al. 1999. Health of U.K. Servicemen Who Served in Persian Gulf War. Lancet 353:169–178. Ware, J.E., Snow, K.K., Kosinski, M., and Gandek, B. 1993. SF-36 Health Survey: Manual and Interpretation Guide. Boston: Nimrod Press. World Health Organization (WHO). 1948. Constitution of World Health Organization. Basic Documents. Geneva: WHO. Wolfe, J., Proctor, S.P., Davis, J.D, Borgos, M.S., and Friedman, M.J. 1998. Health Symptoms Reported by Persian Gulf War Veterans Two Years After Return. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 33:104–113. Wood, R.W., Diehr, P. Wolcott, B.W., Slay, L., and Tompkins, B.K. 1979. Reproducibility of Clinical Data and Decisions in the Management of Upper Respiratory Illnesses. Medical Care 17:767–779. Writer, J.V., DeFraites, R.F., and Brundage, J.F. 1996. Comparative Mortality Among U.S. Military Personnel in the Persian Gulf Region and Worldwide During Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Journal of the American Medical Association 275:118–121.

OCR for page 87
This page in the original is blank.