Snider, T.H., M.G. Wientjes, R.L. Joiner and G.L. Fisher. 1990. Arsenic distribution in rabbits after lewisite administration and treatment with British anti-lewisite (BAL). Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 14:262–272.

Solana, R. 1992. "Toxicology of Lewisite." Presentation before the Committee to Survey the Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite, Institute of Medicine, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. June 11, 1992.

Sollman, T.H. 1957. Lewisite. In: Sollman, T.H., Ed., Manual of Pharmacology and its Applications to Therapeutics and Toxicology, 8th ed. W.B. Saunders Co.: Philadelphia. pp. 192–193. (cited in Watson and Griffin, 1992)

Stewart, D.L., E.J. Sass, L.K. Fritz and L.B. Sasser. 1989. Toxicology studies on lewisite and sulfur mustard agents: Mutagenicity of lewisite in the Salmonella histidine reversion assay. Final Report, Pacific Northwest Laboratory Report, PNL-6872, Richland, WA.


Trammell, G.L. 1992. Toxicodynamics of organoarsenic chemical warfare agents. In: Somani, S.M., Ed. Chemical Warfare Agents. Academic Press, Inc.: New York, pp.255–270.


U.S. EPA. 1984. Health Effects Assessment for Arsenic. Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office. Cincinnati, OH. PB86-13319, EPA/540/1–86/120.

U.S. EPA. 1988. Methodology for Evaluating Potential Carcinogenicity in Support of Reportable Quantity Adjustments Pursuant to CERCLA Section 102. OHEA-C-073, April, 1988.

U.S. EPA. 1989. Drinking water regulations and health advisories. Office of Drinking Water, Washington, D.C.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1991. General Quantitative Risk Assessment Guidelines for Noncancer Health Effects. ECAO-CIN-538. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Cincinnati, OH.


Wardell, E.L. 1941. Lewisite (M-1): 1940 Summary of physiologic and toxicologic data. Report. No. EATR 285. Chemical Warfare Service, Edgewood Arsenal, MD (ADB959553L).

Watson, A.P. and G.D. Griffin. 1992. Toxicity of vesicant agents scheduled for destruction by the chemical stockpile disposal program. Environ. Health Perspect. 98:259–280.

WHO (World Health Organization). 1981. Arsenic. Environmental Health Criteria Volume 18. IPCS International Program on Chemical Safety, WHO, Geneva.


Yamakido, M., Y. Nishimoto, T. Shigenobu, K. Onari, C.Satoh, K. Goriki and M. Fujita. 1985. Study of the genetic effects of sulfur mustard gas on former workers on Okuno-jima poison gas factory and their offspring. Hiroshima J. Med. Sci. 24:311–322.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement