EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1995. Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, 5th ed.-Volume I: Stationary and Area Sources-AP-42 and Supplements A to E. EPA450AP425ED. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, N.C.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1997. National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter-Final Rule. Fed. Regist. 62(138): 38651–38760.

EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1999. Airborne Particulate Matter Research Strategy. EPA/600/R-99/045. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC.

Finlayson-Pitts, B.J., and J.N. Pitts. 1986. Atmospheric Chemistry: Fundamental and Experimental Techniques. New York: Wiley.

Fujita, E., J.G. Watson, J.C. Chow, N. Robinson, L. Richards, and N. Kumar. 1998. Northern Front Range Air Quality Study-Volume C: Source Apportionment and Simulation Methods and Evaluation. Prepared for Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO., and EPRI, Palo Alto, CA., by Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV. June 30, 1998.


Hildemann, L.M., G.R. Markowski, M.C. Jones, and G.R. Cass. 1991. Submicrometer aerosol mass distributions of emissions from boilers, fireplaces, automobiles, diesel trucks, and meat-cooking operations. Aerosol Sci. Technol. 14(1):138–152.


Koutrakis, P., S.L.K. Briggs, and B.P. Leaderer. 1992. Source apportionment of indoor aerosols in Suffolk and Onondaga Counties, New York. Environ. Sci. Technol. 26(3):521–527.


Lawson, D.R. 1990. The Southern California Air Quality Study. J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 40(2):156–165.

Liao, D., J. Creason, C. Shy, R. Williams, R. Watts, and R. Zweidinger. 1999. Daily variation of particulate air pollution and poor cardiac autonomic control in the elderly. Environ. Health Perspect. 107(7):521–525.

Lioy, P.J. 1990. Assessing total human exposure to contaminants. Environ. Sci. Technol. 24(7):938–945.

Lioy, P.J., J.M. Waldman, T. Buckley, J. Butler, and C. Pietarinen. 1990. The personal, indoor, and outdoor concentrations of PM10 measured in an industrial community during the winter. Atmos. Environ. Part B, Urban Atmos. 24(1):57–66.


NRC (National Research Council). 1983. Risk Assessment in the Federal Government: Managing the Process. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 1991. Human Exposure Assessment for



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement