Biographical Memoirs

Volume 73

NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS
WASHINGTON, D.C.
1998



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--> Biographical Memoirs Volume 73 NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1998

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--> The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by Act of Congress as a private, nonprofit, self-governing membership corporation for the furtherance of science and technology, required to advise the federal government upon request within its fields of competence. Under its corporate charter the Academy established the National Research Council in 1916, the National Academy of Engineering in 1964, and the Institute of Medicine in 1970. INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER 0-309-06031-1 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER 0077-2933 LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CATALOG CARD NUMBER 5-26629 Available from NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20418 PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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--> Contents     PREFACE   vii     CHARLES GREELEY ABBOT BY DAVID H. DEVORKIN   3     CARL DAVID ANDERSON BY WILLIAM H. PICKERING   25     WILLIAM OSGOOD AYDELOTTE BY ALLAN G. BOGUE AND GILBERT WHITE   41     FRANK AMBROSE BEACH BY DONALD A. DEWSBURY   65     WALKER BLEAKNEY BY GEORGE T. REYNOLDS   87     JAMES FREDERICK BONNER BY FRANK B. SALISBURY   101     RODNEY LEE COOL BY ROBERT K. ADAIR   129     LOUIS BARKHOUSE. FLEXNER BY JAMES M. SPRAGUE   151

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-->     REYNOLD CLAYTON FUSON BY PETER BEAK, DAVID Y. CURTIN, AND DAVID A. LIGHTNER   167     CHARLES ROY HENDERSON BY L. DALE VAN VLECK   183     JOHANNES HOLTFRETER BY JOHN GERHART   209     CARL IVER HOVLAND BY ROGER N. SHEPARD   231     CARSON DUNNING JEFFRIES BY WALTER KNIGHT, JOHN REYNOLDS, ERWIN HAHN, AND ALAN PORTIS   263     FREDERICK GEORGE KEYES BY JOHN ROSS   277     HEINRICH KLÜVER BY FREDERICK K. D. NAHAM AND KARL H. PRIBRAM   289     LEWIS GIBSON LONGSWORTH BY ROBERT A. ALBERTY   307     ALFRED EZRA MIRSKY BY SEYMOUR S. COHEN   323     MELVIN SPENCER NEWMAN BY LEO A. PAQUETTE AND MILTON ORCHIN   335     ALFRED HENRY STURTEVANT BY EDWARD B. LEWIS   349     WILLIAM GOULD YOUNG BY JOHN D. ROBERTS   365

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--> Preface On March 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln signed the Act of Incorporation that brought the National Academy of Sciences into being. In accordance with that original charter, the Academy is a private, honorary organization of scientists, elected for outstanding contributions to knowledge, who can be called upon to advise the federal government. As an institution the Academy's goal is to work toward increasing scientific knowledge and to further the use of that knowledge for the general good. The Biographical Memoirs, begun in 1877, are a series of volumes containing the life histories and selected bibliographies of deceased members of the Academy. Colleagues familiar with the discipline and the subject's work prepare the essays. These volumes, then, contain a record of the life and work of our most distinguished leaders in the sciences, as witnessed and interpreted by their colleagues and peers. They form a biographical history of science in America—an important part of our nation's contribution to the intellectual heritage of the world. PETER H. RAVEN Home Secretary

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